PSY 466 - Exam 1

  1. Sexuality
    the feelings, behaviors, and identities associated with sex
  2. Sexism
    prejudice or discrimination directed against one sex - usually women
  3. Anatomist
    researcher who studies the structure of the body
  4. Spermatozoon
    a male gamete, produced in the testes
  5. Ovum
    a mature female gamete, prior to/immediately after fertilization
  6. Homosexual
    sexually attracted to persons of one's own sex
  7. Sex Research
    the scientific study of sex
  8. Sexology
    the scientific study of sex, especially of sexual dysfunctions
  9. Heterosexual
    sexually attracted to persons of the opposite sex
  10. Anthropology
    the study of cultural/biological variations across the human race
  11. Matrilineal
    tracing descent through the female line
  12. Feminism
    the movement to secure equality for women, the study of social and psychological issues from women's perspectives
  13. Socialization
    the effect of social influences on the development of psychological/behavioral traits
  14. Gender
    the collection of psychological traits that differ between males and females
  15. Transgender
    having a gender identity that is discordant with one's anatomical sex
  16. Transsexual
    one who identifies with the other sex and who seeks to transition to the other sex by means of hormone treatment and sex reassignment surgery
  17. Sex Hormones
    chemical messengers that influence sexual and reproductive processes
  18. Reproductive Physiology
    the study of fertility and pregnancy
  19. Microbiology
    the study of microscopic organisms, especially those that cause disease
  20. Erectile Dysfunction (AKA impotence)
    a persistent inability to achieve/maintain an erection sufficient to accomplish a desired sexual behavior
  21. Neuroscience
    the study of the nervous system
  22. Sexual Orientation
    the direction of a person's sexual feelings toward persons of the same sex, the opposite sex, or both sexes
  23. Psychology
    the study of mental processes and behavior
  24. Social Psychology
    the study of our relationship to others
  25. Control Group
    a group of subjects included in a study for comparison purposes - who do not receive treatment
  26. Cognitive Psychology
    the study of the information processing systems of the mind
  27. Endocrinology
    the study of glands and hormones
  28. Genetics
    the study of the mechanisms of inheritance
  29. Psychobiology
    the study of the biological basis of mental processes and behavior
  30. Evolutionary Psychology
    the study of the influence of evolution on mental processes or behavior
  31. Cultural Psychology
    the study of the interactions between culture and mental processes or behaviors
  32. Psychological Anthropology
    the study of the interaction of cultural and mental processes.
  33. Partible Paternity
    the belief that 2 or more men may be fathers of the same child
  34. Clinical Psychology
    the assessment/treatment of mental/behavioral problems, as practiced by a psychologist
  35. Sex Therapist
    a person who treats sexual dysfunctions, usually by recommending behavioral changes and sexual exercises
  36. Marriage and Family Counselor
    therapists who assess or treat interpersonal problems arising between spouses or other intimate partners
  37. Sociology
    the scientific study of society
  38. Script Theory
    the analysis of sexual and other behaviors as the enactment of socially instilled roles
  39. Ethnography
    the study of a cultural group - often by means of extended individual fieldwork
  40. Procreation
    production of offspring
  41. Celibate
    living under a vow not to marry or engage in sexual relations
  42. Polygamy
    marriage to or mating with more than one partner
  43. Evolution
    the change in the genetic makeup of living populations over time
  44. Heritable
    capable of being passed down from parent to offspring
  45. Natural Selection
    the survival and reproduction of those individuals that are best adapted to their environment
  46. Gene
    a stretch of DNA that is transcribed as a functional unit; a unit of inheritance
  47. DNA
    the linear molecule that forms the chemical basis of genes in all species except for some viruses
  48. Chromosome
    a rod-shaped nuclear organelle composed of DNA and associated proteins
  49. Genome
    an organism's entire complement of DNA, including all its genes
  50. Conjunction
    contact between two bacteria accompanied by the transfer of a short stretch of DNA from one to another

    - transfer mechanism
  51. Eukaryote
    an organism whose cells contain nuclei
  52. Mitosis
    cell division in which the chromosome number is preserved
  53. Asexual Reproduction
    reproduction in which all the offspring's genes are inherited from a single parent
  54. Sexual Reproduction
    reproduction in which the offspring inherit genes from two parents
  55. Gamete
    a germ cell (sperm/ovum) that fuses with another to form a new organism
  56. Haploid
    possessing half the usual complement of chromosomes
  57. Diploid
    possessing the full complement of chromosomes
  58. Meiosis
    a pair of cell divisions that produces haploid gametes
  59. Gonad
    an organ that produces gametes (testis/ovary)
  60. Adaptive
    helping the propagation of an organism's genes
  61. Red Queen hypothesis
    the idea that sexual reproduction is advantageous because it helps defend organisms against parasites
  62. Polymorphism
    a common genetic variation between individuals in a species
  63. Investment
    the commitment or expenditure of resources for a goal, such as reproductive success
  64. Ovum
    a mature female gamete, prior to or immediately after fertilization
  65. Sperm
    a male gamete, produced in the testis
  66. Hermaphrodite
    an organism that combines male and female reproductive functions
  67. Sex Determination
    the biological mechanism that determines whether an organism will be male/female
  68. Autosome
    any chromosome other than a sex chromosome
  69. Sex Chromosome
    either of a pair of chromosomes (x or y in mammals) that differ between the sexes
  70. X Chromosome
    a sex chromosome that is preset as two copies in females and one copy in males
  71. Y Chromosome
    a sex chromosome that is present only in males
  72. Zygote
    a cell formed by the fusion of gametes - a fertilized ovum
  73. SRY (Sex-determining Region of the Y Chromosome)
    a gene located on the Y Chromosome that causes the embryo to develop as a male
  74. Sexual Selection
    the evolution of traits under the pressure of competition for mates or of choice by mates
  75. Internal Fertilization
    fertilization within the body
  76. Gestation
    bearing young in the uterus; pregnancy
  77. Location
    the production of milk in the mammary glands
  78. Semen
    the fluid containing sperm and a variety of chemical compounds, that is discharged from the penis (ejaculated) at the male sexual climax
  79. Pheromone
    a volatile compound that is released by one organism and that triggers a specific behavior in another member of the same species
  80. Fluctuating Asymmetry
    A difference between the left and right sides of the body that results from random perturbations of development
  81. Copulation
    sexual intercourse, coitus
  82. Estrus
    the restricted period within the ovarian cycle when females of some species are sexually receptive - "heat"
  83. Proceptive Behavior
    behavior by females that may elicit sexual advances by males
  84. Monogamy
    marriage limited to 2 people/ a sexual relationship in which neither partner has sexual contact with others
  85. Pair Bond
    a durable sexual relationship between 2 individuals
  86. Polygyny
    the marriage/mating of one male with more than one female
  87. Polyandry
    the marriage/mating of one female with more than one male
  88. Sexual Monogamy
    a sexually exclusive pair bond
  89. Social Monogamy
    a pair bond that is not sexually exclusive
  90. Promiscuity
    engaging in numerous casual/short-lived sexual relationships
  91. Paternity Test
    a test to identify an individual's father by DNA analysis
  92. Mate Guarding
    a behavior in which a male animal prevents sexual contact between his mate and other males
  93. Kin Selection
    the theory that it can be evolutionarily advantageous to support the reproductive success of close relatives
  94. Inclusive Fitness
    the likelihood that an individual's genes will be represented in future generations, both in direct descendants and in the descendants of close relatives
  95. External Genitalia
    the sexual structures on the outside of the body
  96. Vulva
    the female external genetalia
  97. Mons Veneris (mons)
    the frontmost component of the vulva; a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic symphysis
  98. Pubic Symphisis
    the junction of the left and right pubic bones, the frontmost elements of the pelvic skeleton
  99. Labia Majora
    the outer lips; fleshy skin folds, partially covered in pubic hair, that extend from the mons
  100. Labia Minora
    the inner lips; hairless, loose folds of skin located between the labia majora and immediately flanking the vestibule
  101. Clitoris
    the erectile organ in females; external portion that's located at the junction of the labia minora, just in front of the vestibule
  102. Glans
    the terminal knob of the clitoris or penis
  103. Erection
    the expansion and stiffening of the clitoris, penis, or nipples in response to sexual stimulation or fantasy
  104. Hymen
    a membrane, usually perforated or incomplete, that covers the vaginal opening
  105. Imperforate Hymen
    a hymen that completely closes the introitus (vaginal opening)
  106. Urethra
    the canal that conveys urine from the bladder to the urethral opening; also serves for the discharge of ejaculatory fluids (in males)
  107. Perineum
    the region of skin between the anus and the scrotum/vulva
  108. Vagina
    a muscular tube extending 8-10 cm from the vestibule to the uterine cervix
  109. Coitus
    penetration of the vagina by the penis
  110. Gräfenberg Spot (G-Spot)
    a controversial area of increased erotic sensitivity on or deep within the front wall of the vagina
  111. Paraurethral Glands
    female equivalent of the male prostate gland - associated with "squirting"
  112. Anus
    the exit of the gastrointestinal tract
  113. Uterus
    the womb; a pear-shaped region of the female reproductive tract through which sperm are transported and where the conceptus implants and develops
  114. Cervix
    the lowermost, narrow portion of the uterus that connects with the vagina
  115. Endometrium
    the internal lining of the uterus
  116. Myometrium
    the muscular layers of the wall of the uterus
  117. Menstruation
    the breakdown of the endometrium at approximately monthly intervals, with consequent loss of tissue and blood from the vagina
  118. Pap Test
    the microscopic examination of a sample of epithelial cells taken from the cervix or anus
  119. Oviduct (Fallopian Tubes)
    either of 2 bilateral tubes that lead from the uterus toward the ovaries - the usual site of fertilization
  120. Ovary
    female gonad, produces ova and secretes sex stroids
  121. Oocyte
    a cell capable of developing into an ovum
  122. Mammary Glands
    the milk-producing glands within the breasts
  123. Secondary Sexual Characteristics
    anatomical characteristics (i.e. breasts and facial hair) that generally differ between the sexes but are not used to define an individual's sex
  124. Lobules
    located in the lobes of the breast
  125. Alveoli
    located in the lobules of the lobes
  126. Milk producing cells
    located in the alveoli of breasts
Card Set
PSY 466 - Exam 1
History, Evolution, Female, Male