ComD (9/24/13)

  1. developmental sequence
    we have to understand typical development and expectations so that we can recognize a system that is not typical
  2. "Communicative competence is the knowledge and implicit awareness that speakers of a language possess and utilize to communicate effectively in that language"
    -Turbull in Justice; pg. 41
  3. "The intersection of language and social behaviors observed during peer interactions...that is, the verbal and nonverbal behaviors children display as they approach peers, maintain conversations, and resolve conflicts during peer interactions"
    Timler, Olswang, & Coggins pg. 171
  4. Language Processing (both your understanding and your production of language) (Expressive and Receptive)
    • a. Phonology- sounds we use for English
    • b. Grammar- how we put sentences together
    • c. Lexicon- vocabulary
    • d. How to put them together
  5. pragmatics
    • -language functions
    • -conversational management     
    • a. Turn     
    • b. Topic     
    • c. Responsiveness
  6. social interaction
    knowing that you're separate from someone else and that you can engage with someone else
  7. social cognition
    • emotion understanding
    • TOM (theory of mind)
    • social inference
    • knowledge of social rules and expectations
    • -what context means     
    • -what's expected culturally     
    • -whom you are speaking to and why it's important
  8. phonology
    • the sound system of language
    • phoneme (distinctive, meaningful sound of language [L and R are distinctive phoneme's in the English language])
    • phonological process     
    • -shortcuts to simplify speech production
  9. We know when children should be intelligible to strangers...
    • Carol Stoel Gammon     
    • -2 years 50%     
    • -3 years 75%     
    • -4 years 100%
  10. grammar
    • it's descriptive
    • syntax      
    • 1. word order      
    • 2. also used more comprehensively grammatical
    • morphology      
    • 1. small units of meaning
  11. semantics
    • meaning or content
    • lexicon
    • words understood or produced
  12. pragmatics
    • language use
    • how we conduct conversations
  13. language use (pragmatics)
    • communicative acts    
    • the things we can do with language
  14. how we conduct conversations
    • turn structure    
    • topic- relevance    
    • repair- making it work     
    • other aspects (question, response, manners, etc.)
  15. emotion understanding (part of social cognition)
    • recognizing your own emotions
    • naming emotions
    • reading facial expressions
    • situations that elicit emotions
    • others' emotions are different from mine
    • anticipating effects of ones actions of the emotions of others
    • understanding mixed emotions
    • hiding emotions
  16. dissemble
    to hide an emotion
  17. perspective taking (part of social cognition)
    • theory of mind
    • social inferencing     
    • -depends on emotion understanding     
    • -knowing how a situation makes you feel    
    • -knowing how someone might respond give...          
    • -background          
    • -content          
    • -interactants          
    • -motive
    • important for literacy
  18. social goals
    • What you want to have happen
    • What you want to accomplish     
    • -make friends     
    • -avoid people     
    • -revenge     
    • -please others     
    • -impress
    • Effecting social goals takes social cognition plus knowledge of language
  19. foundations for social communication
    • these behaviors are learned
    • we are adapted to...     
    • -attend to voice     
    • -connect     
    • -develop abstract thought     
    • -seek joint attention (both focus on the same thing)
    • intersubjectivity (ability to know someone is different than myself)
    • shared emotion
  20. what environment provides
    • meaningful context
    • caregiver input
  21. milestones in development
    children acquire communicative competence in roughly the same order
  22. stages in vocal development
    • a. Phonation 0-1 month
    • b. Cooing and gooing 2-3 months
    • c. will start to "talk" in response to stimulation
    • d. expansion 4-6 months
    • e. canonical babbling 6+ months; a lot more consonants and vowels 
    • f. variegated babbling 9+ months; a lot of variation
  23. developmental joint attention
    • simultaneous engagement of two or more individuals in mental focus on a single external object or event    
    • comes between 8-9 months
  24. symbolic representation
    • words around 12 months    
    • use words for same things as gestures     
    • criteria for words          
    • -clear intention and purpose        
    • -recognizable pronunciation          
    • -used consistently beyond context    
    • first words may come and go
  25. overextension
    refers to an instance when a child uses a word to mean more things than it would in the adult vocabulary
  26. what do kids do with their first words?
    • ask for things     
    • show/share things     
    • protest and whine     
    • share positive emotion     
    • initiate and respond to joint attention
  27. conversation (new children)
    • take turns    
    • engage attention    
    • know about exchanges
  28. before 18 months, kids have about a ____ vocabulary
    50 word
  29. at 18 months kids...
    • get vocabulary spurts or naming explosions
    • they will adhere to the syntax of the language they hear
    • they begin to acquire grammar
    • we look at MLU- mean length of utterance
Card Set
ComD (9/24/13)