Medical Technology Urinary System

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  1. Functions of the Urinary System
    • to filter waste products from the body
    • to regulate levels of fluids and electrolytes
    • to carry urine through the system until excretion
  2. organs and structures of the urinary system
    • kidneys remove waste from the blood in the form of urine
    • ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
    • urethra carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body
  3. kidneys
    remove waste products from blood
  4. nephron
    urine producing unit in the kidney
  5. glomerulus
    capillary cluster in the nephron that starts the process of blood filtration
  6. renal pelvis
    reservoir in the kidney that collects urine
  7. ureters
    carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
  8. urinary bladder (bladder)
    holds urin until it is released
  9. urethra
    tube in which urine travels from the bladder to the outside of the body
  10. urinary meatus
    opening from the urethra to the outside of the body
  11. urine
    composed of water, waste products, and other substance
  12. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  13. vesicul/o
    urinary bladder
  14. vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  15. glycos/o
    • glucose
    • sugar
  16. glyc/o
    glucose sugar
  17. hydr/o
    • water
    • fluid
  18. lith/o
    stone, calcium
  19. nephr/o
  20. ren/o
  21. noct/i
  22. olig/o
    fatty, scanty
  23. py/o
  24. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  25. ureter/er
  26. urethr/o
  27. ur/o
    urine/ urinary system/ tract
  28. urin/o
    urin urinary system/tract
  29. dys-
    painful, difficult, abnormal
  30. poly-
    many, much
  31. -algia
  32. -dynia
  33. -cele
    • herniation
    • protrusion
  34. -centesis
    puncture to aspirate
  35. -emesis
  36. -gen
    origin, production
  37. -graphy
    process of recording
  38. -ptosis
    prolapse, drooping, sagging
  39. -scopy
    process of examining, examination
  40. -stenosis
    • stricture
    • narrowing
  41. -stomy
    surgical opening
  42. -tripsy
  43. -uria
    • urine
    • urination
  44. crystic
    pertaining to the urinary bladder
  45. genitourinary (GU)
    pertaining to the organs of reproduction and urination
  46. meatal
    pertaining to the meatus
  47. micturition
    process of releasing urine from the bladder
  48. nephric
    pertaining to the kidney
  49. ureteral
    pertaining to the ureter
  50. urethral
    pertaining to the urethra
  51. urinary
    pertaining to urine
  52. urinate
    to release urine from the bladder
  53. albuminuria
    albumin in the urine
  54. bacteriuria
    bacteria of the urine
  55. glycosuria
    glucose in the urine
  56. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  57. proteinuria
    protein in the urine
  58. pyuria
    pus in the urine
  59. diuresis
    condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
  60. dysuria
    difficulty urinating or painful urination
  61. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine
  62. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  63. oliguria
    scanty amount of urine
  64. polyuria
    escessive and frequent urination
  65. stress urinary incontinence (SUI)
    involuntary discharge of urine during coughing, straining, or sudden movements
  66. urinary retention
    abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder due to inability to empty the bladder
  67. epispadias
    congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
  68. hypospadias
    congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
  69. cystolith
    stone in the bladder
  70. hydronephrosis
    build up of urine in the kidneys caused by obstruction of urine flow, usually due to a stone or stricture
  71. hydroureter
    buildup of urine in the ureters caused by obstruction of urine flow, usually due to a stone or stricture
  72. nephrolithiasis
    condition of stones in the kidney
  73. renal calculus
    stone in the kidney
  74. ureterolith
    stone in the ureter
  75. end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
    the final phase of chronic kidney disease
  76. polycystic kidney disease
    condition in which many cysts occur within an upon the kidneys resulting in the loss of functional tissue
  77. renal failure
    an acute (ARF) or chornic (CRF) condition in which the kidney fails to excrete urine
  78. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood
  79. creatinine clearance test
    test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine
  80. specific gravity (SG)
    test to measure the concentration of urine
  81. urinalysis (UA)
    series of tests done to analyze a sample of urine
  82. cystography
    process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
  83. cystoscopy
    examination of the bladder by endoscopy
  84. intravenous pyelography (IVP)
    process of making an x-ray of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the bloodstream
  85. nephrography
    process of making a radiologic recording (x-ray) of the kidney
  86. nephroscopy
    examination of the kidneys by endoscopy
  87. nephrosonography
    process of making a recording of the kidneys using sound waves
  88. cystoplasty
    repair of the bladder
  89. cystorrhaphy
    suturing of the bladder
  90. pyeloplasty
    repair of the renal pelvis
  91. ureteroplasty
    repair of the urethra
  92. hemodialysis
    removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
  93. peritoneal dialysis
    removal of waste products in the blood or impurities from the body by using the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity as a filter
  94. crystolithotomy
    incision into the bladder to remove a stone
  95. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
    breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
  96. nephrolithotomy
    incision into the kidney to remove a stone
  97. pyelolithotomy
    incision into the renal pelvis to remove a stone
  98. antibacterial
    used to destroy or prevent bacteria
  99. antibiotic
    acts against susceptible microorganisms
  100. diuretic
    increases the amount of urine secreted
  101. urinary analgesic
    relieves pain within the urinary system
  102. nephrology
    medical speciality focusing on the study and treatment of kidney conditions
  103. nephrologist
    physician who specializes in nephrology
  104. urology
    medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
  105. urologist
    physician who specializes in urology
  106. ARF
    acute renal failure
  107. cath
    • catheter
    • catheterize
    • catheterization
  108. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  109. ESRD
    end stage renal disease
  110. ESWL
    extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  111. GU
  112. IVP
    • intravenous pyelogram
    • intravenous pyelography
  113. IVU
    • intravenous urogram
    • intravenous urography
  114. KUB
    • kidneys
    • ureters and bladder (x ray)
  115. SG
    specific gravity
  116. SUI
    stress urinary incontinence
  117. UA
  118. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  119. VCUG
    • voiding cystourethrogram
    • voiding cystourethrography
Card Set
Medical Technology Urinary System
Medical Technology Urinary System
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