Am Htg Midterm Ch 2

  1. corporate communities
    colonial settlements established for economic or financial purposes by various companies
  2. indentured servitude
    land owners would pay the passage of those willing to come to the colonies in exchange for and agreed-upon term of service, after which the indentured servant was released
  3. covenant communities
    settlements based on moral or religious values
  4. pilgrims
    small congregation of separatists seeking to distance themselves, physically and spiritually, from the Church of England by emigrating to New England
  5. puritans
    British religious emigrants who wanted to reform the Church of England rather than sever all ties with it
  6. God's elect
    From John Calvin's predestination theology, the doctrine that God has already chosen those who will be saved
  7. the Christian calling
    John Calvin's theology, people should pursue a calling in some sort of worldly work where they are to rise early in the morning, work hard, save their money, and invest it wisely, prosperity indicates God's approval
  8. moral self-governance
    puritan ideal that all must live a righteous life largely on their own, with each man being responsible for his own actions and those of his family, with an eye on his neighbor as well
  9. "city upon a hill"
    biblical ideal, John Winthrop, society governed by civil liberty, where people only did that which was just and good, that would be an example to the world
  10. natural liberty
    where men are free to do what they please, without regard for the moral value of their actions
  11. civil liberty
    according to John Winthrop, "where men were free to do only that which is good, just, and honest"
  12. Christopher Columbus
    Genosese mariner who discovered the Americas while searching for a new trade route to India
  13. John Rolfe
    Virginia colonist who pioneered the cultivation of tobacco as a profitable agricultural enterprise, married Pocahontas in 1614
  14. Robert Brown
    Writer and proponent of the separatist movement that demanded separation from the Church of England, writings inspired groups such as the pilgrims to emigrate to America for religious freedom
  15. John Calvin
    French theologian during the Protestant Reformation who greatly influenced puritan beliefs, taught the bible was the final authority for matters of faith and that salvation came through grace only (not works), taught the doctrine of predestination
  16. John Winthrop
    electe governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony before their departure from England, re-elected many times, known for sermon "A Model of Christian Charity" - stated the puritan colony would be a "city upon a hill"
  17. What is a "founding myth" and what are some examples? How are we influenced today by these myths?
  18. How does the Human Predicament apple to the corporate and covenant communities?
  19. How did Jamestown self-govern? How did the Puritans self-govern?
  20. What are some of the main points of John Calvin's theology?
  21. What aspects of corporate and covenant communities are seen in society today?
Card Set
Am Htg Midterm Ch 2
am htg midterm ch 2 vocab, people, and review questions