American Government

  1. Almost all divorce and personal injury cases are heard in _________ courts.
  2. Questions of state law may get into district court through _______ _________.
    diversity jurisdiction
  3. The ____________ Court hears suits involving monetary damages against the United States Government.
  4. Today, almost all cases reach the Supreme Court on a write of __________.
  5. The practice that allows home-state senators considerable control over the fate of presidential nominees is called _______ _________.
    senatorial courtesy
  6. Petitions for review filed by lawyers with the supreme Court's clerk are called ____________.
  7. Prior decisions in similar court cases are called ____________.
  8. Congress and states may correct the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution through a _________ _________.
    Constitutional amendment
  9. The judiciary operates only in the context of cases.
  10. The United States Supreme Court can decide only cases that originate in federal courts.
  11. Most federal and state judges are appointed for life and can be removed only by impeachment
  12. Presidents overwhelmingly appoint members of their own political party to the federal bench.
  13. About half the cases the Supreme Court decides involve the meaning the justices give to words legislators have written.
  14. The Supreme Court usually writes a decision for the majority of the cases on its docket each term.
  15. Supreme Court conferences and deliberations are open to the public.
  16. The written opinion of the Supreme Court represents a Consensus of the majority of justices.
  17. The most often used check on judicial power has been impeachment.
  18. An attempt to recover damages following an automobile accident would be considered a _____.

    C.   civil case
  19. State courts that serve as trial courts for serious criminal offenses are

    D.   courts of general jurisdiction
  20. The Missouri Plan

    B.   allows state governors to appoint judges from a list of nominees
  21. Almost all federal cases begin in the

    B.   United States district courts
  22. Each of the following is a legislative court except

    A.   Court of International Trade
  23. The Supreme Court's original jurisdiction included cases

    D.   all of the above
  24. Dwight Eisenhower's choice of Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    C.   resulted in a landmark cases involving social reform
  25. Throughout history, which of the following is true of most Supreme Court justices?

    D.   They been active in public affairs or have held political office.
  26. The process by which judges attempt to figure out the meaning of particular laws passed by Congress or state legislatures is called
    a.  judicial review
    b.  legislative intent
    b.  fact determination
    d.  legitimation
    b.  legislative intent
  27. Fact discretion is most visible in

    B.   trial courts
  28. When are chances for review by the Supreme Court significantly increased

    D.   All of the above
  29. Documents submitted to the Court from interest groups and others who are not parties to the case but have a stake in its outcome are called

    D.   amici curiae briefs
  30. The United States government's lawyer before the Supreme Court is called the

    D.   solicitor general
  31. Oral argument before the Supreme Court

    C.   give the justices a chance to ask questions about the case
  32. Franklin Roosevelt's court-packing plan

    C.   was a ploy to create seats for new justices who would support the president's programs
  33. What influences the Supreme Court's decision-making?

    D. all of the above
  34. A judicial restraintist

    C.   is wary of going against the wishes of elected representatives
  35. Checks on judicial power include

    D.   all of the above
Card Set
American Government
Supreme Court and the American Judiciary