Theories of Personality

  1. psychoanalysis
    Theory of personality, approach to psychotherapy, and method of investigation founded by Freud.
  2. hysteria (Freud)
    A mental disorder marked by the conversion of repressed psychical elements into somatic symptoms such as impotency, paralysis, or blindness, when no physiological bases for these symptoms exist.
  3. catharsis
    The process of removing or lessening psychological disorders by talking about one’s problems.
  4. neurosis
    Somewhat dated term signifying mild personality disorders as opposed to the more severe psychotic reactions. Neuroses are generally characterized by one or more of the following: anxiety, hysteria, phobias, obsessive-compulsive reactions, depression, chronic fatigue, and hypochondriacal reactions.
  5. obsession
    A persistent or recurrent idea, usually involving an urge toward some action.
  6. Oedipus complex
    In psychoanalysis, a subconscious sexual desire in a child, especially a male child, for the parent of the opposite sex, usually accompanied by hostility to the parent of the same sex.
  7. unconscious (Freud)
    All those mental elements of which a person is unaware. Two levels of the unconscious are the unconscious proper and the preconscious. Unconscious ideas can become conscious only through great resistance and difficulty.
  8. conscious (Freud)
    Those mental elements in awareness at any given time.
  9. preconscious (Freud)
    Mental elements that are currently not in awareness, but that can become conscious with varying degrees of difficulty.
  10. suppression
    The blocking or inhibiting of an activity either by a conscious act of the will or by an outside agent such as parents or other authority figures. It differs from repression, which is the unconscious blocking of anxiety-producing experiences.
  11. repression
    The forcing of unwanted, anxiety-laden experiences into the unconscious as a defense against the pain of that anxiety.
  12. phylogenetic endowment
    Unconscious inherited images that have been passed down to us through many generations of repetition. A concept used by both Freud and Klein.
  13. perceptual conscious (Freud)
    The system that perceives external stimuli through sight, sound, taste, and the like and that communicates them to the conscious system.
  14. id (Freud)
    The region of personality that is alien to the ego because it includes experiences that have never been owned by the person. The id is the home base for all the instincts, and its sole function is to seek pleasure regardless of consequences.
  15. ego (Freud)
    The province of the mind that refers to the “I” or those experiences that are owned (not necessarily consciously) by the person. As the only region of the mind in contact with the real world, the ego is said to serve the reality principle.
  16. superego (Freud)
    The moral or ethical processes of personality. The superego has two subsystems—the conscience, which tells us what is wrong, and the ego-ideal, which tells us what is right.
  17. pleasure principle (Freud)
    A reference to the motivation of the id to seek immediate reduction of tension through the gratification of instinctual drives.
  18. primary process (Freud)
    A reference to the id, which houses the primary motivators of behavior, called instincts.
  19. secondary process (Freud)
Card Set
Theories of Personality
Theories of Personality class.