ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (Anaphylaxis and Heat Stroke)

  1. c.s. of mild anaphylaxis (scary to owner but not life threatening):PUIF
    • pruritis
    • urticaria
    • inflamation
    • facial swelling
  2. What is urticaria?
    hives
  3. c.s. to sever anaphylaxis (deadly):BCYMVBBC
    • brick red mm
    • crt of 1sec
    • tachycardia
    • massive histamine release
    • vasodilation
    • dec BP
    • dec blood perfusion
    • cardiac arrest
  4. tx of mild to moderate cases:ARS
    • antihistamines
    • remove offending cause
    • +/-steroids
  5. Name 2 antihistamines:B/D,A/H
    • Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
    • Atarax (hydroxyzine)
  6. Name a steroid:D
    dexamethasone
  7. tx severe cases:IVEAM
    • IV fluids
    • steroids
    • epinephrine
    • antihistamines
    • monitor 24 hrs
  8. High heat breaks down what?
    protein
  9. Why don't dogs and cats tolerate heat well?
    don't sweat well
  10. How is shock usually diagnosed?
    • hx
    • temp >105F
  11. Extra caution is taken with which heat stroke patients?BGOHL
    • brachycephalic
    • geriatric
    • overweight
    • heart dz
    • lung dz
  12. Symptoms of heat stroke:SERPVDWDCP
    • shock
    • elevated temo
    • red mm
    • pantig
    • v+
    • d+
    • weakness
    • depression
    • comatose
    • panting
  13. tx heat stroke:SCIE
    • slowly dec body temp
    • cold H20/alcohol
    • IV fluids
    • enema
  14. What should you check for while tx shock patients?BC
    • burns
    • corneal ulcers
  15. Prognosis is based on:STT
    • severity
    • temo
    • time before tx
  16. What is a rare but malignant reaction to gas anesthetics?
    • malignant hyperthermia during or after
    • often fatal
  17. Who commonly gets malignant hyperthermia?
    grey hounds
  18. tx of malignant hyperthermia
    stop anesthesia and treat for shock and heat stroke
Author
heather.dundas
ID
237162
Card Set
ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (Anaphylaxis and Heat Stroke)
Description
vti
Updated