LA- Equine Nutrition.txt

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  1. all horses should get __ gallons of water/day
  2. what is their maintenance amount of calories?
  3. horses are non___ herbivores
  4. __ of dietary energy is from carbs
  5. what % of their daily intake of food needs to be protein?
  6. what 2 circumstances may a horse require more than 9% of protein?
    • heavy work
    • lactation
  7. what happens when horses get too much protein?
    their urine smells of ammonia
  8. where do most of their minerals come from?
    pasture, roughage, grain
  9. what are the 5 macro minerals that they require? (abbreviations)
    • K- potassium
    • Ca
    • Phos
    • Mg
    • NaCl
    • S- sulfur
  10. what are the microminerals they need?
    ICFMSCF (abbreviations)
    • Iodine
    • Cu- copper
    • Fe- Iron
    • Mn- manganese
    • Se- selenium
    • Co- cobalt
  11. what is the purpose of selenium?
    works with vit E to scavenge free radicals
  12. what dz occurs if they have a selenium deficiency?
    what does it do?
    • white muscle dz
    • weak muscles and infertility
  13. what of % of an adults body weight needs to be eaten in a day?
    1.2-1.5% of their body weight
  14. ex: a 1000lb horse at a 1.5% diet would receive __ lbs of food a day
    how many 5lb blocks of flakes would that be?
    • 15lbs
    • 3 blocks
  15. how do you determine what % out of the 1.2-1.5% range a horse should be getting?
    their body condition score
  16. how many times will a foal nurse a day?
    25-30 times
  17. when can high quality feed and forage be introduced to a foal?
    1-2 weeks
  18. increase their feed amount by __ __ for each month of age
  19. when should foals be weaned?
    6 mo.
  20. when should foals be de-wormed?
    2-3 mo.
  21. a weanling  should be getting __-__lbs of __% protein a day
    • 6-8lbs
    • 13% protein
  22. a weanling should get __lbs of hay per 100 lb of body weight
  23. yearlings and 2 year olds need __% protein feed, a mineral block and hay/pasture __ __
    • 13%
    • ad lib
  24. the last 90 d. of gestation energy increases by __%
  25. protein should be increased during the last 90d. of gestation to __-__%
  26. what are the 2 minerals that are important during the last 90d. of gestation?
    • calcium
    • phos.
  27. what type of hay should be given during the last part of gestation?
  28. a lactation feed should be the same as a __ feed
  29. a performance horse requires __lb of forage per 100 lb of BW.
  30. senior horses need processed food with forage included that is __ __
    easily digestible
  31. if there is a dental problem with a senior horse, what should be done to their food?
    gruel should be made
  32. __ and __ meals is recommended for seniors?
    • small
    • frequent
  33. decrease __, and increase __
    • starch
    • fiber
  34. why decrease starch for a senior?
    decreases amt of excess gas
  35. what is caused by a non-dust-free food?
    RAO or heaves
  36. what are the 2 nutritional dzs we should know about?
    • white muscle dz
    • moonblindness
  37. white muscle dz is seen a lot in __ and __
    donkeys and young horses
  38. WMD is a __ dz, and causes __ weakness, __ tendons
    • muscle
    • loose
  39. what is the major cause behind a selenium deficiency in this area?
    the soil in the area is selenium deficient
  40. Moonblindness aka-
    caused by a deficiency of __
    also caused by __ dz, immune mediated
    what breed of horse is pre-disposed to this dz?
    • equine recurrent uveitis
    • riboflavin
    • viral dz
    • appaloosa
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LA- Equine Nutrition.txt
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