Cognition ch 9 key terms

  1. the brains ability to change as a result of experience
  2. memory for information currently held "in mind"; it has limited capacity
    short term memory
  3. memory for information that is stored but need not be consciously accessible; it has an essentially unlimited capacity
    long term memory
  4. silently mouthing words while performing some other task (typically a memory task)
    articulatory suppression
  5. a system for the temporary storage and manipulation of information
    working memory
  6. memories that can be consciously accessed
    declarative memory
  7. memories that cannot be consciously accessed
    non-declarative memory
  8. explicit memory is just like declarative memory
    implicit is just like non declarative memory
  9. memory for skills such as riding a bike
    procedural memory
  10. conceptually based knowledge about the world, including knowledge of people, places, the meaning of objects and words
    semantic memory
  11. memory of specific events in ones own life
    episodic memory
  12. memory for events that have occurred after brain damage
    anterograde memory
  13. memory for events that occurred before brain damage
    retrograde memory
  14. amnesia arising from long term alcoholism
    korsakoff's syndrome
  15. the process by which moment to moment changes in brain activity are translated into permanent structural changes in the brain
  16. an increase in the long term responsiveness of a post synaptic neuron in response to stimulation of a presynaptic neuron
    long term potentiation (LTP)
  17. the observation that memories from early in life tend to be preserved in amnesia
    ribots law
  18. a memory test in which participants must decide whether a stimulus was shoen on a particular occasion
    recognition memory
  19. participants must produce previously seen stimuli without a full prompt being given
  20. context free memory in which the recognized item just feels familiar
  21. context dependent memory that involves remembering specific information from the study episode
  22. information that is processed semantically is more likely to be remembered than information that is processed perceptually
    levels of processing account
  23. events are easier to remember when the context at retrieval is similar to the context at encoding
    encoding specificity hypothesis
  24. retrieval of a memory causes active inhibitions of similar competing memories
    retrieval induced forgetting
  25. forgetting arising because of a deliberate intention to forget
    directed forgetting
  26. the act of remembering construed in terms of making inferences about the past, based on what is currently known and accessible
    constructive memory
  27. the process by which retrieved memories are attributed to their original context
    source monitoring
  28. a memory that is either partly or wholly inaccurate but is accepted as a real memory by the person doing the remembering
    false memory
  29. a memory that is false and sometimes self contradictory without an intention to lie
Card Set
Cognition ch 9 key terms
test 2