Educ 333 Vocabulary

  1. 1. Top Down Processing
    the belief that comprehension occurs primarily through the schemata in our heads, not through printed material on the page
  2. 2. Accommodation
    most important compontet of learning that occurs when we confront the information that is radically new or radically diffrent information fom our pre-existing schema consequently we are required to substantially change our pre-existingschemata to accommodate the new information
  3. 3. Cognitive dissonance
    Whenever an organism fails to learn something or to solve a problem after trying out both assimilation and ecspecially accommodation it leavesthe state of equilibream and enters the state of cognitive discordance a type of cerebral disorientation which can be resolved when we successfullysolved our problem and renter the state of equilibrium
  4. 4. Pior Knowledge
    This means the same thing as our schema, life experiences (direct and vicarious ) or degree of familiarity with a topic
  5. 5. Level of independent performances
    A vygotsyIan term that means the highest mastery level of something that you can learn on your own without help
  6. 6. scientific concepts
    a vygotskyian term that refers to concepts that have been transformed to higher abstract levels of understanding
  7. 7. spontaneous concepts
    a vygotskyian term that refers to all of your knowledge about something that has been gained through direct experiences in the real world using all five senses. at this point thee schemata have not been formalized or rendered abstract as typically found in an academic/school setting
  8. 8. SQ3R
    a generic study strategyy having 5 componets: S = survey, Q = question, R =read R= recite R= review
  9. 9. full inclusion
    disabled students are involved in age-appropriate general education settings in our neighborhood schools during the entire day
  10. 10. social collaborative strategies
    cooperative learning strategies or small group learning sraegies
  11. 11. divergent thinking
    going in more then 1 directtion
  12. 12. email
    a way of electronically sending a letter through the internet
  13. 13. norms
    represents avg. sore of a sampling of students selected for testing according to factors such as age sex race grade or socioeconomic status
  14. 14. grade-equivalent scores
    provides info about reading test performance as it relates to students at various grade levels
  15. 15. valdity
    tells if the test is measuring whats its purpose is to measure
  16. 16. holistic scoring rubric
    provides a list of criteria that corresponds to a particular grade/point value
  17. 17. close procedure
    a method by which you systematically delete words from a test passage and then evaluate students abilities to accurately supply the deleted words
  18. 18. interdisciplinary units/thematic units
    using a wide range of text
  19. 19. reciprocal teaching
    mode usinng 4 comprehension activites (generating questions, summarizing, predicting, and clarifying ) while leading a diologue (students take turns assuming the teachers rol)
  20. 20. right there question
    the answer is in the text
  21. 21. think and search questions
    the answer is in the text almost word for word
  22. 22. literal comprehension
    getting info explicitly from the text
  23. 23. interpretive comprehension level
    putting together info perceiving relationships and making inferences
  24. 24. applied comprehension level
    using info to express opinions and form new ideas
  25. 25. three level reading guide
    provides frame work in which students can interact with difficult text at different levels of comprehension
  26. 26. typographic clues
    provides a clear-cut connection and direct reference to an unknown word
  27. 27. learning logs
    students keep an on going record of learning as it happens in a note book or loose leaf binder
  28. 28. internal test structure
    reflected by the interrelationships among ideas in the text as well by the subordination of some ideas to others
  29. 29. critical note
    captures the readers reaction or response to the authors thesis
  30. 30. convergent thinking
    2 or more things are coming to the common point
  31. 31. public law 194-42
    in congress passed this education for all handicapped children act in 1975 which significantly changed the place meant of disabled students in america
  32. 32. rewriting
    one of the writing stages where by you write a second or 3rd draft of a paper in clarify meaning
  33. 33. post writing
    another writing stage where you get an opportunity to go public with your paper (reading in class, posting on ect)
  34. 34. lateral transfer
    the successful transfer of knowledge from one task to another that is essentially vary similar to the original task
  35. 35. naturalistic assessment
    this is authentic assessment or informal assessment such as portfolios; it is not formal assessment or standardized in nature such as the act leap sat ect
  36. 36. reflective discussions
    these are discussions that held in order to think back over what has been covered and understood, and thee determining what you have derived from such understanding or judging the impact such understandings have on you
  37. 37. story grammar
    this is set of rules used to compose or to structure a short story, novel, tragedy, comedy ect. actually there are several story grammars available for composing stories. it is also this grammar that functions as a road map for constructing stories
  38. 38. interlocking guide
    these are study guides that employ roman numerals I, II, III for understanding expository passages. each of these 3 levels focus on only one topic comprehension level material, namely literal, interpretive inferential and applied, respectively.
  39. 39. top-level structures
    these are the 5 major text structures/org/patterns for composing expository passages: description, sequence, comparison and contrast cause and effect, problem-solution these constitute what is also known as internal test structure ie. a hierarchal structuring or exposition
  40. 40. special vocabulary:
    a type of vocabulary that assigns special meaning to words found in our general vocabulary e.g. quotient means division for a secondary math teacher
  41. 41. act of joining
    when doing vocabulary exercises that focus on a specific word one indulges in cognitive processes that rely on combining associations that refer to particular word-synomys, ect
  42. 42. face validity
    technically this not really validity unlike say content validity concurrent validity or predictive validity. suffice it to this so called type of validity amounts to your guy level feelings reaguarding how you feel aobut data analysis
  43. 43. analytical thinking
    a type of thinking that entails comparing and contrasting analyzing evaluating critiquing
  44. 44. creative thinking
    a typeof thing that entails creating inventing imagining designing
  45. 45. practical thinking
    type of thinking that entails applying implementing utilizing demonstrating
  46. 46. think time
    when asking questions allow students at least 10 secs in order to have ample time to response this practice produces superior results when compared to allowing students perhaps 2-3 seconds only for responding questions
  47. 47. formative evaluation
    the type of evaluation is ongoing while students is writting essay
  48. summative evaluation
    this type of evaluation occurs  AFTER the essay has been written and there is no longer time or room forr comments or feedback. In essence the essayis no being graded
  49. contextually important information
    information deemed important by the reader
  50. textuallly important information
    information deemed important by the aurthor
  51. cognittive strategies
    a varity of plans/actvities students use for the acquistion, retention, and reteval of numerous types of knowledge and preformancee
  52. schema selection
    this is hen a reader has schemata on a topic; however for a variety of reasons he/she is unable to select or activate these schemata which he/she already possess
  53. functional litteracy
    a funtional litercy approach method used to teacch people how to read well enough to functtion in a complex society
  54. illteracy
    unablee to read or write
  55. scripturally based
    readers are able to answer this tpe of question onlyif they possess the requisite schemata
  56. textually explicit
    litteral comprehensoin information; answers tapping such questions are found in one sentence in one or few words or in two sentencesin the text or as a pronoun referet stuation in the text; alsorefferred toas TE
  57. textually implicit
    interpretive/inferential info; answers tap such questions are found in 2+ sentences in test (TI)
  58. metacongnition/metacongitive strategies
    thinking about thinking/comprehension monitoring strategies
  59. monoculture
    a single homogeneous culture without diversity or dissension
  60. Computer assisted instruction CAI
    instructional computers are basicallyused in one of two ways;either to provide a straightforard presentation of data or fill a tutorial role that the student is tested on comprehesion
  61. World Wide Web
    commonly know as web is systemof interlinked hypertest documment accesssed via internet
  62. connecctive/ties
    english supplies us with useful linking words called connecttives which form logiccal bridges bw ideas.They provide glue to bind your sentences together
  63. hyperlinks
    a word,group of words or image that you can click on tojump to a new document or new section whithin the current doc.
  64. cyber space
    see internet
Card Set
Educ 333 Vocabulary
vocabulary for educ 333