psychology 9 chapter 10

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  1. Erikson's psychosocial stage of development for adolescents is called __________.
    A)intimacy versus isolation.
    B)identity versus identity confusion.
    C)industry versus inferiority.
    D)integrity versus despair.
    B)identity versus identity confusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. A person's spiritual beliefs are part of her/his __________ identity.
    A)vocational
    B)physical
    C)religious
    D)achievement
    C)religious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Who identified four identity statuses for adolescence?
    A)Erik Erikson
    B)James Marcia
    C)Reed Larson
    D)Jean Phinney
    B)James Marcia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In identity diffusion, crisis is __________ and commitment is __________.
    A)present; present
    B)absent; absent
    C)present; absent
    D)absent; present
    B)absent; absent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. In adolescence, individuality __________ associated with identity development, and connectedness __________ associated with identity development.
    A)is not; is
    B)is; is not
    C)is not; is not
    D)is; is
    D)is; is
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. __________ is an enduring, basic aspect of self that includes a sense of membership in a cultural group and the attitudes and feelings related to that membership.
    A)Moratorium
    B)Connectedness
    C)Ethnic identity
    D)Individuality
    C)Ethnic identity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Regarding adolescents and parents, which of these statements is TRUE?
    A)Conflict between parents and adolescents serves a positive developmental function.
    B)Attachment to parents decreases the probability that an adolescent will be socially competent.
    C)Many parents have an easy time handling the adolescent's push for autonomy.
    D)Parent–adolescent conflict increases in early adolescence and is severe.
    A)Conflict between parents and adolescents serves a positive developmental function.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Tifara has poor social skills and intellectual abilities, as well as low self-esteem. Which crowd is she likely to be a member of?A)independents
    B)populars
    C)nobodies
    D)druggies
    C)nobodies
  9. Which of the following is descriptive of adolescent groups versus children groups?A)Adolescent groups are less formal.
    B)Adolescent groups include a more restricted array of members.
    C)Adolescent groups are smaller and more intense and intimate.
    D)Adolescent groups are less mixed-gender.
    C)Adolescent groups are smaller and more intense and intimate.
  10. Regarding research examining Harry Stack Sullivan's ideas about friendship, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)Adolescents report disclosing less intimate and personal information to their friends than younger children do.
    B)Adolescents report that they depend more on parents than friends to satisfy their needs for companionship and reassurance of worth.
    C)Adolescents have a greater need for intimacy which motivates them to seek out close friends.
    D)Adolescents with superficial or no friendships have a higher sense of self-esteem than those with intimate friendships do.
    C)Adolescents have a greater need for intimacy which motivates them to seek out close friends.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is a purpose of adolescent dating?
    A)all of these
    B)setting for learning about close relationships
    C)source of status
    D)form of recreation
    A)all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. __________ is a ceremony or ritual that marks an individual's transition from one status to another.
    A)A dating script
    B)A rite of passage
    C)A cross-cultural study
    D)Cyberdating
    B)A rite of passage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Absorption is to _________, as coexistence is to __________.
    A)assimilation; assimilation
    B)pluralism; pluralism
    C)pluralism; assimilation
    D)assimilation; pluralism
    D)assimilation; pluralism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Delinquency rates are higher among all the following groups EXCEPT __________.
    A)females
    B)minorities
    C)males
    D)low socioeconomic status youth
    A)females
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Research on the impact of trying juvenile delinquents as adults in the court system has found that:
    A)adolescents who are prosecuted as adults typically receive more lenient sentences than adults who commit the same crime.
    B)adolescents receiving more lenient sentences are more likely to be rearrested than adolescents receiving harsher sentences.
    C)adolescents who are prosecuted as adults typically receive harsher sentences than adults who commit the same crime.
    D)adolescents receiving harsher sentences are more likely to be rearrested than adolescents receiving more lenient sentences.
    D)adolescents receiving harsher sentences are more likely to be rearrested than adolescents receiving more lenient sentences.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. All the following are common components in programs designed to prevent or reduce adolescent problems EXCEPT __________.
    A)financial incentives
    B)community-wide interventions
    C)individual attention to high-risk adolescents
    D)early identification and intervention
    A)financial incentives
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following statements concerning adolescent suicide in the United States is FALSE?
    A)Suicide is the third-leading cause of death in 10- to 19-year-olds.
    B)Suicide rates in adolescents have declined in recent years.
    C)Males are more likely to attempt suicide, but females are more likely to succeed in committing suicide.
    D)Suicide ideation peaks at age 15.
    C)Males are more likely to attempt suicide, but females are more likely to succeed in committing suicide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following is NOT a reason that adolescent girls consistently have a higher rate of depression than adolescent boys?

    A)Females' self-images are more negative than males.
    B)Females are more likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol.
    C)Females tend to ruminate in their depressed mood and amplify it.
    D)Puberty occurs earlier for females than for males
    B)Females are more likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Mason is highly motivated and strives to be the best at everything he does; his goal is to be valedictorian of his graduating class. What aspect of identity does this describe?A)vocational identity
    B)achievement identity
    C)political identity
    D)competitive identity
    B)achievement identity
  20. What does Erikson call the gap between childhood security and adult autonomy?
    A)psychosocial moratorium
    B)role confusion
    C)identity diffusion
    D)adjustment contemplation
    A)psychosocial moratorium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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244948
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psychology 9 chapter 10
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chapter 10
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