Anti-Structure and the Gothic Formula - Anth

  1. structure
    • institutional organizations within society
    • composition and combinations of the elements of knowledge
    • the sequence of events in a folktale
    • behaviour that conforms to societal norms
  2. anti-structure
    • institutionalized liminal statuses on society's margins
    • emergent institutions that challenge society's structure
    • behaviour that mocks/inverts codes of behaviour (often in socially sanctioned ritual experiences)
  3. purity and pollution
    binary opposition of life-enhancing structure and life-diminishing anti-structure
  4. intentions of ritual
    • separate one from everyday life
    • dissolve one’s social status,
    • transform the individual, and then
    • return him or her to everyday life transformed in some way (new status, refreshed, reaffirmed, etc.)
  5. Separation
    the stage of a ritual during which individuals are removed from their community or status
  6. Liminality
    • a ritual phase or permanent condition of marginality in which many of the structures and classifications imposed by social institutions are dissolved
    • the stage of a ritual in which one has passed out of an old status but not yet entered a new one
    • altered state of consciousness
  7. Communitas
    • the perceived state of oneness an individual experiences upon entering with others into a liminal phase or condition
    • perceived solidarity, equality, and unity among people
  8. Reincorporation
    the stage of a ritual during which a participant is returned to his or her community with a new status
  9. Romanticism
    • an 18th and 19th Century reaction in Europe against neoclassicism and rationalism
    • values nature, emotion, and imagination
    • given expression through the use of symbol and myth
    • what lies beyond life and the mysterious dark
  10. graveyard poetry
    • Imagery of death
    • The afterlife
    • The surreal or preternatural
Graveyard imagery/funeral imagery
Passionate/dramatic language
Symbolism of death and the afterlife
    • Melancholic mood
  11. gothic
    • (lit.) refers to a dark story often containing elements of suspense or the paranormal
    • a critique of society bereft of a life-enhancing dynamic
    • creates and explores psychological tension
  12. terror
    extreme rational fear of some accepted form of reality where the nature of the danger is clear
  13. horror
    • an extreme irrational fear of the utterly unnatural or the “supernatural.”
    • the feeling of dread and anticipation occurs before something frightening is experience
  14. Gothic substitutions
    • terror for love
    • death for sexuality
    • dream and imagination for reason
  15. Gothic transformations
    • happy homes to houses of ruin
    • nobel minds to minds in ruin
    • sanity to madness
    • normal time to time distorted
    • security of relationship to fear of abandonment
    • engagement in life to obsession
    • justice to revenge
  16. Jack the Ripper
    • salient because of economic uncertainty, heightened class tension, and police ineptitude of the time
    • suspected immigrants, Prince Albert, mental institution escape
  17. urban legends
    • a form of folklore that consists of friend-of-a friend stories that may or may not be based in actual event, but are told AS IF they are.
    • As cautionary tales, urban legends give expression to what is expected to happen (but generally never does)
  18. horror films
    • industry success depends on appealing to the folk
    • speak symbolically to our fearful expectations about the future
Card Set
Anti-Structure and the Gothic Formula - Anth
reversal of the themes that normally go into narratives and life