Med Surg Ch 14 Genetics, Altered Immune Responses, and Transplantation

  1. If a person is heterozygous for a given gene, it means that the person




    D.
  2. A father who has a sex-linked recessive disorder and a wife with a normal genotype will




    B.
  3. The function of monocytes in immunity is related to their ability to




    C.
  4. One function of cell-mediated immunity is




    B.
  5. The reason newborns are protected for the first 6 months of life from bacterial infections is because of the maternal transmission of




    C.
  6. In a type I hypersensitivity reaction, the primary immunologic disorder appears to be




    A.
  7. The nurse is alerted to possible anaphylactic shock immediately after a patient has received intramuscular penicillin by the development of




    D.
  8. The nurse advises a friend who asks him to administer his allergy shots that




    D.
  9. Association between HLA antigens and diseases is most commonly found in what disease conditions?




    A.
  10. A patient is undergoing plasmapheresis for treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus. The nurse explains that plasmapheresis is used in her treatment to




    B.
  11. The most common cause of secondary immunodeficiencies is




    A.
  12. Which of the following accurately describes rejection following transplantation?




    B.
  13. If a person is having an acute rejection of a transplanted organ, which of the following drugs would most likely be used?




    B.
  14. The 22 homologous pairs of chromosomes
    autosomes
  15. Double-stranded molecule-forming gene; stores genetic information
    DNA
  16. Position of a gene on a chromosome
    allele
  17. Gene that has no noticeable effect on the phenotype in a heterozygous individual
    recessive allele
  18. Structure in cell nucleus that carries genes
    chromosome
  19. Basic unit of heredity; arranged on chromosome
    gene
  20. One of two or more alternative forms of a gene on a particular locus
    allele
  21. Gene that expressed in the phenotype of a heterozygous individual
    dominant allele
  22. Genetic physical traits expressed by an individual
    phenotype
  23. Actual genetic make-up of an individual
    genotype
  24. Single-stranded nucleic acid that transfers genetic information for protein synthesis
    RNA
  25. To stimulate an immune response, an antigen must be




    B.
  26. T lymphocytes that are involved in direct attack and destruction of foreign pathogens are




    C.
  27. Interferon is a cytokine that




    B.
  28. The humoral immune response involves




    A.
  29. Activated B lymphocytes differentiate primarily into




    D.
  30. Protects body surfaces and mucous membranes. Passed to neonate in colostrum.





    D.
  31. Assists in B lymphocyte differentiation





    B.
  32. Responsible for allergic reactions. Assists in parasitic infections.





    A.
  33. Crosses placenta for fetal protection. Predominant in secondary immune response





    D.
  34. Predominant in primary immune response. Antibodies against ABO blood antigens.





    E.
  35. The central organs of the lymphoid system are the ________ and the ________.
    bone marrow and thymus gland
  36. The primary cells involved in the immune response are _______, ________, and __________.
    T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and macrophages
  37. The lymphoid organ primarily responsible for filtering foreign substances from the blood is the _________.
    spleen
  38. Lymphocytes that differentiate into B lymphocytes are processed in the _________; T lymphocytes are differentiated in the _________.
    bone marrow, thymus gland
  39. The use of a vector to carry genetic material into cells of the body is performed with




    C.
  40. When administering immunotherapy to a patient, the nurse must




    B.
Author
FeverRN
ID
23481
Card Set
Med Surg Ch 14 Genetics, Altered Immune Responses, and Transplantation
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Genetics, Altered Immune Responses, and Transplantation
Updated