Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 12 Vocabulary

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  1. Amniocenteses-
    Test for the presence of genetic defects in which a needle is used to withdraw a small amount of amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus.
  2. Anencephalic-
    When a baby is missing his or her brain and spinal cord.
  3. Artificial insemination-
    The injection of seminal fluid that contains male sperm into the female's vagina from her husband, partner, or donor by some means other than sexual intercourse.
  4. Artificial insemination donor (AID)-
    The Procedure in which a donor's sperm is used.
  5. Artificial insemination husband (AIH)-
    Procedure in which sperm from the woman's husband or partner is used.
  6. Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act-
    Prevents the withholding of medical treatment solely because an infant is disabled
  7. Contraception-
    The use of birth control.
  8. Embryo-
    An unborn child between the second and twelfth week after conception.
  9. Eugenic (involuntary) sterilization-
    The sterilization of people in order to prevent them from passing on defective genes to their children.
  10. Eugenics-
    The studies for controlling certain characteristics in offspring.
  11. Fetus-
    An unborn child that develops from the third month after conception until birth.
  12. Gestational period-
    The span of time during which the fetus is developing; usually nine months.
  13. Harvested-
    Removing of Embryo’s, commonly done when there is a large multiple pregnancy predicted.
  14. Induced abortion-
    Decision based abortion caused by artificial means such as medications or surgical procedures.
  15. In-vitro fertilization (IVF)-
    Process of combining ovum and sperm outside of a woman's body, usually on a Petri dish.
  16. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)-
    Genetic testing on embryos for genes that cause untreatable or severe diseases.
  17. Safe Haven Laws-
    Laws that provide a safe alternative to leaving babies in unsafe places by voluntarily giving up custody.
  18. Spontaneous abortion-
    Natural termination of pregnancy that occurs before the fetus is viable.
  19. Sterilization-
    The process of medically terminating the ability to produce offspring.
  20. Surrogate mother-
    A woman who agrees to bear a child for another couple. The husband's sperm is implanted into this woman's uterus.
  21. Therapeutic sterilization-
    Sterilization undertaken to save the mother's life or protect her health.
  22. Unborn Victims of Violence Act-
    Law that provides legal penalties for any harm done to an unborn child at federal facilities or in crimes that cross state lines.
  23. Viable-
    In terms of a fetus or infant: an infant’s ability to survive outside of the uterus.
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Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Vocabulary on the Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 12
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