terminology quiz week 7 part 2

  1. anorexia
    lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat
  2. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection
  3. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly as a result of chronic liver disease
  4. borborygmus
    rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
  5. cachexia
    physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass and is commonly associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and cancer
  6. cholelithiasis
    presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
  7. cirrhosis
    scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic kidney disease
  8. colic
    spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially the colon, accompanied by pain
  9. Crohn disease
    • form of inflammatory bowel disease, usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
    • also called regional enteritis
  10. dysphagia
    • inability or difficulty in swallowing
    • AKA aphagia
  11. eructation
    • producing gas from the stomach, usually a characteristic sound
    • AKA belching
  12. fecalith
    fecal concretion
  13. flatus
    • gas in the GI tract
    • AKA fart
  14. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux
    backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus
  15. halitosis
    bad breath
  16. hematemesis
    vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus
  17. irritable bowel syndrome
    symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically diarrhea, constipation)
  18. malabsorption syndrome
    symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph
  19. melena
    passage of dark colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
  20. obesity
    excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight
  21. morbid obesity
    BMI of 40 or greater pounds or more over weight
  22. obstipation
    severe constipation, which may be caused by an intestinal obstruction
  23. oral leukoplakia
    formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation
  24. peristalsis
    progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
  25. pyloric stenosis
    stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine
  26. regurgitation
    backward flow, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach
  27. steatorrhea
    passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it
  28. endoscopy
    scope of the insides
  29. stool culture
    test to identify microorganisms or parasites present in the feces that are causing a gastrointestinal infection
  30. stool guaiac
    • test that applies a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect the presence of occult (hidden) blood in the feces
    • AKA hemoccult
  31. BE
    Barium Enema
  32. Ba
  33. BM
    bowel movement
  34. CT
    computed tomography
  35. GB
  36. GI
  37. NG
  38. PE
    pulmonary emboli
  39. esophagoscope
    instrument for examining the esophagus
  40. esophag/o
  41. sial/o
    • saliva
    • salivary gland
  42. gingivectomy
    excision of diseased gingival tissue
  43. gingiv/o
  44. orthodontist
    • dentist who specializes in correcting nd preventing irregularities in teeth
    • orth-straight
  45. dentist
    specialist who treats teeth
  46. dent/o
  47. labi/o
  48. labial
    pertaining to the lips particularly the lip of the mouth
  49. cheiloplasty
    surgical repair of the lip
  50. bucc/o
    pertaining to the cheek
  51. bucc/o
  52. lingual
    pertaining to the tongue
  53. glossectomy
    removal of all or part of the tongue
  54. gloss/o
  55. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  56. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  57. or/o
  58. stomat/o
Card Set
terminology quiz week 7 part 2
terminology quiz week 7 part 2