eye test

  1. SOAP format-what does each letter mean
    • s-subjective
    • o-objective
    • a-assessment
    • p-plan
  2. subjective (s)
    intangible, perceptions, history
  3. objective (o)
    hard facts, physical exam, labs
  4. assessment (a)
    • interpretation of s and o
    • what is it pointing you to
    • what are you thinking about
  5. plan (p)
    • what are you going to do
    • DX-diagnostically
    • TX-therapeutically
    • CE-client communication
  6. what are the basics of ophthalmology
    • normal anatomy and physiology
    • common diagnostics, medications and symptoms
  7. common diagnostic 1-direct ophthalmoscopy
    great magnification right side up
  8. common diagnostic-indirect ophthalmoscopy
    great magnification upside down
  9. common diagnostic-pan ophthalmic exam
    • moderate magnification
    • more than indirect
  10. what are other common diagnostic
    • Schirmer tear test (STT)
    • fluorescein stain
    • culture and sensitivity (C/S)
    • conjunctival scraping for cytology
    • tonometry-Schiotz or Tonopen
  11. advanced diagnostics-split lamp
    • highlight celary debris
    • if normal eye should not  see laser
    • 3D
    • can see depth of cataract and ulcers
  12. advanced diagnostics-ultrasound
    masses or deep trauma
  13. advanced diagnostics-electroretinogram (ERG)
    • dog asleep, eyes open
    • checking to see if retina is attached
  14. what are the other advanced diagnostics
  15. ophthalmic drugs-topical
    retard healing
  16. ophthalmic drug-subconjuctival
    injected on the soft tissue
  17. ophthalmic drug-antimicrobials
    bacteria fungi and viruses
  18. ophthalmic drug-anti-inflammatories
    steroids and NSAIDs
  19. ophthalmic drug-mydriatics and cycloplegics
    makes pupil dilate
  20. ophthalmic drug-miotics
    makes pupils constrict
  21. ophthalmic drug-lacromimetics and artificial tears
    stimulates tear production
  22. ophthalmic drug-anesthetics
    for treatment
  23. what is the other ophthalmic drug
  24. what is the ophthalmic drug order
    • water soluble (drops) than oil based than ointment
    • goes thinnest to thickest
    • few mins in between
  25. what are the signs of disease for lids/adnexa
    • blepharospasm
    • swelling and growth
    • abnormal lashes
    • hair loss around the face
  26. what does blepharospam mean
    • spastic eyelids
    • symptom not a disease
    • usually corneal irritation/stimulation
    • squinting
  27. what are dogs and cats going to do after putting eye meds in eye
    • squint
    • if still squinting 20-30 mins after, meds are not doing anything for them
  28. what are the signs for disease for conjunctiva/orbit
    • chemosis
    • eversion of the third eyelid (cherry eye)
    • vascular congestion-episcleral, scleral
    • red eye-swelling of the conjunctiva
  29. signs of disease for nasolacrimal system
    epiphora-excessive tearing
  30. signs of disease on cornea
    • edema
    • defects-ulcers, injury, FB
    • neovascularization
    • tissue overgrowth-pannus, keratitis
  31. signs of disease on uvea/anterior chamber
    • hyphema-blood
    • hypopyon-pus
    • anisocaria-pupil size difference
  32. signs of disease on lens
    • cloudiness
    • malposition
  33. signs of disease on globe
    • exophthalmos
    • enophthalmos
    • buphthalmos
    • microphthalmos
    • strabismus*
    • proptosis
  34. prominent eyes
    • buphthalmos
    • exopthalmos
    • proptosis
  35. burphthalmos
    • globe enlarged
    • pressure or tumor
    • a lot of pressure in eye, gets bigger and stretches
  36. exophthalmos
    • forward position of the globe
    • normal, abscess, mass, other swelling
    • eyeball is normal size but out towards you
  37. proptosis
    • disruption from the orbit
    • globe of eye forced ahead of the eyelid margin
    • after surgery stays in the direction they were looking, centers overtime
  38. small eye-microphthalmos
    • small globe
    • congentic
    • phthisis bulbi-end stage of diseased eye
    • born this way
    • can be functional or unfunctional
  39. small eye-enophthalmus
    • retraction of globe into the orbit
    • due to pain, reflex
    • normal globe pulled back in, eye painful
  40. what should you worn clients about
    • squinting
    • red (bloody)
    • cloudy or hazy
    • eye bulging
    • stains
Card Set
eye test
eye test