Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 10

  1. Clearing House
    - Entity that processes the processing of nonstandard electronic transactions into HIPAA transactions.
  2. Covered Entities
    - Service organizations that are covered by HIPAA.
  3. Covered Transactions
    - Types of electronic transactions for the transmission of healthcare information that are mandated under HIPAA regulations.
  4. De-identifying
    - Removing descriptive information about the patient.
  5. Employer Identification Number
    - Standard code number for electronic transmissions.
  6. Employer Identifier Standard
    - Standard where healthcare employees must use universal identification number in order to prevent confusion between healthcare providers.
  7. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
    - Law that regulates the privacy of patient health information.
  8. Healthcare Integrity and Protection Data Bank (HIPDB)
    - National data bank that collects reports and disclosures of actions taken against healthcare practitioners, providers, and vendors for noncompliance and fraudulent activities.
  9. Healthcare plan
    - A plan that provides or pays for medical care.
  10. HIPAA
    - defined permission- Areas which permission must be granted in order to use or disclose patient health information.
  11. Medical informatics
    - Application of communication to medical practice, research and education.
  12. Minimum necessary standard
    - A minimum effort that a healthcare provider must make when attempting to limit disclosure of patient information.
  13. Notice of Privacy Practices (NPP)
    • - Written statement which details the provider’s
    • privacy practices.
  14. Office of Civil Rights (OCR)
    • - Committee organized to regulate civil rights of citizens.
    • Permission- Granted access to an action or to information.
  15. Privacy Rule
    - Ensures the standardization of electronic patient health records, unique identifying codes for all healthcare providers, security of electronic health information with standards protecting the confidentiality of patients.
  16. Protected Health Information (PHI)
    - Any individually identifiable information that relates to all past, present and future physical or mental conditions or the provision of healthcare to an individual.
  17. Sanctions
    - Fines or penalties for breaking laws, in this case HIPAA.
  18. State’s preemption
    - Situations where state laws override the authority of the HIPAA regulations.
  19. Telemedicine
    - Use of modern communication and information technologies to provide healthcare services to people at a distance.
  20. Treatment, payment, and healthcare operations (TPO)
    - Indicates a healthcare provider is qualified to provide care or treatment.
  21. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)
    - Networks used by physicians and nurses in order to pool observations and data onto a single database.
Card Set
Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 10