SOC 324

  1. All crimes are deviant.        
    a)  True          b)  False
    b. false
  2. All deviance is crime.          
    a)  True          b)  False
    b. false
  3. Any behavior that breaks social norms is called _____.          

    a)  crime         
    b)  deviance         
    c)  law         
    d)  weird
    b. deviance
  4. Informal guidelines for conduct about the ways things are done in a society or     community are called _____.          

    a)  statutes         
    b)  regulations         
    c)  norms         
    d)  laws
    c. norms
  5. When a _____ is broken, the deviant person will likely receive less severe      informal punishments, such as being laughed at or talked about.          
    a)  folkway         
    b)  more         
    c)  civil law         
    d)  criminal law
    a. folkway
  6. A _____ is any behavior that breaches the criminal law and may receive formal     punishment by the state. 
    a) more         
    b) norm         
    c) crime         
    d) folkway
    c. crime
  7. According to Sutherland and Cressey, which characteristic of the criminal law refers to the idea that only violations of rules that are made by the state can be considered criminal?          
    a)  politicality         
    b)  specificity         
    c)  uniformity         
    d)  penal sanction
    a. politicality
  8. Which characteristic refers to the idea that criminal laws must provide for some kind of punishment by the state?          

    a)  politicality         
    b)  specificity         
    c)  uniformity         
    d)  penal sanction
    d. penal sanction
  9. The goal of the _____ law is restitution/compensation.  
    a)  criminal         
    b)  civil
    b. civil
  10. Criminal law covers acts that cause _____ harm.       
    a)  individual         
    b)  social         
    c)  private         
    d)  state
    b. social
  11. The custom in the U.S. that brides wear white for their wedding is an example of what type of norm?          

    a)  folkway         
    b)  more         
    c)  criminal law         
    d)  civil law 
    a. folkway
  12. By the “sociological” perspective on crime, I am referring to the idea that _____.   

    a) crimes are made to protect us from harmful behaviors       
    b)  crimes are made to protect us from the most dangerous people  
    c)  the type of behavior in question is what determines whether it is crime or not  
    d)  crime is relative and variable and determined by the reaction to it, not its potential to cause harm 
    d. crime is relative and variable and determined by the reaction to it, not its potential to cause harm
  13. One ideal characteristic of the criminal law is that it cannot be vague but must identify particular acts as criminal. This is the characteristic of _____.          

    a)  politicality         
    b)  specificity         
    c)  uniformity         
    d)  penal sanction
    b. specifity
  14. Which one of the following ideal characteristics is NOT required for an act to be defined as criminal, according to Sutherland and Cressey?          

    a)  It must be committed with mens rea/criminal intent.         
    b)  It must be punishable by law.         
    c)  The offender must have acted voluntarily.         
    d)  The offender must have a motive.
    d. The ofender must have a motive
  15. According to the sociological perspective on crime, what we define as ‘crime’ or ‘criminal’ can vary according to what factors?   

    a)  period of time in which it occurs          b)  location in which it occurs         
    c)  who commits it         
    d)  who is victimized by it         
    e)  who is investigating/prosecuting it         
    f)  the amount of harm caused by it
  16. The main question that Becker (“Outsiders”) and Chambliss (“The State, the Law….”) ask in their articles is _____.          

    a.  why do people commit crimes?     
    b.  how do some behaviors come to be defined as crime?    
    c.  what motivates people to commit crimes?         

    d.  what sociological factors contribute to crime rates?
    b. how do some behaviors come to be defined as crime?
  17. According to Becker in “Outsiders,” behaviors come to be labeled as crime or deviance because _____.          

    a.  of how society reacts to that behavior         

    b.  they are the most harmful behaviors         

    c.  the ruling class uses its power to protect its interests         

    d.  some behaviors are just inherently wrong
    a. of how society recats to that behavior
  18. According to Chambliss in “The State, the Law….,” which one of the following is defined as the belief that behaviors are defined as crime when we, as a society, agree that it is wrong or harmful.          

    B. the value consensus model
  19. Does Chambliss agree that the public interest model provides an accurate view of how behaviors come to be defined as crime?      

    a.  Yes         
    b.  No
    b. no
  20. One problem with the ruling class model of crime definition is that it oversimplifies reality, meaning there really is no one ruling class whose members all agree on what is in their best interests.          

    a.  True         
    b.  False
    a. true
  21. What are norms?
    Social expectations on how you should behave.
  22. What are the three types of norms?
    Folkways, Mores, and Laws
  23. What are folkways?
    Norm that is a coustom or traditon.

    ex. saying goodbye when you get off the phone, wearing white to a wedding.
  24. What are mores?
    A norm for a strongly held (universal) code of conduct. These are punshied more by people.

    ex. cheating on spouse.
  25. What are are the two types of law?
    Civil Law (Regulatroy) and Criminal Law
  26. What is politicality (of law)?
    Only violations of rules made by the state are a crime. Criminal laws are rules made by the state. 

    *Punished by and forced by the state.
  27. What is specificity (of law)?
    Criminal laws must specify specific acts as criminal and define those acts.
  28. What is uniformity (of law)?
    laws are supposed to apply to all members of a group equally, regardless of status. Applied to everyone.

    *this is rare to happen*
  29. What is penal sanction (of law)?
    criminal law provides for punishment or the threat pf punishment by the state. Has to be punished by the state.
  30. What are the elements of criminal acts? (sutherland and cressy reading)
    1.   There must be an act or conduct (actus rea).                       

    2.   That act must be committed with intent (mens rea).                       

    3.   That act must produce social harm.                       

    4.   That act must be prohibited by law.                       

    5.   That act must be punishable by law.                       

    6.   That act must be voluntary or committed with capacity.                       

    • 7.   There must be a fusion or concurrence of the act and the intent
    • (The conduct  and intent must be connected. If your elderly neighbor asks for your help in moving some furniture and you “lift” some jewelry while there, you can’t be charged with trespassing or burglary, but can be charged with larceny.)
    • 8.   There must be a causal relationship between the conduct and the harm. (If someone is in the hospital because you hit them while driving drunk and then dies from medical misconduct, you can be charged with various DUI offenses but not homicide.)
  31. What are the four ways we measure crime?
    1. Unifrom Crime Report (UCR)

    2. National Incident Reporting System (NIBRS)

    3. National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

    4. Self Report Studies
  32. UCR Crime Rates Formula
    n/population X Standard #

    n=number of reported crimes in a place at a certain time

    pop=population of particular place at that time.

    Standard #-1000;10,000;100,000 etc.
Card Set
SOC 324
Exam 1