SOC chapter 2
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translates the social world into numbers that can be studied mathematically, can be measured
uses nonnumercial data like texts, interviews, photos and recordings to help understand social life
ex of qualitative research
a procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collecting data through observation and experiment
ex, with dress in class
a relationship between two variables
a relationship where one variable causes another variable to change
a relationship that seems to appear between two variables, but is actually caused by some external or intervening variable
a change in the way we think about some aspect of life
said research can lead to a paradigm shift
ex of paradigm shift
view on marriage equality
uses 3 points to validate the variable
studying people in their own environments in order to understand the meanings they give to their activities
2 steps of ethnography?
the researcher participates in and observes a setting
then the researcher makes a written account(field notes) of what goes on there
the researcher both observes and becomes a member in a social setting
involve direct face to face contact with respondents
what can interviews generate?
large amounts of qualitative data
interview:: research indentfies the _____ _____ of interest, then selects a _____ of people to be interviewed from that population
what kind of questions can interviews use?
let respondents talk as much as theyd like about the question you asked
give respondents a choice of answers
questionnaires that are administered to a sample of respondents selected from a target population
survey research tends to look at ?
large scale social patterns and employs statistics and other mathematical means of analysis
refer to any data that has already been collected by earlier researchers and is available for future research
formal tests of specific variables and effects that are performed in a setting where all aspects of the situation can be controlled
many experiments involve 2 groups?
participants that receive the experimental treatment
participants that continue without intervention so they can be compared with the experimental group
Max weber coined the phrase?
states that researchers should identify facts without allowing their own personal beliefs or biases to interfere
value free sociology
help researches avoid bias and adhere to professional standards and to protect respondents from harm
code of ethics
the American Sociological Association has developed its own?
code of ethics
a group of scholars within a university who meet regularly to review and approve the research proposals of their colleagues and make recommendations for how to protect human subjects
institutional review board
SOC chapter 2