Hydrotherapy MBLEX

  1. Properties of water that make in an effective medium for hydrotherapy
    • Accessible, abundant, affordable
    • Universal solent
    • Can be used in any form (solid, liquid, gas) within a narrow temperature range
    • High specific heat; excellent ability carry and give off heat
    • Compatibility with body. Our bodies are comprised mostly of water.
    • conductivity; transfers quickly & effectively. The transfer of heat in water is 25 times faster than air.
    • Control of temperature is easy
    • Fluditiy allows for contouring to any body part, giving full contact to any treated areas ex. gel packs
  2. Temperatures
    Very Hot
    Very Cold

    Boiling Point of Water
    Freezing Point
    Core Body Temp
    Paraffin Bath Wax
    • Very Hot: 105-115
    • Hot: 100-104
    • Warm: 92-99
    • Tepid or Lukewarm: 80-91
    • Cool: 65-79
    • Cold: 55-64
    • Very Cold: 32-54
    • Boiling Point of Water: 212
    • Freezing Point: 32
    • Core Body Temp: 98.6
    • Paraffin Bath Wax: 120
    • Hydroculator: 160-166
    • Burns: 125
  3. The application of cold agents for therapeutic purposes
  4. Duration - Physiological Effects (local) - Circulatory Effects
    Short Cold & Long Cold
    • Short Cold: less than one minute: Initial Vasoconstriction, Secondary Vasodilation, Vasoconstriction / increased circulation & metabolism of the cells
    • Long Cold: More than one minute, usually up to ten to fifteen minutes, 20 min max., Vasoconstriction, decrease circulation and metabolism
  5. Moist Heat vs. Dry Heat
    • Dry heat allows for higher surface temperatures
    • Moist heat is able to penetrate deeper layers of tissue, affecting the muscle, not just the skin and superficial layers.
    • Water conducts heat faster and better than air
  6. Safety Precautions for Heat Packs and Fomentations
    • Never lay one pack on top of another
    • Do not use toweling that is already moist
    • Do not use packs over cuts or abrasions
    • Do not use packs in conjunctions with balms or liniments
    • Always apply packs to client; never lay the client on the packs
    • When wrapping chemical gel packs, one or tow layers may be sufficient
  7. Applications for Heat Treatments
    • Gel Packs
    • Paraffin Bath
    • Hot Footbath
    • Heat Packs and Fomentations/Compresses
    • Electric heating pad and blankets
    • Hot immersion bath
    • Balneotherapy (whirlpools, therapeutic pools, hydro-massage)
    • Medicated bath
    • Sitz bath
    • Steam and sauna
    • Showers
    • Irrigations (colonics, enemas)
    • Prossage
  8. Who was the first hydrotherapist
    Vincent Preissnitz
  9. Father of Hydrotherapy, cured himself of tuberculosis
    Father Kneipp
  10. Who brought Kneipp's teachings to America
    • Benedict Lust
    • Henry Lindlar
  11. "Scientific hydrotherapy" was brought to the U.S. by two other physicians
    • Simon Baruch
    • John Harvey Kellogg
  12. A prominent Viennese physician, wrote more than 200 books and articles on hydrotherapy
    Wilhelm Winternitz
  13. What is Hydrotherapy
    • is the use of water in any of its three forms:
    • SOLID
    • LIQUID
    • VAPOR
    • Internally or externally, in the treatment of disease or trauma
  14. Hydrotherapy affects what systems
    • nervous
    • circulatory
    • musculoskeletal
  15. What is the goal
    It's all about blood flow, IMPROVING blood flow
  16. The 10 Commandments of Hydrotherapy
    • Always explain the procedure ahead of time
    • Keep a clear written record of hydrotherapy treatments
    • Treat the client before or 90 minutes after meals
    • With intense hydrotherapy treatments, treat the client at his/her strong time of day
    • take the client's body temperature and heart rate before, during and after to gauge the client's response to treatemnt
    • With intense heat treatments, it is important to always end with cold
    • Allow time and space for the client to rest after his/her hydrotherapy treatment
    • The larger the body part exposed to hot or cold, the lower the body's tolerance to the tratement
    • never apply heat if there is the possibility of bleeding and/or bruising
    • When in doubt, use cold. Cold is appropriate for any stage of injury.
  17. General Contraindications
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Pregnancy
    • MS
    • Heart Disorders
    • Severe Kidney Infection
    • Diabetes (Advanced)
    • Peripheral Neuropathy
    • Uncontrolled high or low blood pressure
    • Infectious skin disorders
    • Cancer
    • Vascular Disease/Peripheral Vascular Disease
    • Alcohol or Drug Intoxication
    • Undiagnosed Illness
    • Whiplash
    • HIV/AIDS
  18. Specific Contraindications to Cold Treatments
    • Acute Asthma
    • Cold Allergies (allergic to cold)
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
  19. Specific Contraindications to Heat Treatments
    • Any acute inflammation
    • Known malignancy
    • Heat sensitivies
    • Sunburns
    • Burns
    • Recent/potential hemorrhage
    • Infection
    • Where liminments/heat rubs have recently been used
    • Hypertension/cardiac disorders
    • Varicose veins
  20. Negative Reactions to Hydrotherapy
    • COLD: Cyanosis
    • COLD: Red marbling of skin
    • COLD: Pain: stop treatment if the px spreads or is deep bone-chilling and lasts longer than one minute without moving through the cold/pain sensations
    • HEAT: Fullness or congestion in head
    • HEAT: Dizziness or lightheadness
    • HEAT: Faintness, fatigue or nausea
Card Set
Hydrotherapy MBLEX
Hydrotherapy MBLEX