SOC 200 part 1 ch 4

  1. the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of genetics and socialization in determining individual behaviors and traits
    nature vs nurture debate
  2. the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group, but which we become functioning members of society
  3. two main goals that socialization accomplishes?
    • teaches members the skills necessary to satisfy basic human needs and to defend themselves against danger
    • socialization teaches individuals the norms, values, and beliefs associated with their culture and provides ways to ensure that members adhere to their shared way of life
  4. feral children are also known as
    children who have grown up in the wild
  5. in myths and rare real world cases, children who have had little human contact and may have lived in the wild from a young age
    feral children
  6. the first stage in mead's theory of the development of self where in children mimic or imitate others
    preparatory stage
  7. the second stage in Mead's theory of the development of self where in children pretend to play the role of a particular or significant other
    play stage
  8. the perspectives and expectations of a particular role that a child learns and internalizes
    particular or significant other
  9. the third stage in Mead's theory of the development of self wherein children play organized games and take on the perspective of the generalized other
    game stage
  10. the perspectives and expectations of a network of others (or of society in general) that a child learns and then takes into account when shaping his or her own behavior
    generalized other
  11. the belief that we experience the self as both subject and object, the "I" and the "me"
    dual nature of the self
  12. classic formulation of the way individuals define situations, whereby "if people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences"
    Thomas theorem
  13. an agreement with others about "what is going on" in a given circumstance. this consensus allows us to coordinate our actions with those of others and realize goals
    definition of the situation
  14. small actions such as an eye roll or head nod that serve as an interactional tool to help project our definition of the situation
    expressions of behavior
  15. expressions that are intentional and usually verbal, such as utterances
    expressions given
  16. observable expressions that can be either intended or unintended and are usually nonverbal
    expressions given off
  17. the effort to control the impressions we make on others so that they form a desired view of us and the situation; the use of self presentation and performance tactics
    impression management
  18. an approach pioneered by erving goffman in which social life is analyzed in terms of its similarities to theatrical performance
  19. the expressive equipment we consciously or unconsciously use as we present ourselves to others, including appearance and manner, to help establish the definition of the situation
    personal front
  20. in the dramaturgical perspective, the context or setting in which the performance takes place
  21. goffman's central idea?
  22. according to _____, the development of the self unfolds in several stages
  23. order of Mead's stages?
    • preparatory stage
    • play stage
    • game stage
  24. jungle book is an example of ?
    • a feral child
    • boy raised in jungle
  25. ID?
    • raw, primal instincts
    • devil on your shoulder
  26. EGO?
    • balance
    • adult
  27. superego
    • angel on your shoulder
    • society's messages or cultury via family
  28. came up with the looking glass self theory
    Charles cooley
  29. believes others are important in development of self along with cooley
    George Herbert mead
Card Set
SOC 200 part 1 ch 4
vocab and some other info