1. what was binet's definition of intelligence?
    the tendency tot ake and maintain a particular direction, the capacity to make adaptations for the purpose of atttaining a desired end, and the power of autocriticism
  2. what are the 3 research traditions that have been used to study the nature of human intelligence?


    -cognitive appraoches
  3. 3 research traditions) psychometric
    havign to do with the structure of the test
  4. 3 research traditions) information processing
    how we learn to solve problems
  5. 3 research traditions) cognitive approaches
    how humans adapt to real-world challenges
  6. What factor has been found to affect scores on all standarized intellignece tests?
    socioeconomic background
  7. After French REvolution, the french govt decided that the only way to rpevent the ascendancy of another noble class was to institute...
    universal education
  8. What were binet and simon commissioned for in 1890s by the french minister? (2)
    -to identify the mentally subnormal

    -predict academic performance
  9. What were the 3 revolutionary ideas that binet had about intelligence?
    -intelligence develops

    -intelligence develops in the same sequence in everybody but at a different rate

    -development of intellectual ability can be assessed by watching children solve problems
  10. What were little games?
    Binets word that meant tasks that would assess potential for academic success efectively
  11. What was  an idiot?
    severe mental retardation
  12. what score would an idiot get out of 30
  13. what was an imbecile?
    moderate mental retardation
  14. what score would an imbecile get out of 30?
  15. what was a moron/
    mild mental retardation
  16. what score would a moron get out of 30?
     more than 16/30
  17. What led to the concept of metnal age?
    • binet searched for tasks that would differentiate childeren by age
    • *older children would be able to do things a younger child couldnt do
  18. What were binets 2 major principles of intellingence test?
    -age differentiation

    -general mental ability
  19. (2 major principles of binet intellgience test) What was age differentiation?
    older children simply can do intellectual manipulations that younger children cannot do
  20. (2 major principles of binet intellgience test) What is general mental ability?
    every kid had a certain level of mental ability that his test can expose
  21. (charles spearman) what was a positive manifold?
    this was based on observation that scores on diverse tests of ability are positiively correlated with scores on nearly all other tests of ability
  22. (charles spearman)  what was spearmans g or psychometric g?
    there was a central, general intellectual factor
  23. (charles spearman) What were intellectual factors?
    correct problems or task solutions that tend to clsuter-to be correlated with each other more highly than with solutions of other problems
  24. what does gf stand for?
    fluid itnelligence
  25. what does gc stand for?
    crystallized intellignece
  26. (charles spearman) what did he conclude about the variance in mental ability test scores?
    about hald of the variance in mental ability test scaores was attributable to G factor
  27. 1905 binet-simon scale) what were these designed to do?
    • identify 3 levels of mental deficiency
    • *idiot
    • *imbecile
    • *moron
  28. 1905 binet-simon scale) why was the test significant?
    it was the first major measure of intellectual development
  29. 1905 binet-simon scale) what did it lack?
    normative data
  30. (1908 scale of binet-simon) what did it add?
    an actual age scale
  31. (1908 scale of binet-simon) what did the age scale do?
    they were tasks that were grouped accoding to the age at which children were supposed to be able to solve them
  32. (1908 scale of binet-simon) how many scores did the scale produce?
    only one
  33. (1908 scale of binet-simon) did this one have normative data?
    had some
  34. (1908 scale of binet-simon) what did this test use the concept of?
    mental age
  35. (1908 scale of binet-simon) mental age concept allowed them to..
    compare a childs tested age level to their chronological age
  36. termans standford-binet intelligence scale)who brought the binet-simon test to teh US and translated to english?
    Lewis Terman
  37. termans standford-binet intelligence scale) what two things did terman change?
    • -increased overall standardization sample
    • *all were white californians though

    • -increased the age range
    • *his CA was up to 14 as opposed to 12
  38. what calculation produced IQ?
  39. what did the IQ made possible?
    to compare children of different ages in terms of their intellectual potential
  40. termans standford-binet intelligence scale) what did terman add to his 1916 test?
  41. Was terman racist?
    yes, he thought that other races were inferior to whites
  42. who were the "termites"?
    children with very high IQ scores that participated in terman's study, genius study
  43. 1937 standford binet scale) what was the age extended down to and what was the max possible mental age?
    2 years old thru 22.10 years old
  44. 1937 standford binet scale) why were more items added for?
    • to decrease teh tests dependence on verbal items
    • *was still not balanced
  45. 1937 standford binet scale) did the standardization imporved or no?
    • imporved
    • *ranged from 11 states but only white and more from urban area
  46. 1937 standford binet scale) how many forms were there and what were they called?
    2 forms: L and M
  47. 1937 standford binet scale) what was the basal level or base age?
    the level where the participant got all of them correct at a particular age level
  48. 1937 standford binet scale) what was ceiling age or celing level?
    this was the level where the participant missed all of the items
  49. problems with 1937 standfor-binet scale) What was wrong with reliability?
    the coefficients were higher for older subjects than younger ones
  50. problems with 1937 standfor-binet scale) what was wrong with the SD of IQ scores?
    the SD of IQ scores were much different at one age than at another
  51. 1960 S-B revision) what did they do to the SD of scores and mean?
    they fixed it so teh mean was 100 and SD of scores of all ages was 16
  52. 1960 S-B revision) What did this test become?
    • a norm-referenced test
    • *comparing to the peers of the person
  53. modern binet scale)whats on the top of hieracrchy?
    • the g-factor
    • *greater intellectual ability
  54. modern binet scale) what is the g-factor divided into? (5)
    -crystallized abilities

    -fluid analytic abilities

    -quantitative reasoning

    -visual/spatial reeasoning

    -working memory
  55. modern binet scale) what were the 5 categories divided into?
    verbal and non-verbal types of tasks

    **so it gave it 10 subsets
  56. modern binet scale) what does each scale have to avoid wasting time by having testee do easy tasks?
    age-referenced estiamte of ability
  57. modern binet scale) what is the basal level?
    level at which a minimum criterion level of items are solved correctly
  58. modern binet scale)what is the ceiling level?
    level where the testee reaches a predetermined number of incorrect answers
  59. modern binet scale) what was the SD cahnged to and why?
    15 to be comparable to wechslers
  60. modern binet scale) How is a full-scale IQ scores determined?
    the total score on all 10 subsets
  61. modern binet scale) does each subset get its own IQ score or no?
  62. Main differnce between weschlers and Binet test?
    • Binet has higher and lower endpoints
    • *has potential for lower and higher scores than the weschler
  63. modern binet scale) with all the tweaks, what is the S-B considered?
    best test for evaluating intellectaul processes at the extreme ends of thee IQ scale
  64. modern binet scale) hows the reliability?
Card Set
theories of intellignece and binet scales; chpter 9