Neuroanatomy and Neuerophysiology

  1. Frontal Lobe
    Holds primary motor cortex. Voluntary complex movement, judgement, attention, awareness, thinking, mood, aggression.
  2. Broca's Area
    In the frontal lobe. Most people in left lobe. Motor speech
  3. Parietal Lobe
    Primary sensory cortex, processor, perception (meaning), special body regions assigned (homunculus), short term memory.
  4. Wernicke's Area
    Hearing and understanding language. Temporal lobe, commonly the left.
  5. Occipital Lobe.
    Primary visual cortex. Responsible for sensory visual intake info at visual cortex.
  6. Cerebellum
    Balance, posture, coordination, and complex muscular movements. Monitors movement requested vs movement preferred.
  7. Right Hemisphere.
    Non-verbal, artistic, processing of info without looking at all details, grasp general concepts. Eye/hand coordination, spatial relationships, non-verbal communication  (use and interpretation), body image, movement/posture, anger/unhappiness, aware of body image, perceiving negative emotions.
  8. Left Hemisphere
    Primary speech and language center. 95% of pop has Brocca's and Wernike's on left. Sequential, orderly, organized processing of info (logic, linear). Frontal and temporal recognize spoken/written words. Math calculations.. Positive emotions happiness/love. Sequencing of movements/performance/gestures.
  9. Basal Ganglia
    Group of nuclei located at the base of the cerebrum. Regulation of posture and muscle tone. Control motor planning in cerebrum.
  10. Diencephalon
    Synapse location for sensory tracts, visual, and auditory. Thalamus and hypothalamus.
  11. Thalamus (group of nuclei)
    Relay station for all sensory impulses traveling upward from the body (except smell), sends into to cerebrum for interpretation, relays to association areas.
  12. Hypothalamus (group of nuclei)
    Homeostasis, autonomic (hunger, thirst, body temp, BP, sleep/wake). Endocrine (hormones), ANS, controls pituitary gland.
  13. Brain Stem
    Midbrain, pons, and medulla.
  14. Midbrain
    Relay area for tracts passing between cerebrum and cerebellum or spinal cord.
  15. Pons
    Bundles of axons between cerebellum and the rest of the CNS. Regulates breathing. Orientation of head. Cranial nerves V-VIII (motor and sensory of face)
  16. Medulla
    Extension of spinal cord: motor and sensory for neck and mouth. Controls for HR, RR, reflex center for vomiting, sneezing, swallowing, homeostasis.
Card Set
Neuroanatomy and Neuerophysiology
Ch1 PP and check off info