Exam 2 music 1306

  1. The Baroque era
    exaggerated, abnormal, bizarre 1600-1750
  2. monody
    Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment.
  3. Camerata
    A group of nobles, poets, and composers who prepared the way for the beginning of opera.
  4. Figured Bass
    Bass part of the Baroque accompaniment with figures (numbers) indicating the chords to be played.
  5. Basso Continuo
    baroque accompaniment made up of a bass part usually played by two instruments a keyboard plus a low melodic instrument
  6. Equal Temperament
    A system of slightly adjusting the tuning of intervals within the octave, thus making it possible to play in every major and minor key.
  7. Doctrine of Affections
    the theory that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions, or affections, of the listener
  8. Castrato
    Male singer castrated before puberty to retain a high voice range; the most important category of vocal soloists in opera during the baroque period. 
  9. opera
    Drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment, usually a large-scale composition employing vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery
  10. Recitative 
    musically heightened speech, often used in an opera, oratorio, or cantata to report dramatic action and advance the plot
  11. Secco recitative
    Speechlike melody that is sung by a solo voice accompanied only by a basso continuo.
  12. accompagnato
    accompanied by orchestra
  13. aria
    operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
  14. da capo aria
    an aria in ABA form
  15. Overture
    an introductory movement, usually for orchestra, that precedes an opera, oratorio, or dance suite
  16. Sinfonias
    Short orchestral work, found in Baroque opera, to facilitate scene changes.
  17. Libretto
    Text of an opera.
  18. Librettist
    Dramatist who writes the libretto, or text, of an opera.
  19. masque
    lavish, spectacular court entertainment primarily during the late English Renaissance (early Baroque)
  20. hornpipe
    a dance form associated with sailors 
  21. Ground Bass
    a repeating melody, usually in the bass, throughout a vocal or instrumental composition
  22. Church Cantata
    a multi–movement sacred work including arias, ariosos, and recitatives performed by vocal soloists, and chorus, and a small accompanying orchestra; became the musical core of the Sunday service of the Lutheran church
  23. Choral
    hymn tune sung to German religious text
  24. Oratorio
    Large-scale dramatic genre originating in the Baroque, based on a text or religious or serious character, performed by solo voices, chorus, and orchestra; similar to opera but without scenery, costumes, or action.
  25. Suite
    Set of dance-inspired movements
  26. Barbara Strozzi
    • A rare female composer during the early 17th century.
    • Because of her more aristocratic standing, she would not perform in
    • public and was supported by her father financially. This allowed her to
    • avoid the restrictions many of her contemporaries had. She published
    • more cantatas than any other composer of the time.
  27. Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
    • Italian
    • -one of the most important composers of early baroque period
    • -created earliest decent opera (Orfeo)
    • -all his music is for voice
  28. Sumer is icumin in
    • -genre: round
    • -one of the earliest examples of polyphony from England
    • -secular function: celebrate arrival of summer
    • -6 male voices, a capella
  29. a capella
    without instrumental accompaniment
  30. a capella
    without instrumental accompaniment
  31. Cantus firmus
    • Latin “fixed melody”; An existing melody, often taken from a Gregorian
    • chant, on which a new polyphonic work is based; used especially for
    • melodies presented in long notes.
  32. Vernacular
    everyday language of people in a region or country
  33. Reformation
    A 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority.
  34. Josquin des Prez (1440-1521)
    • -wrote Ave Maria...Virgo Serena
    • -wrote masses, motets, and secular vocal
    • pieces
    • -Flemish (born in Hainaut province, now part of
    • Belgium)-considered a master of Renaissance music
  35. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)
    • -Italian wrote for Catholic church only
    • -important composer during the counter-reformation
    • -wrote Pope Marcellus Mass
  36. Ordinary Mass ◦ Kyrie
    • 1. Gloria
    • 2. Credo
    • 3. Sanctus
    • ◦ Agnus Dei
  37. What are parts of the Proper of the Mass?
    Communion, Introit, Gradual, Alleluia & Offertory
  38. Madrigal
    pastoral song; song for several singers with- out instruments
  39. Pavane
    Slow, gliding Renaissance dance in duple meter performed by couples holding hands
  40. Saltarello
    fast triple meter dance; Italian
  41. A Ronde
    a round dance
  42. Jacques Arcdelt.
    composer, highly influential in the development of the italian madrigal
  43. John Farmer
    English madrigalist who composed "Fair Phyllis"
  44. Plainchant
    monophonic vocal music in the medieval church designed to project religious chants
  45. Antiphonal
    Musical form of chanting in which one side of the choir responds to the other.
  46. Congregational Singing
    CommunitasOral tradition Lead by individual or small group Repetitive text, call and response, improvisation
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Exam 2 music 1306