assessment eyes

  1. what is the Hirschberg Test?
    positive light reflex test
  2. What is the name of the eye chart used for literate adults
    Snelling Standard Chart
  3. What does PERRLA stand for?
    • Pupils
    • Equal (look the same)
    • Round
    • Reactive
    • Light
    • Accommodation
  4. how to check for red reflex
    approach from oblique angle about 14 inches from client and watch for the red flash in eyes
  5. Another name for tear glands and ducts is
    Lacrimal apparatus
  6. Does an infant have tears at birth?
    No, not until 3 months
  7. how to check for misalignment in infants eyes
    Cover test - look at something cover one eye move cover eye should focus on object
  8. children do not have 20/20 vision until what age?
    6-7 yrs of age
  9. test for color vision is important for children
  10. how does vision change in the elderly
    • decreased acuity, peripheral vision (especially)
    • pupils react sluggishly
    • Arcus senilis - thin gray line around cornea
    • orbital fat decreases
  11. steps of checking external eye
    • Visual Acuity (eye chart)
    • near, far, peripheral
    • Appearance (inspect)
    • eye lids, lashes, conjunctiva, sclera, pupils, red reflex
    • Palpation
    • Lacrimal Glands
  12. what is UAP?
    unlicensed Assisted Personal.
  13. Can nurses delegate analysis and interpretation to an UAP?
  14. When would you use the Snelling E chart?
    for clients that are unable to read
  15. assessment external structures of the eye
    • ask pt to raise and lower eyebrows
    • Normal findings:
    • hair evenly distributed
    • skin intact
    • symmetrical
    • equal movement
  16. assessment eyelashes
    • visually inspect
    • normal findings:
    • equally distributed
    • curled slightly outward
  17. assessment external eye structures
    • inspect open and closed
    • normal findings:
    • skin intact
    • no discharge or discoloration
    • lids close symmetrically
    • bilaterally blinking
    • 15-20 blinks per min
  18. what does 20/20 stand for on Snelling Chart
    • numerator is the number of feet away from the chart
    • denominator is the distance a normal eye could read the chart
  19. Myopia
  20. Hyperopia
  21. Presbyopia
    • loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of the ability to see close objects
    • (require bifocals)
  22. Astigmatism
    • uneven curvature of the cornea
    • common problem
    • may occur with myopia and hyperopia
  23. Conjunctivitis
    • inflammation of the bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva
    • result of foreign body, chemical agent
    • bacteria
    • virus
  24. Dacryocystitis
    inflammation of the lacrimal sac
  25. Hordeolum
    • Sty
    • redness tenderness and swelling of the hair follicle and glands that empty at the edge of the eyelid
  26. Cataracts
    this opacity of the lens or its capsule, which blocks light rays
  27. Glaucoma
    disturbance in the circulation  of aqueous fluid, which causes increased ocular pressure
  28. Mydriasis
    enlarged pupils
  29. miosis
    constricted pupils
Card Set
assessment eyes
assessment eyes