Bontragers - Abdomen

The flashcards below were created by user joesaflea on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Ascites
    An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  2. Transpyloric plane
    • Halfway between the jugular notch and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through the pylorus of the stomach at L1.
  3. Transtubercular plane
    • Located midway between the transpyloric plane and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through L5.
  4. Right and left lateral planes
    Located midway between the midsagittal plane and the corresponding ASIS.
  5. Exposure factors for the Abdomen
    • Meduim kVp (70-80)
    • Short exposure time
    • Adequate mAs to sufficient density
  6. Correctly exposed abdominal radiographs should faintly show...
    • lateral borders of the psoas muscles
    • lower liver margin
    • kidney outlines
    • lumbar vertebrae transverse processes
  7. Where is the centering point for a KUB?

    Select one:
    A. costal margin
    B. L1-2
    C. asis
    D. iliac crest
    D. iliac crest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What films are included in a three-way acute abdominal series?

    Select one:
    A. AP supine, PA and Lateral Chest
    B. AP supine, erect, and ventral decubitus
    C. AP supine, erect or lateral decubitus, and PA chest
    D. AP supine, and both lateral decubitus
    C. AP supine, erect or lateral decubitus, and PA chest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What landmark corresponds to the inferior margin of the abdomen?

    Select one:
    A. symphysis pubis
    B. asis
    C. ischial tuberosity
    D. greater trochanter
    A. symphysis pubis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The lower margin of the radiograph on a KUB exam should include at least the superior portion of the arch of the ___________ ____________? (what body part, two words?)

    Select one:
    A. obturator foramen
    B. transverse process
    C. symphysis pubis
    D. iliac wing
    C. symphysis pubis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Are abdominal radiographs exposed on (inspiration or expiration)?

    Select one:
    a. inspiration
    b. expiration
    b. expiration
  12. Gonadal shielding for abdominal radiography should be used for females:

    Select one:
    A. Never
    B. Only when such shields do not obsure essential anatomy
    C. Only if the patient is an adolescent
    D. All of the time
    B. Only when such shields do not obsure essential anatomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What thoracic level is the xiphoid tip at?

    Select one:
    A. T7-8
    B. T11-12
    C. L1-2
    D. T9-10
    D. T9-10
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Is there a abdominal prep (i.e., NPO, laxative, etc.) that the patient must receive prior to a single KUB abdominal radiograph?

    Select one:
    a. Yes
    b. No
    b. No
  15. How many minutes (minimum) should the patient be on his/her side prior to exposure for a lateral decubitus or upright projection?

    Select one:
    A. 10 minutes
    B. 5 minutes
    C. 1 minute
    D. 3 minutes
    B. 5 minutes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What is the kVp range for abdominal radiography?

    Select one:
    A. 60-70
    B. >90
    C. 80-90
    D. 70-80
    D. 70-80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The iliac crest is at what vertebral level?

    Select one:
    A. L3-4
    B. L1-2
    C. L4-5
    D. L2-3
    C. L4-5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which is most common, the AP or PA projection for a KUB?

    Select one:
    A. AP
    B. neither is most common
    C. PA
    A. AP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What does "KUB" stand for?

    Select one:
    A. kidney, urethragram, and bladder
    B. kidneys, urogram, and bladder
    C. kidneys, ureters, and bladder
    D. kidneys, uterus, and bladder
    C. kidneys, ureters, and bladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What is the most commonly used abdominal landmark?

    Select one:
    A. iliac crest
    B. symphysis pubis
    C. asis
    D. xiphoid tip
    A. iliac crest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. What landmark approximates the superior border of the abdomen?

    Select one:
    A. iliac crest
    B. axilla
    C. xiphoid
    D. jujular notch
    C. xiphoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Where is the centering point for an erect abdomen radiograph?

    Select one:
    a. xiphoid
    b. axilla
    c. iliac crest
    d. 1-2 inches above the iliac crest
    d. 1-2 inches above the iliac crest
  23. What films are included in a two-way acute abdominal series?

    Select one:
    A. PA chest and supine abdomen
    B. PA chest and erect abdomen
    C. AP supine and dorsal decubitus
    D. AP supine and erect or decubitus abdomen
    D. AP supine and erect or decubitus abdomen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which lateral decubitus should be taken if the patient cannot stand for an erect abdomen?

    Select one:
    a. Right Lateral Decubitus
    b. Left Lateral Decubitus
    b. Left Lateral Decubitus
  25. Should the diaphragm be visible on an erect abdominal film if a PA chest is not included in the series?

    Select one:
    a. of course not
    b. definitely
    b. definitely
  26. Should the patient be instructed to hold the breath on inspiration or expiration during an erect abdominal film.

    Select one:
    a. inspiration
    b. expiration
    c. None of the above
    b. expiration
  27. What is the error in positioning on the radiograph labeled Fig. C3-48 on p. 123 Bontrager's?


    Select one:
    A. the film does not include all of the symphysis pubis
    B. the film does not include the diaphragms
    C. the film does not include the entire pelvis
    d. all of the above
    B. the film does not include the diaphragms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which position of the abdomen would best show an aneurysm, calcification of the aorta, or umbilical hernia?
    Select one:
    A. Both C and D
    B. right or left lateral decubitus (AP projection)
    C. Both A and B
    D. right or left lateral
    E. right or left lateral decubitus (PA projection)
    F. dorsal decubitus position (right or left lateral)
    A. Both C and D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The top of the film will be approximately at the level of the ____________? (when centering for a lateral decubitus abdomen)

    Select one:
    A. costal margin
    B. xiphoid
    C. crest
    D. axilla
    D. axilla
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The costal margin is at which vertebral level?

    Select one:
    A. L2-3
    B. none are correct
    C. T9-10
    D. T7-8
    A. L2-3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Regarding this abdominal series, which radiograph would represent an erect abdomen: Image Upload 1

    Select one:
    A. B
    B. A
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A or B is correct
    A. B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. This radiograph was demonstrated in the Web review. It demonstrates a(an):
    Image Upload 2

    Select one:
    A. ascites
    B. ileus
    C. volvulus
    d. none of the above
    C. volvulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. If there was barium in the colon it would be nearly impossible to rule out a kidney stone.

    Select one:
    True
    False
    True
  34. The arrows (defined by the letter A) define the margin of what structure: Image Upload 3

    Select one:
    A. psoas muscle
    B. kidney
    C. cecum
    D. appendix
    A. psoas muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Volvulus is defined as an abnormal twisting of a segment of bowel on itself, around its longitudinal axis.

    Select one:
    True
    False
    True
  36. This position would demonstrate possible "free air". The organ that would help visualize the air would be the liver. Image Upload 4

    Select one:
    True
    False
    True
  37. The kidneys are in the peritoneal space.

    Select one:
    True
    False
    False
  38. Intraperitoneal Organs
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
    • Cecum
    • Transverse colon
    • Sigmoid colon
  39. Retroperitoneal Organs
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Adrenal glands
    • Pancreas
    • C-loop of Duodenum
    • Ascending colon
    • Descending colon
    • Upper rectum
    • Aorta
    • Inferior vena ceva
  40. Infraperitoneal (Pelvic) Organs
    • Lower rectum
    • Urinary bladder
    • Reproductive organs (Females)
  41. RUQ organs
    • Liver
    • Gallblader
    • Right colic (hepatic) flexure
    • Duodenum
    • Head of Pancreas
    • Right kidney
    • Right suprarenal gland
  42. LUQ organs
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Left colic (splenic) flexure
    • Tail of Pancreas
    • Left kidney
    • Left suprarenal gland
  43. RLQ organs
    • Ascending colon
    • Appendix (vermiform)
    • Cecum
    • 2/3 of ileum
    • ileocecal valve
  44. LLQ organs
    • Descending colon
    • Sigmoid colon
    • 2/3 of jejunum
  45. Nine Abdominal Regions
    • Right hypochondriac // Epigastric // Left hypochondriac
    • Right lateral (lumbar) // Umbilical // Left lateral (lumbar)
    • Right inguinal (iliac) // Pubic (hypogastric) // Left inguinal (iliac)
  46. Mechanical obstructions (dynamic - with force)
    • Fibrous Adhesions - scar tissue from surgery
    • Intussuception - telescoping bowel
    • Volvulus - bowel twisting on itself.
  47. Non-mechanical obstructions (Adynamic - without power)
    • Peritonitus - inflammation of peritoneum
    • Paralytic ileus - Lack of intestinal motility
Author
ID
242969
Card Set
Bontragers - Abdomen
Description
Bontragers - Abdomen
Updated
Show Answers