Social Studies Study Guide 11-4-13

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  1. What is the government of the US based on?
    The Consitution
  2. What is the Supreme Law of the Land?
    Article VI, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution, known as the Supremacy Clause, establishes the U.S. Constitution, federal statutes, and U.S. Treaties as "the supreme law of the land."
  3. What are the three branches of government?
    Judicial, Legislative, Executive
  4. What is popular sovereignty?
    the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, or elected representatives, who are the source of all political power
  5. What type of legislature was set up by the Articles of Confederation?
    One house legislature (makes laws.) Each state had 1 vote in the Congress. No executive branch. No judicial branch.  It was a limited central/federal government. States had more power. They did not want the federal government to have too much power like Britain/Parliament.
  6. Membership to the House of Reps is determined by what?
    Based on a State's population.
  7. Under the GA Const of 1777, what type of legislature was created?
    Unicameral -One house (legislature)
  8. What was the problem with the government created by the Articles of Confederation?
    Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size. Congress had not have the power to tax.  Congress did not have the power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce. There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress. There was no national court system. Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote. Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress.
  9. What is the preamble to the Const?
    The Preamble is the opening statement to the United States Constitution. The preamble explains the reasons why the Framers of the Constitution made our government a republic.
  10. What does the executive branch do?
    Enforces laws -carries out laws
  11. What were the supporters of the Const called?
  12. Membership to the Senate is determined by what?
    Each state has two Senators.
  13. Where did the Constitutional Convention take place?
  14. Why did the Constitutional Convention takes place?
    The Constitutional Convention happened for the purpose of writing a new Constitution.
  15. Was the Governor powerful under the GA Const. of 1777?
    No weak.
  16. Under the Const of 1777, which branch had the most power?
    One chamber legislature too powerful
  17. Under the Const of 1777, what power did the legislative branch have?
    This single legislative body had very broad powers, including the ability to make appointments for the judicial branch (the courts) and the executive branch (the governor).
  18. What does the Judicial Branch do?
    Interpret laws
  19. What does the Legislative Branch do?
    Makes laws
  20. What were supporters of the Const called?
  21. Under the _____, the states were strong and the national government weak.
    Articles of Confederation
  22. What were the first ten amendments to the Const called?
    Bill of Rights
  23. What do we call the power of each branch government to change some acts of the other branches?
    Checks and balances
  24. Who is considered to be the "Father of the Constitution?"
    James Madison
  25. What is a unicameral legislature?
    unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. ...
  26. When did Georgia first write a state Const?
    April 1776
  27. What are the names of the two men from Georgia who signed the Const?
    William Few and Abrahim Baldwin
  28. How long is a term for US Senators?
    6 years
  29. How long is a term for a representative in the US House of Rep?
    2 years
  30. How long is a term for the President and the Vice President of the US?
    4 years
  31. How many terms can a president serve?
    2 terms (8 years)
  32. How long is the term for a Justice on the Supreme Court?
  33. What do we call the idea that 3 branches of government are independent and no branch has more powerful than the other branches?
    separation of powers
  34. Who runs the Executive Branch of the Federal Government?
    President of the US
  35. Who runs the executive branch of the state governments?
  36. What is an amendment?
    A constitutional amendment is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state
  37. What building does the US Legislature operate from in Washington D.C.?
    The US Capitol
  38. What building does the president operate from in DC?
    The White House
  39. What are the 3 qualifications to be President?
    • Over 35 years of age
    • US Citizen
    • Lived in US for at least 14 years
  40. Both the GA Const of 1777 and the US Articles of Conf set up unicameral Legislatures.  Was this a strength or a weakness?
  41. How many Justices are on the Supreme Court (including the Chief Justice)?
  42. How many US Senators are there?
  43. How many US Reps are there?
  44. What is the name of the President?
    Barack Obama
  45. What is the name of the Vice President?
    Joseph Biden
  46. What is the name of the Chief Justice of the US?
    John Roberts
  47. What are the names of the two senators from GA?
    • Saxby Chambliss
    • Johnny Isakison
  48. The Legislature is divided into Senate and the House of Rep.  What kind of Legislature is this?
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Social Studies Study Guide 11-4-13
Social Studies Study Guide 11-4-13
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