Civil War Exam #2

  1. John Deere
    invented steel plow 1837
  2. Cyrus McCormick
    patented the reaper 1830's
  3. Charles Goodyear
    developed vulcanized rubber (Goodyear Tires)
  4. Elias Howe
    patented the sewing machine 1846
  5. T.M. Singer
    invented the foot treadle 1851
  6. Samuel F.B. Morse
    perfected the telegraph (morse code)
  7. Robert Fulton
    • made first successful steamboat trip
    • 1807 on Clermont River
  8. Noah Webster
    • wrote the textbook, blue-backed speller
    • compiled a dictionary, 1828
    • tried to get people to talk less British
  9. Horace Mann
    • pushed for compulsory(required) education 
    • opened a college
    • liked public school
  10. Dorothea Dix
    • went to prisons to teach
    • opened the first mental hospital
  11. Anti-slavery movement
    movement against slavery
  12. William Lloyd Garrison
    • wrote the Liberator
    • Popular in the North
    • called for immediate emancipation without compensation
  13. Nat Turner
    lead the bloodiest slave rebellion in the history of slavery (Virginia)
  14. abolition
    do away with slavery
  15. Fredrick Douglas
    most famous speaker for the Anti-slavery society
  16. Harriet Tubman
    • Created the underground railroad
    • escaped from slavery in Maryland
    • she returned and saved 300 slaves
    • helped a network of people reach the North for freedom
  17. Women's rights movement
    • 1848 
    • Seneca Falls convention
    • started the national campaign for equality for women
  18. Manifest Destiny
    belief that America's destiny was to expand to the West Coast
  19. Joseph Smith
    • founder of the Mormons
    • believed in polygamy
  20. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • Rio Grande river is recognized as the border for Texas
    • United states receives California and New Mexico
    • Paid Spain $15 million for 1.2 million acres
  21. Gadsen Purchase
    U.S. paid 10$ million for the small piece of land South of the Gila River
  22. Wilmot Proviso
    tried to keep slavery out of the New territory acquired from Mexico
  23. Compromise of 1850
    • California became a free state
    • popular sovereignty would decide whether or not a territory has slavery in the new territory
    • stronger fugitive slave law
  24. Fugitive slave law 1850
    supposed to return slaves to the South that escaped to the North
  25. Harriet Beecher stowe
    • Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1852
    • 300,000 copies sold in the first year
    • used propaganda to change opinions
  26. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Kansas territory divided into 2
    • repealed the Missouri Compromise
    • Popular sovereignty would decide all states
  27. Dred Scott Decision
    • 1857
    • Dred Scott was a slave who was taken by his owner to a free state and said he was free because he went to a free state, and took his owner to court
    • A black man can't sue anyone
    • being on free territory did not make a slave free
  28. Free port Docrine
    slavery could exist in a territory if people pass laws to protect it
  29. John Brown's Raid
    • 1859
    • attempt to free Virginia Slaves at Harper Ferry's Virgina
  30. Election of 1860
    • 4 candidates, Lincoln won
    • Southern Democrat: John Breckinridge
    • Northern Republican: Abraham Lincoln
    • Constitutional Union: John Bell
    • Northern Democrat: Stephan Douglas
  31. 1st & 2nd state to secede
    • South Carolina
    • Mississippi
  32. Jefferson Davis
    First and only president of the Confederate States
  33. Montgomery
    • Alabama
    • temporary location of the Confederate Capital
  34. Richmond
    • Virginia
    • permanent capital of the Confederate States
  35. Fort Sumter
    • First battle of the Civil War
    • In south Carolina
    • April 12, 1861
    • No deaths
    • War officially began
  36. Causes of the War
    Election of Lincoln, Southerners felt bullied by the North when he was elected, State's rights regarding Taxation and Slavery, abolitionism, slavery, sectionalism
  37. Border States
    • slave states that did not secede
    • Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky
  38. Northern Advantages
    • Double population
    • double the railroads
    • 5 times as many factories
    • produced more food
    • strong civilian leadership
  39. Southern Advantages
    • Defending is easier than attacking
    • export of cotton
    • strong military leadership
    • sweet tea
  40. First battle of Bull Run
    • First major battle of the war
    • called Bull run in the south 
    • called 1st manassas in the North
    • Linear Tactics (fought in lines)
    • South wins 
    • July 1, 1861
  41. Union Strategy
    • Naval Blockade
    • attack Richmond and disperse government
    • control the Mississippi River
  42. Anaconda Plan
    Naval Blockade so South can't get supplies from other countries
  43. Robert E. Lee
    Famous Confederate Army Leader
  44. Antietam
    • September 17, 1862
    • Bloodiest single day of the Civil War
    • 23,000 people died on this day alone
  45. Britian
    • the South was hoping for their support because of "King Cotton"
    • they didn't like slavery so they remain neutral
  46. Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1863
    • Abraham Lincoln frees all slaves in states that are still in rebellion
    • didn't free staves in border states
  47. Conscriptioin
    a draft for soldiers
  48. Gettysburg
    • turning point in the war
    • July 1-3 1863
    • South doesn't win a battle after this one
  49. Vicksburg
    • July 4, 1863
    • Vicksburg was taken under siege by the North and eventually surrendered
  50. John C. Pemberton
    Commander of the Confederate forces in Vicksburg
  51. April 9, 1865
    • official surrender of the South
    • Lee surrenders to Grant
    • near Appomattox Court house in Virginia
  52. April 14, 1865
    • assasination of Abraham Lincoln 
    • Killed by John Wilkes Booth
  53. Ulyssess S. Grant
    Leader of the Union Army
  54. Gettysburg Address
    • said by Abraham Lincoln
    • See sheet!
  55. Presidential Reconstruction
    • Pardoned any Confederate who would take an oath of allegiance to the U.S. excluding military leaders
    • when 10% of voters take an oath of allegiance the state draws up a new constitution and readmitted to the U.S.
  56. reconstitution
    rebuild and restore the Southern state back into the Union
  57. 13th amendment
    abolished slavery
  58. freedmen's bureau
    Gave food and clothing to help former slaves
  59. Black Codes
    laws aimed at regulating the economic and social lives of freed slaves
  60. 14th amendment
    made former slaves citizenship
  61. Congressional Reconstruction
    divided the South into 5 military districts to ensure the treatment of slaves
  62. 15th amendment
    all black males are given the right to vote
Card Set
Civil War Exam #2
Card set for out second coach kelly exam