Unit 4 Alyssa

  1. Battle of Gettysburg
    • Robert E. Lee vs George Gordon Meade
    • 165.000 men fought, 50,000+ died
    • South had advantage, but didn't strike fast enough
    • South sent for reinforcements, but they were not enough
    • North victory
  2. Vicksburg
    • General Pemberton vs General Grant
    • North victory
    • Gained control of Mississippi River
  3. Shenandoah
    • Philip Sheridan led march in Shenandoah Valley
    • Aimed to break spirit of civilian South
    • Burned mills, barns, etc
    • Told men to leave them "nothing but their eyes to weep with"
  4. "March to the Sea"
    • Sherman abandoned supply lines after burning Atlanta
    • Led 25 day march to Savannah
    • Travelled lightly, looted when they needed supplies
    • Cut path of destruction 300 miles long, 60 miles wide
  5. Appomattox Courthouse
    • Robert E. Lee's surrender to Grant
    • Respectful and calm
    • Grant was generous with terms of surrender
  6. Wade Davis Plan
    • Lincoln's plan for reunion did not satisfy Republicans- Wanted to require a majority of white males in the state's approval instead of 1/10
    • Each southern state needed a new constitution
    • No one could vote unless they took ironclad oath promising past and future loyalty
    • Impossible for a southern state to do this for years
    • Passed through Congress, but Lincoln didn't sign
    • Offered choice between this and his plan
  7. John Wilkes Booth
    • Confederate patriot and successful actor
    • Assassinated Lincoln in Ford's Theater
    • Caught and killed, but rumored to be still alive afterward
  8. Proclamation of Amnesty
    • Lincoln's original plan for reunion
    • Granted pardon to almost all southerners
    • 1/10 of voters take oath to support constitution and abolish slavery
  9. Black Codes
    • Slaves were free, but codes strictly limited freedom
    • Could not vote, marry whites, could only be witnesses in trial involving other blacks
    • Limited to agricultural/service jobs
    • Fine for vagrancy (wandering without a job)
  10. Thaddeus Stevens
    • Radical Republican leader in House of Representatives
    • Humanitarian without humanity
    • Hated all slave owners passionately
  11. Joint Committee of Fifteen
    • Johnson was to continue lenient reunion policies
    • Congress opposed, created a joint committee to keep South out of Congress
    • Led by Thaddeus Stevens
  12. Freedmen's Bureau
    • Extended by Joint Committee of Fifteen
    • Rebuilt south after war
    • Handed out free meals to black and white refugees
    • Built hospitals, schools, colleges
    • Johnson would not sign because it would recognize power of Joint Committee
  13. Civil Rights Bills
    • Allowed federal government to interfere with states' affairs to protect civil rights
    • Johnson failed to pass because of Democratic states' rights ideals
    • Angered both moderate and radical Republicans
    • Overrode Johnson's vetoes of this and Freedmen's bureau
  14. Tenure of Office
    • President could not dismiss any public official without consent of Senate
    • Johnson thought it was unconstitutional, tried to dismiss his Secretary of War, Stanton, his political enemy
    • Gave Radicals chance to try to impeach Johnson
  15. Impeachment
    • Process for removing the president if he was convicted of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors
    • House of Representatives must impeach first, then president is tried by Senate, which must reach a 2/3 majority
    • Congress tried to impeach Johnson, but was one Senate vote short
  16. Carpetbags
    • New popular and cheap form of luggage made form scraps of used carpets
    • Used by everyone, was an easy way to spot travelers
Card Set
Unit 4 Alyssa