canine and feline section 3

  1. what does CVRD stand for
    Canine viral respiratory disease
  2. what are the two types of canine adenovirus infection
    • infectious canine hepatitis (ICH)
    • canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV 2)
  3. what does ICH stand for
    infectious canine hepatitis
  4. what is the etiology for ich
    canine adenovirus type 1
  5. what is the attack location for ich
    parenchymal cells of the liver
  6. why do we vaccinate for CAV-2 and not CAV-1
    • cav-2 vaccine will protect against cav-1
    • cav -2 will not cause corneal edema (blue eyes) like cav-1 vaccine will
  7. what is the attack location for cav-2
  8. what are the signs for ICH
    • congestion of mucus membranes
    • severe depression
    • marked leukopenia
    • prolonged bleeding (main)
  9. with ICH by 10 days postinfection where can the virus be found
    only found in the kidneys and urine
  10. how is ICH spread
    excreted in the urine for at least 6-9 months
  11. what are the side effects of CAV-1 vaccination
    • anterior uveitis
    • corneal edema (same thing?)
  12. what are the three layers of the eye
    • sclera - white part
    • cornea - transparent window
    • iris - colored part
  13. what are the four primary causes of tracheal bronchitis
    • canine adenovirus type 2
    • canine parainfluenza virus
    • canine corona virus
    • bordetella bronticeptica
  14. what does CACH stand for
    canine acidophil cell hepatitis
  15. what is the main symptom for CAV-2
    paroxysmal cough (goose honk, sounds like a bone caught in its throat)
  16. what does CpiV2 (formally SV-5) stand for
    canine parainfluenza virus
  17. what is the etiology for cpiv2
    parainfluenza virus
  18. what is the attack site for cpiv2
    epithelium of respiratory tract
  19. what should clients be told about trachobronchitis/laryngotracheitis
    • self limiting (2-3 weeks)
    • treatment is to treat symptoms
    • no exercise (2-3 weeks)
    • vaccinate should be given 2-3 weeks prior to boarding
  20. what type of vaccine should be used on puppies to stimulate bordetella resistance
    nasal at first then follow with parenteral injections
  21. what is the newest terminology for Upper and lower respiratory infections
    • infectious Tracheobronchitis (ITB) - upper
    • infectious laryngotracheitis - lower
  22. what is considered a infectious tracheobronchitis
    • canine parainfluenza virus (cpiv - 2)
    • Bordetella bronchiseptica
  23. what is considered infectious laryngotracheitis
    • canine adenovirus type 2
    • canine adenovirus type 1 (canine herpes virus)
  24. how can puppeis contact canine herpesvirus (CHV)
    • inutero
    • passage through the birth canal
    • contact with infected litter mates
    • oronasal (mouth/nose) secretions of the dam
    • fomites
  25. what causes whooping cough in people
    Bordetella pertusus
  26. what does nasal vaccine for Bordetella bronchisceptica produce
    IgA - this prevents attachment of Bb to the mucous layer of nasal, pharynx and trachea
  27. what does a parenteral injection for Bordetella bronchisceptica produce
    IgG response
  28. what are some symptoms for rabies that RVT's should look for
    • hypersalivation on dental checks
    • leg paralysis
    • change in voice
    • change in attitude
  29. how does rabies spread
    through saliva and may enter the body through ope wounds or bites
  30. where did rabies originate from
  31. where was the first case of rabies reported
    Virginia in 1753
  32. who created the rabies "treatment"
    • Louis Pasteur
    • Sir Alfred Jenner
  33. what is the old name for rabies
  34. what animal is resistant to rabies
  35. what is the etiology for rabies genus and family
    • Genus - Lyssavirus
    • Family - Rhabdoviridae
  36. in the U.S. what are the primary carriers for rabies
    • skunks
    • bats
    • raccoons (primary)
    • foxes
    • coyotes
  37. in Texas what are the two primary carriers for rabies
    • skunks
    • bats
  38. in harris county what are the primary carriers for rabies
  39. how is rabies named (canine rabies)
    • the name of the species acting as the reservoir as an adjective.
    • dog bites dog = canine rabies
    • fox bites dog = fox rabies
    • skunk bites dog = skunk rabies
  40. what program was implemented to help with rabies in wildlife
    the oral rabies vaccination program
  41. why is rabies more common in cats then dogs
    • more cats held as pets
    • small portion of cats are vaccinated compared to dogs
  42. when is bat season
    later summer and early fall
  43. what are the three stages/clinical forms of rabies
    • prodromal stage
    • excitative (furious/dumb) stage
    • paralytic stage
  44. this type of rabies is characterized by changes in behavior and is considered the greatest risk of exposure for people
    prodromal stage
  45. in this stage of rabies the animal may appear hyperactive and attack inanimate object.
    excitative stage (dumb/furious)
  46. in this stage of rabies the animal experiences paralysis of the hind limbs eventually leading to respiratory paralysis and death
    paralytic stage
  47. which rabies stages have a descending paralysis
    • prodromal stage
    • excitative stage
  48. which rabies stages have an ascending paralysis
    paralytic stage
  49. what are the two methods of transmission for rabies
    • oral - saliva (primary)
    • inhalation - associated with bats
  50. what is the incubation period for rabies
    3-8 weeks
  51. how is rabies diagnosed
    • clinical signs
    • fluorescent antibody test
    • Negri body demonstration
    • polymerase chain reaction
  52. when must a pet owner have their dog or cat vaccinated
    • between 3 and 4 months.
    • must have an annual vaccine/ 3 year vaccine
  53. who must administer a rabies vaccine
    a Texas licensed veterinarian or someone under the direct supervision of one.
  54. how were the first rabies vaccine's produced
    by growing the virus inside a chicken embryo and tissue cultures.
  55. what do most rabies vaccines contain today
    an inactivated rabies virus form tissue cultures
  56. what is the law for an animal to be considered currently vaccinated
    • they have received a rabies vaccine within the past 12 months, or received 2 rabies vaccines within 12 months of each other
    • time must not exceed the manufactures recommendation
  57. explain the oral rabies vaccination program
    involves dropping a oral rabies vaccine for free-roaming coyotes and foxes to ingest
  58. what is the law in reference to veterinarians and rabies vaccines
    • rabies vaccine can only be sold and distributed to veterinarians
    • vets cannot sell vaccine to clients
    • vets must issue a complete certificate for dogs and cats
    • vet must sign all certificates
  59. what is the rabies control amendment
    veterinarians must keep copies of rabies certificates not less than five years from the date it was issued. In 2008 it was changed to two years after the revaccination due date
  60. what must a quarantine provide
    • absolute security
    • isolation
    • daily observation
  61. what areas can be used as quarantine sites
    • animal shelter approved by TDH (Texas department of health)
    • veterinary clinic operation by a licensed vet
    • owner's home if approved by LHA (Local Health Authority)
  62. what must an rules must be met for home quarantine
    • only Local Rabies Control Authority (LRCA) can grant permission, not a vet
    • secure enclosure approved by LRCA
    • animal currently vaccinated
    • vet or local control authority must observe the animal on the first and last day of quarantine
    • animal cannot be a stray at the time of potential exposure
  63. information to tell clients about rabies
    • vaccinated animals create a buffer zone against human infection
    • do not handle wild animals
    • do not leave food out for wild animals
    • avoid freezing animal tissue/damaging the brain when euthanizing a suspect
    • if vaccinated pet bites a person must be quarantined for 10 days.
  64. what are some scenarios to recommend rabies testing for bats
    • bat crash lands into a person/pet and makes skin contact
    • bat found inside a residence
    • bat foudn in a room with a child/incapacitated person
    • bat found in area where a pet has had unsupervised access
    • pet found with a bat
  65. what season is considered maternity season for bats
    Fall season
Card Set
canine and feline section 3
canine and feline management