psychology 9 chapter 7

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  1. During the elementary school years, children grow an average of __________ inches a year.
    A)2 to 3
    B)3 to 4
    C)1 to 2
    D)4 to 5
    A)2 to 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following statements regarding body growth and proportion in the elementary school years is TRUE?
    A)Children triple their strength capabilities during these years.
    B)Boys are usually stronger than girls.
    C)Children gain an average of 15 to 20 pounds per year during this period.
    D)Proportional changes are among the least pronounced in middle and late childhood.
    B)Boys are usually stronger than girls.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following statements regarding motor development in middle and late childhood is TRUE?
    A)Children gain greater control over their bodies and can sit for longer periods of time; therefore, their lives should be less activity-oriented.
    B)Boys are usually better at fine motor skills, whereas girls outperform boys at gross motor skills.
    C)Improved gross motor skills appear in the form of handwriting development.
    D)Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
    D)Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. At what age do children begin to show motor manipulative skills similar to the abilities of adults?
    A)6 years
    B)10 to 12 years
    C)7 years
    D)8 to 10 years
    B)10 to 12 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Regarding exercise and sports in middle and late childhood, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)Girls are more physically active than boys in this age group.
    B)Twenty-three percent of children between ages 9 and 13 do not engage in any free-time physical activity.
    C)Participation in sports has only positive consequences for children.
    D)Children's use of television, computers, and video games has increased their amount of physical activity.
    B)Twenty-three percent of children between ages 9 and 13 do not engage in any free-time physical activity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the most common cause of death in middle and late childhood?
    A)obesity-related diseases
    B)accidents resulting from improper use of sport equipment
    C)cancer
    D)injuries from motor vehicle accidents
    D)injuries from motor vehicle accidents
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. In childhood, obesity is more common among __________.
    A)those who exercise regularly
    B)girls
    C)boys
    D)African Americans
    B)girls
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. Of those children with disabilities receiving special education services, more than 40% have __________.
    A)speech or language impairments
    B)mental retardation
    C)a learning disability or ADHD.
    D)serious emotional disturbances
    C)a learning disability or ADHD.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Children with learning disabilities have all the following characteristics EXCEPT __________.
    A)difficulties not attributable to any other diagnosed problem
    B)mental retardation
    C)difficulties in one or more academic area
    D)normal intelligence
    B)mental retardation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. __________ is a learning disability whereby individuals have a severe impairment in their ability to read and spell.
    A)Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    B)Ritalin
    C)Dyslexia
    D)Leukemia
    C)Dyslexia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The individualized education plan (IEP) __________.
    A)is a public law describing mandates for service to children with disabilities.
    B)requires educating a student with special needs partially in a regular classroom
    C)describes a setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated.
    D)is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
    D)is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Piaget characterized the thought of children in middle and late adolescence as __________.
    A)sensorimotor
    B)concrete operational
    C)preoperational
    D)formal operational
    B)concrete operational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The activity of ordering stimuli along a quantitative dimension is best described as __________.
    A)transitivity
    B)operations
    C)classification
    D)seriation
    D)seriation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is a criticism of Piaget's theory that is supported by recent research?A)Piaget underestimated children's competence.
    B)He placed too much emphasis on culture and education.
    C)Children cannot be trained to reason at higher levels.
    D)Piaget's theory was not divided into clear-cut stages.
    A)Piaget underestimated children's competence.
  15. Mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100 yields a(n) __________.
    A)triarchic intelligence score
    B)intelligence quotient
    C)normal distribution
    D)frame of mind
    B)intelligence quotient
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Who proposed the triarchic theory of intelligence that divides intelligence into analytical, creative, and practical components?
    A)Howard Gardner
    B)Robert Sternberg
    C)David Wechsler
    D)Alfred Binet
    B)Robert Sternberg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. he majority of people who are mentally retarded experience _________ retardation.
    A)moderate
    B)profound
    C)severe
    D)mild
    D)mild
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Gifted children are typically __________.
    A)maladjusted
    B)average scorers on intelligence tests
    C)difficult to motivate
    D)precocious
    D)precocious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which educational approach involves teaching children in their native language while gradually introducing English?
    A)basic-skills-and-phonetics approach
    B)whole-language approach
    C)brainstorming
    D)bilingual education
    D)bilingual education
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. __________, which refers to knowledge about language, develops considerably during the elementary school years.
    A)Pragmatics
    B)Grammatical mastery
    C)Metalinguistic awareness
    D)Alphabetic principle
    C)Metalinguistic awareness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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245111
Card Set
psychology 9 chapter 7
Description
chapter 7
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