ARHS 160

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  1. Iconography
    the images and symbolic representations that re traditionally associated with a person or subject
  2. Triptych
    a work of art, usually a panel painting, that is divided into three sections
  3. Diptych
    any object with two flat plates attached at a hinge
  4. Polyptych
    refers to a painting (usually panel painting) which is divided into sections, or panels.
  5. Medium/Media
    The materials used to construct the work of art
  6. Engraving
    a print made from an engraved plate, block, or other surface.
  7. Intaglio
    a design incised or engraved into a material.
  8. Vitruvius
    Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80–70 BC, died after c. 15 BC) was a Roman writer, architect and engineer. The Vitruvian Man is a world-renowned drawing created by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1487.
  9. Giorgio Vasari
    was an Italian painter, architect, writer and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
  10. Trade Guilds
    An association of persons of the same trade or pursuits, formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards
  11. Sfumato
    the definition of form in painting without abrupt outline by the blending of one tone into another
  12. Impasto
    A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
  13. Contrapposto
    • The position of a figure in painting or sculpture in which the hips and legs are turned in a different direction from that of the shoulders and head; the twisting of a figure on its own vertical axis.
  14. Trompe-l' oeil
    Style of representation in which a painted object is intended to deceive the viewer into believing it is the object itself. First employed by the ancient Greeks, trompe l'oeil was also popular with Roman muralists. Since the early Renaissance, European painters have used trompe l'oeil to create false frames from which the contents of still lifes or portraits seemed to spill and to paint windowlike images that appeared to be actual openings in a wall or ceiling.
  15. Intaria
    Form of wood inlay. Italian intarsia, or inlaid mosaic of wood, which probably derived from East Asian ivory and wood inlay, found its richest expression during the Renaissance in Italy (c. 1400–1600). It was often used in panels over the backs of choir stalls and in private studies and chapels of princes.
  16. Fresco
    the art of painting on freshly spread moist lime plaster with water-based pigments
  17. Giornata
    an art term, originating from an Italian word which means "a day's work." The term is used in Buon fresco mural painting and describes how much painting can be done in a single day of painting.
  18. Low-relief
    Sculptural form in which figures are carved in a flat surface and project only slightly from the background rather than standing freely. Depending on the degree of projection, reliefs may also be classified as high or medium relief.
  19. High-relief
    where in general more than half the mass of the sculpted figure projects from the background, indeed the most prominent elements of the composition, especially heads and limbs, are often completely undercut, detaching them from the field.
  20. Foreshortening
    To shorten the lines of (an object) in a drawing or other representation so as to produce an illusion of projection or extension in space.
  21. Mannerism
    a style of 16th-century Italian art preceding the Baroque, characterized by unusual effects of scale, lighting, and perspective, and the use of bright, often lurid colors. It is particularly associated with the work of Pontormo, Vasari,and the later Michelangelo.
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ARHS 160
ARHS Exam 1
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