Parasitology exam 1

  1. mesoderm
  2. ectoderm
    skin and epidermis
  3. endoderm
    gut and nervous system
  4. perenchyma
    filler cells
  5. what is in phylum Platyhelminthes
    flukes and tapeworms
  6. syncitial
    one cell multiple nuclei that can make much larger cells for epidermis layers
  7. monoecious
  8. class trematoda
    subclass digenea
  9. trematoda digenea common name
  10. miracidium
    water and dispersal except in conorchis sinensis (bile duct) which is in the snail
  11. sporocyst
    snail intermediate host, asexual reproduction
  12. redia
    snail asexual reproduction not present in shistisomes
  13. cercaria
    water and final dispersal
  14. metacercaria
    2nd intermediate host
  15. fasciola hepatica's common name
    sheep liver fluke
  16. fasciola hepatica's nidus
    zoonosis, causes liver rot, avoid metacicaria on water plants, distributed globally
  17. zoonosis
    accidentally infects human but usually doesnt
  18. fasciola hepatica pathology
    tunnels in liver, inflammation, scar tissue blocks bile ducts, neoplasia, Halzoun
  19. liver cirrhosis
    can no longer detoxify
  20. neoplasia
    cell division too mutations too cancer
  21. Halzoun
    middle east tradition of eating raw meat, adult's liver worm eat throats
  22. Fasciolopsis Buski distribution
    small intestine, distributed in south east asia and human feces on plants
  23. Fasciolopsis Buski pathology
    gut damage, mechanical and inflamitory, chronic diarrhea, acute blocked gut
  24. Clonorchis sinensis common name
    Chinese liver fluke
  25. Clonorchis sinensis nidus
    lives in bile duct, snail eats egg which is eaten by fish then human. South east asia and can lead to neoplasia
  26. paragonimus westermani common name
    oriental lung fluke
  27. paragonimus westermani nidus
    grow in groups and eggs coughed up and out or swolled. common in sushi from crabs in SE asia
  28. paragonimus westermani pathology
    scar tissue on lungs, 2nd degree infection with bacteria, can get lost from gut to lung (nervous system)
  29. shistosomes common name
    blood fluke
  30. shistosomes nidus
    thin and live in capillaries, male has gynecophoral canal,
  31. shistosome mansoni nidus
    large intestine, feces, africa and south america
  32. shistosome japonicum nidus
    small intestine, feces, south east asia
  33. shistisome haemotabium nidus
    urinary bladder, urine dispersal, africa and middle east
  34. shistisome trichobilharzia nidus
    in USA known as "swimmer's itch"
  35. fibrosis
    large damage
  36. granuloma
    small/local damage
  37. plesiomorphy
    shared ancestral trait even with outgroup
  38. synapomorphy
    common trait shared by two or more in groups
  39. homoplasy
    similar trait evolved independently
  40. autapomorphy
    unique trait, only one lineage
Card Set
Parasitology exam 1
vocab and other possible questions