Skeletal System - MassagePrep

  1. Which of the following is stored in bone tissue, supplying 99% of the body's needs for this element?
    A) Calcium
  2. Which cells are bone forming cells?

    B) Osteoblasts
  3. How do you define synarthrosis joints?

    • C) Fibrous - no movement
    • *synarthoses joints are rigid joints
  4. What is the function of spongy bone?

    C) Shock absorber
  5. Compact bone in adults contain a system of interconnecting canals. What is this system called?

    C) Haversian

    Note: A matrix is a compact bone, that is organized into numerous structural units is called osteons or Haversian system
  6. Which of the following is the tissue that provides the binding of ligaments to bone?

    A) Periosteum

    note: the tough sheath of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the bone surface and provides the binding of ligament to bone
  7. How do you define amphiathroses joints?

    D) Slightly immovable

    note: such as bodies of the vertebrae
  8. *Give an example of synarthrosis joint?
    note: No movement
    A) Knee joints
    B) Sutures in the skull
    C) Sternoclavicular
    D) All of the above
  9. Define diarthroses joints?

    A) Synovial joint
  10. Wich of the following is a characteristic of compact bone?

    A) High tensile and compression strength
  11. What does the medullary cavity of a bone contain

    C) Yellow bone marrow
  12. What does a tendon bind to a bone?

    A) Muscle
  13. Give an example of an amphiarthrosis joint?

    C) Pubis symphysis
  14. From what structure in a synovial joint is synovial fluid secreted?

    A) Synovial membrane
  15. *Which of the following is a function of synovial fluid?

    A) Supply nutrients to the joints
    B) Remove metabolic wastes from the articular cartilage
    C) Reduce friction
    D) All of the options
  16. What is saclike structure that is found around or near some joints and act like a cushion?

    D) Bursae
  17. What is another name for an amphiarthrosis joint?

    B) Cartilaginous
  18. What are the paces in the spongy bone filled with?

    D) Red bone marrow
  19. What are osteoclast?

    C) Bone-destroying cells
  20. Injury to the phalanges could interfere with which of the following activities?

    D) All of the options
  21. What is the name for the main shaft of a long bone?

    D) Diaphysis
  22. At what point is the pectoral girdle attached to the axial skeleton?

    D) Sternoclavicular joint
  23. What connects muscle to bone?

    • B) Tendon
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  24. In which section on the spinal column does the greatest amount of rotation occur?

    C) Cervical
  25. What is the first vertebra of the spinal column?

    C) Atlas
  26. Which bone is the medial malleolus part of?

    • B) Tibia
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  27. Which of the following is not a function of the periosteum?

    A) Growth of bone length

    per·i·os·te·um: a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints.
  28. Where would you find the carpus?

    • A) Wrist
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  29. Name a kind of slippery substance that lies inside the joint capsule?

    C) Synovial fluid
  30. How many phalanges are there in both hands combines?

    • C) Twenty-eight
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  31. Which of the following vertebrae does not have a spinous process?

    C) C-1 (Atlas)

    The spinous process of a vertebra is directed backward and downward from the junction of the laminae , and serves for the attachment of muscles and ligaments.
  32. Which of these groupings include only cranial bones?

    • A) Ethmoid, sphenoid, temporal
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  33. Which of the following parts of the vertebral column has the least movement?

    C) S1-S5 (Sacrum)
  34. Which are hinge joints?

    A) Tibiofemoral

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    • Glenohumeral - shoulder
  35. What type of bone is the axis?

    A) Cervical bone
  36. Which is not part of the cranium?

    A) Scaphoid

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  37. At which joint will you find the two moon-shaped menisci or two semilunar cartilages?

    • D) Knee
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  38. Which bone is the acromion process part of?

    C) Scapula

    • The acromion process, or simply the acromion Greek: akros, "highest", ōmos, "shoulder"), on the shoulder blade (scapula), together with the coracoid process extending laterally over the shoulder joint
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  39. What is characteristic of sesamoid bone?

    D) All of the options
  40. What is the primary function of a ligament?

    D) Stabilize a joint
  41. Where is the least amount of movement in the spine?

    A) T4-T6
  42. Which part of the tibia is not covered by muscle?

    B) Anteromedial

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  43. Which of the following bony landmarks best assists in locating the brachial plexus?

    C) Clavicle

    • brachial plexus: a network of nerves formed by cervical and thoracic spinal nerves and supplying the arm and parts of the shoulder
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  44. Where would you find a turbinate?

    A) Nose
  45. Palpation of which bony landmark helps locate the ulnar nerve? 

    D) Medial epicondyle of the humerus

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  46. With which two carpal bones does the distal radius articulate? 

    • D) Lunate and scaphoid
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  47. What is the name of the bony structure that is at the proximal and posterior ulna and is generally called the elbow?

    A) Olecranon process

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  48. In the Western anatomical position, which of the following bones is relatively superior?

    A) Clavicle
  49. Which one is an example of a saddle joint?

    • C) Carpometacarpal joint at the thumb
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  50. Where does the axial skeleton articulate with the appendicular skeleton?

    • B) Sternoclavicular joint
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  51. Repeated mechanical strain on a bone can cause a crack. What is this called?

    B) Incomplete or partial fracture
  52. Which set of bones represents the tarsal group?

    • C) Cuneiform, cuboid, and talus
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  53. Which of the following bones types has medullary cavity?

    B) Long

    • medullary cavity:The medullary cavity (medulla, innermost part) is the central cavity of bone shafts where red bone marrow and/or yellow bone marrow (adipose tissue) is stored (which is why medullary cavity is also known as marrow cavity)
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  54. The lateral malleolus is part of which of the following bones?

    A) Fibula

    • Malleolus is the name for the bony prominence on each side of the ankle.
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  55. On which bony prominence does one sit?

    • C) Ischial tuberosity
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    ileum : is the final section of the small intestine in most higher
  56. Where can you find the lumbricals

    A) Hands and feet

    lumbricals are intrinsic muscles of the hand that flex the metacarpophalangeal joints and extend the interphalangeal joints
  57. Which of the following is part of the foot?

    D) Phalanges
  58. What does the talocrural joint (ankle joint) consist of?

    C) Tibia, fibula, talus

    • The main bones of the ankle region are the talus (in the foot), and the tibia and fibula
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  59. Where does the scapula articulate with the humerus?

    D) Glenohumeral joint

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  60. What two bones articulate with the clavicle

    B) Sternum and scapula
  61. Does the fibula articulate with the femur
    A) Yes
    B) No
    B) No
Card Set
Skeletal System - MassagePrep
Skeletal System - MassagePrep