Medications

  1. Beta Adrenergic Blockers (Beta Blockers)
    • Help lower blood pressure, pule and cardiac output.
    • Name end in "olol" (propanolol)
    • Side Effects: orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, NV, diarrhea, mask hypoglycemia symptoms.
    • Nursing Care: monitor BP, pulse and rhythm, signs of edema, lung sounds, BUN & creatinine levels.
  2. Benzodiapines
    • Anticonvolsant and anti-anxiety
    • Name contains "pam", "pate" or "lam" all will contain "azo" or "aze" (diazepam).
    • Side Effects: drowsiness, lethargy, ataxia, depression, restlessness, slurred speech, bradycardia, hypertension, diplopia, nystagmus, NV, constipation, and urinary retention.  
    • Nursing Care: monitor respirations, liver function, kidney and bone marrow function.
  3. Aminoglycosides
    • anti-infectives
    • Interfere with protein synthesis of the bacteria, active agains most aerobic gram negative bacteria and some gram positive. 
    • Name ends in "cin" or "mycin" (streptomycin)
    • Side effects: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, seizures, blood dyscrasia, hypotension, and rash. 
    • Nursing Care: history of allergies, I&O, VS during infusion, monitor therapeutic levels, signs of nephrotoxicity, peak and trough levels.
  4. Angiotension-converting enzyme inhibitors 
    (ACE inhibitors)
    • Treat primary and secondary hypertension by inhibiting conversion of angiotension 1 to 2. 
    • Names include "pril" (benazerpril)
    • Side effects: hypotension, cough, NV, rash, angioedema. 
    • Nursing care: Monitor VS, white blood cell count, potassium and creatinine and electrolyte levels.
  5. Phenothiazines
    • Antipsychotic and Antiemetic
    • Some used to treat psychosis in schizophrenia, neuroleptic and treat NV. 
    • Name contains "zine" (chlopromazine)
    • Side Effects: extrapyramidal effects, drowsiness, sedation, orthostatic hypotension, dry mouth, photosensitivity and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. 
    • Nursing care: protect medication from light, monitor liver enzymes and renal function and protect client from overexposure to the sun.
Author
wpanleb
ID
238690
Card Set
Medications
Description
Medication categories for NCLEX study
Updated