ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (CPR)

  1. What is the proper way to say CPR?
    cardiopulmonary cerebrovascular resuscitation
  2. How many patients survive cardiac arrest?
  3. Who is usually saved?
    • young patients
    • patients with reversible underlying cause
  4. Examples of a reversible underlying cause:AH
    • airway obstruction
    • hypovolemic shock
  5. Steps involved after verifying that the animal is in cardiac arrest and you have called for help: ABCD
    • airway
    • breathing
    • circulation
    • drugs
  6. What can be used to establish a airway?ETMH
    • ET tube
    • tracheostomy
    • mouth to nose
    • heimlich if obstruction
  7. If the patient is breathing they just need supplemented oxygen. How is this given?IMF
    • intra nasal
    • mask
    • flowby
  8. How do you measure a intra nasal oxygen tube?
    tip of nose to medial canthus of eye
  9. What can be used if the animal is not breathing?
    • anesthesia machine
    • ambu bag
  10. How often should each breath be?
    every 3-5 sec
  11. What may be needed to remove air or fluid from the pleural space?
  12. What acupuncture site can be used to assist in breathing?
  13. To check circulation what is considered before compressions?
    • pulse
    • HR
    • rythym
    • shock or not
  14. If less than 15lbs what position is the patient in?
  15. If greater than 15lbs what position is the patient in?
    • RL
    • dorsal
  16. Where are compressions given?
    between 3rd and 6th ribs at costochondral junction
  17. If needed and able what should be done?TD
    • treat arrythmias with drugs
    • defibrillate
  18. What does defibrillation do?
    depolarize and repolarize all heart cells simultaneously
  19. How many compressions should be given per minute?(Depends on size of animal)
  20. What should your position be for compressions?EB
    • Extend and lock arms
    • bend at waist (don't bend elbows)
  21. How much should the thorax be displaced?
  22. What should be established asap?
    • IV access with largest gauge needle
    • start fluids at shock dose
  23. What may be needed?
    blood or blood product
  24. What is an extreme measure that can be done?
    internal cardiac massage
  25. Routes of administration for drugs:
    • IV
    • IT
    • IC
  26. What drugs are successful going IT? ALE
    • atropine
    • lidocaine
    • epinephrine
  27. What is used to dilute IT drugs?
    10-15ml sterile saline
  28. Which drug is parasympatholytic and inc HR?
  29. What drug is used for arrythmias in dogs?
  30. What drug is used for cardiac arrest and some cases of shock?
  31. What drug is used for respiratory stimulation?
  32. What drug is used to treat acidosis?
    sodium bicarbonate
  33. Name 2 other drugs mentioned:CD
    • calcin
    • dexamethasone
Card Set
ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (CPR)