Geneseo 8th Grade Vocabulary Flashcards

  1. Falling Action
    All events after the climax.
  2. Exposition
    The part of a novel where the characters and setting (time and place) are introduced.
  3. Conflict
    The struggle between two forces in a piece of literature.
  4. Characterization
    The act of creating convincing characters.
  5. Allusion
    A reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place, or thing.
  6. Epistolary
    A literary work in the form of letters, diary entries, or journal entries.
  7. Diction
    An author's word choice intended to give a certain effect.
  8. Climax
    The point of highest tension; the turning point.  Nothing is the same after this event.
  9. Antagonist
    The character opposite the protagonist (main character).
  10. Alliteration
    Beginning words close to each other with the same CONSONANT SOUND!
  11. Flashback
    A scene that interrupts the action of a literary work to show a previous event.
  12. Foreshadowing
    When an author gives hints or clues of coming events.
  13. Hyperbole
    An extreme exaggeration.
  14. Imagery
    The words or phrases an author selects to represent persons, actions, feelings, and ideas by APPEALING TO THE SENSES (sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste).
  15. Verbal Irony
    When a speaker says one things and means the opposite.
  16. Situational Irony
    When a situation turns out differently that your would normally expect.
  17. Metaphor
    A comparison of two unlike things NOT using "like" or "as."
  18. Mood
    The atmosphere or predominant emotion in a literary work.
  19. Onomatopoeia
    Words that mimic the sounds they make (examples:  hiss, bang, splat, pow).
  20. Oxymoron
    Combining opposite terms into a single expression (example:  jumbo shrimp)
  21. Personification
    a type of metaphor that gives inanimate (non-human) objects or abstract ideas human characteristics

    Example:  The wind screamed its fury down upon the land.
  22. Plot
    the sequence of events or actions in a literary work
  23. Point of View
    the perspective from which the story is told
  24. Protagonist
    the central or main character in a literary work
  25. Repetition
    the deliberate use of ANY element of language more than once (it can be a sound, word, phrase, or sentence)
  26. Rising Action
    the events in a story that build tension and lead to the climax
  27. Rhyme
    the repetition of sound in two or more words
  28. End Rhyme
    The repetition of sound at the end of a line (particularly in poetry).
  29. Internal Rhyme
    the repetition of sound within a line (found particularly in poetry).
  30. Slant Rhyme
    is approximate rhyme 

    Examples:  heart/dark, dime/line
  31. Rhyme Scheme
    the pattern of end rhyme (noted by using letters to indicate the scheme, ABBA, ABCABC)
  32. Sarcasm
    the use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it
  33. Setting
    The time and place in which the events take place in a piece of literature
  34. Shift
    a change or movement in a piece of literature that results from a realization or insight gained by the speaker or reader
  35. Simile
    a comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
  36. Symbol
    any object, person, place, or action that has BOTH meaning itself AND stands for something bigger

    (Example:  a bald eagle is a predatory bird but it can stand for liberty or freedom.)
  37. Syntax

    (Hint:  think of your calculator)
    The arrangement (order) of words and grammatical elements (nouns/verbs/etc) in a sentence.

    When you enter figures into your calculator in the wrong order you get a "syntax" error - therefore, syntax in English is about the order of words, etc. in a sentence to make it proper English.
  38. Theme
    is the CENTRAL MESSAGE of a novel.  It is the IDEA THE AUTHOR WANTS TO CONVEY.

    it cannot be expressed in one word, but must be a sentence or phrase.  For example:  love is a topic not a theme.  But love conquers all is a theme, or how we show our love means everything to those we care about.
  39. Tone
    is the author's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or the audience.  

    (It is conveyed through the author's choice of words and details.)
  40. Dramatic Irony
    when a character says/does something that has a different meaning from what they think it means BUT the reader/other characters understand the whole meaning.
  41. Adage
    A proverb; a wise saying
  42. Bonanza
    A rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable.
  43. Churlish
    Lacking politeness, good manners, or sensitivity
  44. Citadel
    A fortress that overlooks/protects a city.
  45. Collaborate
    To work with, to work together
  46. Decree
    An order having the force of law.  To issue such an order, to command forcefully.
  47. Discordant
    Disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony
  48. Evolve
    To develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
  49. Excerpt
    A passage taken from a book, article, etc..  To take such a passage; to quote.
  50. Grope
    To feel about hesitantly with the hands, to search blindly and uncertainly.
  51. Subjective
    Based or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.
  52. Plot
    The sequence of events in a piece of literature.
  53. Communism
    A system of government based on the idea that the community or state should hold all the property so everyone shares equally.
  54. Flaunt
    To show off
  55. Conviction
    A strong belief or opinion
  56. Lunar
    Having to do with the moon.
  57. Foretells
    To tell beforehand; to predict
  58. Fate
    Things that happen that are beyond a person's control.
  59. Vow
    A solemn promise.
  60. Witness
    A person who sees an incident take place (usually a crime or accident).
  61. forged
    to form (as metal) by heating & hammering
  62. crucible
    a container in which material can be subjected to extreme hear; a severe test
  63. pantheon
    a public building dedicated to heroes
  64. spurned
    to reject or scorn
  65. tumult
    the noise of a big crowd
  66. cringe
    to shrink back in fear
  67. dissident
    one who disagrees
  68. stealthily
    doing something quietly or sneakily
  69. elusive
    tending to avoid or escape by being quick
  70. demoralized
    having lost confidence or hope
  71. refugee
    person forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
  72. humanitarian
    concerned with human welfare
  73. elite
    group of people who consider themselves the best because of wealth, power, or talent
  74. willful
    stubbornly self-willed; done on purpose
  75. unison
    a sounding together; in agreement
  76. relevant
    connected with or related to the matter at hand
  77. comply
    to yield to a request or command
  78. prone
    lying face down; likely to do
  79. residue
    a remainder; that which remains when part is used up
  80. sustain
    to support, to suffer
  81. Content
    Ideas, facts, opinions used in a speech, writing, film, program, etc.
  82. extent
    used to say how true, large, important, or serious something is
  83. conveys
    to communicate or express something
  84. compelling
    very interesting, exciting; so you have to pay attention
  85. task
    a piece of work that must be done
  86. insightful
    showing you understand what a text, situation, or person is really like
  87. comprehension
  88. logically
    seeming reasonable and sensible; ideas are in a clear order
  89. command
  90. concrete details
    definite and specific examples
  91. Assert
    To declare or state as truth, to maintain or defend, to put forward forcefully
  92. Disdain
    To look upon with scorn
  93. Epitaph
    A brief statement written on a gravestone
  94. Facetious
    Humorous; not meant seriously
  95. Prodigal
    Wastefully extravagant
  96. Aloof
    Withdrawn, standing apart from others.
  97. Articulate
    To pronounce distinctly
  98. Abashed
  99. Anguish
    Great suffering, distress, or pain
  100. Bask
    To be in, or expose oneself to pleasant warmth; to take pleasure or derive enjoyment from
  101. Dogged
    Determined in a persistent way
  102. Appalled
  103. Antagonizes
    Arouses other people's dislikes; incur the hostility of others
  104. Bigot
    A prejudiced person
  105. Prejudice
    An unfair/negative opinion of one's character; strong feeling formed before knowing all the facts - discrimination against others
  106. Subservient
    Like a servant
  107. Premeditated
    Planned ahead
  108. Unanimous
    Complete agreement
  109. Grave
    Extremely serious
  110. Reasonable doubt
    lack of complete belief
  111. Hung jury
    Jury that cannot agree on a verdict
  112. Open and shut
    simple, clear-cut manner
  113. elevated train
    a train that runs on tracks that are above the city streets
  114. abstain
    to refrain or not take part in
  115. stereotyped
    passing judgment about a group of people (negatively)
  116. sadist
    a person who takes pleasure in making others suffer
  117. acquitted
    judged someone as innocent
  118. monopoly
    exclusive possession or control of a supply or service
  119. testimony
    a formal written or spoken statement especially given in a court of law.
  120. quarrelsome
    inclined to argue easily
  121. thwart
    to prevent someone from doing something
  122. justified
    done for a good reason
  123. deliberations
    a long careful discussion
  124. blunder
    stupid/careless mistake
  125. Validity
    being logically sound, to be valid/true
  126. credible
    to be believed; to be true
  127. verdict
    a final decision in a court case
  128. sermon
    talk on a religious or moral issue
  129. convict
    to declare someone guilty
  130. integrity
    quality of being honest and having strong moral principles
Card Set
Geneseo 8th Grade Vocabulary Flashcards
Geneseo 8th Grade Vocabulary flashcards