Gregor Mendel

  1. Genetics
    Scientific study of heredity
  2. Fertilization
    Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell.
  3. Mendel's studies and conclusions about inheritance
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    • Mendel cross-pollinated pea plants, he cut off the male parts of one flower and then dusted the female part with pollen from another flower.
  4. Trait
    specific characteristic of an individual
  5. Gene
    sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait; factor that is passed from parent to offspring
  6. Hybid
    offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
  7. Allele
    one of a number of different forms of a gene
  8. Segregation
    separation of alleles during gamete formation
  9. Gametes
    sex cell
  10. Principle of Dominance
    • Mendel’s second conclusion, which states that some alleles are dominant
    • and others are recessive
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Gregor Mendel
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