History Final

  1. What was the NRA and what did they do?
    National Recovery Administration, gave relief to the needy
  2. Three extremists: who were they and what did their views encourage Roosevelt to do?
    Long, Coughlin, and Townsend. Led Roosevelt to abandon his pro-business programs (the NRA) and stress restoring competition and taxing corporations more heavily
  3. What did the Second New Deal lead to?
    Wagner Act, NLRB, Social Security Act, REA, and Wealth Tax Act
  4. How did the New Deal act improve the lives of workers?
    Now had higher wages, shorter hours, paid vacations, insurance and unionization that enabled them to settle disputes and have a measure of job security. Fair Labor Standards Act
  5. What were FDR's "four freedoms"?
    Speech, religion, fear, want
  6. Why did Japan/US relations end and what did it lead to?
    Japan started being aggressive towards China. Felt threatened after relationships ended and planned surprise aerial raid on Pearl Harbor
  7. What was the economy like during and after the war?
    Rents, food, prices, and wages were strictly controlled, items in short supply were rationed, taxation helped prevent inflation, manufacturing output doubled and agricultural output increased, produced more airplanes and ships, no unemployment after Pearl Harbor
  8. What was the "Great lesson of WWII"?
    Better idea to focus on one front- decided to concentrate on Germans first
  9. What was the significance of aircarriers in WWII?
    They changed naval warfare and battles, American pilots were better trained, U.S. planes were tougher, inflicted losses five to six times heavier than sustained
  10. What were Stalin's views on the US?
    felt Russia isn't getting props for losing the most men in WWII, Soviets clearly resented British-American delay in opening a second front
  11. What did the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) do?
    improved the standards of living for millions by building dams, power plants, and transmission lines and selling fertilizers and electricity to individuals and local communities
  12. What were Japan's priorities?
    resources and saving face after aggression in mainland
  13. What was the lend-lease act?
    President could sell, lend, lease, exchange, or transfer war materials to any country whose defense deemed vital to that of the US
Card Set
History Final
chapter 26-28