Non specific response of the body to any demand made.
Positive - EUStress
Wanted by the performer to text their ability, and provides an adrenaline rush.
- + Can enhance performance
- + Can boost conifdence levels
Negative - Anxiety
Can lead to over arousal, hindering performance
Can be cognitive or somatic anxiety
Performers will experience lack of concentration, feelings of apprehension and failure.
Performers suffer from sweating, muscle tension, nausea and increase HR.
Causes of stress
- .Nature of the game
- .Fear of injury
- .Importance of event.
- .Status of opposition
- .Extrinsic rewards
- .Nature of the crowd
Hans Selye(1956) Theory
Suggested what ever the stressor, everyone goes through a physiological reaction.
Alarmed reaction stage
- .Stressor occurs
- .Sympathetic Branch activated
- .Causes fight or flight
Homeostasis - resists the effect of the sympathetic nervous system
- If homeostasis can not be achieved this will cause:
- .Heart diseases
- .Stomach ulcers
- .High blood pressure
3 Additional types of anxiety
- Trait anxiety
- State anxiety
- Competitive trait anxiety
Individuals personality varies in sitatuions
Occurs in particular situations and can change through out an activity
Competitive trait anxiety
When the performer perceives a competitive situation as threatening, responding with feelings of apprehension and tension.
3 Measurements of stress levels
- Bio Feedback
- Self response questionnaires
Individual: Fidgeting, change of speech
Aspects of performance: accuracy and reactions
Physiological changes: Hr, muscles responses, respiration rate and sweat production.