1. that, if, before, after, until, unless, whether, as soon as, in case, when, where and while
    Never use comma before this conjuctions!
  2. and 
    A comma is always used before the conjunctions

    Her name is Françoise, and she was born in France

    Make sure that the word but or and is a conjunction (is followed by the subject and the verb
  3. All the other conjuctions
    comma is optional
  4. Countable nouns - quantity words - plural
    Many, a few/few, fewer/ fewest, amount
  5. Uncountable nouns - quantity words- singular
    Much, a little/little, less/least, amount
  6. Words that describe number and amount
    Great, large, small
  7. Words that describe percent,percentage,score, rate
    High, low
  8. When to use "of" in gerund
    • Approve of- approving of
    • Confess of-confessing of
    • Dispose of-disposing of
    • Consist of-consisting of
  9. Words that cannot be used in passive voice
    Evolve, double, derive, originate, graduate
  10. Intensity adverbs
    Very, rather, so, quite, little, a little, much, far ....
  11. Frequency adverbs
    Constantly, permanently, always, often, frequently, temporarily, usually, regularly, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, seldom, never
  12. Gradually/eventually
    Exceptional adverbs of manner that function like the adverbs of frequency
  13. Degree adverbs
    Only, nearly, hardly, scarcely, just, barely, certainly, definitely, even, typically, virtually, almost, totally, fully, specifically, originally, primarily, also, mere, a mere
  14. exceptional adjective and adverb with same endings
    lovely, friendly, lively, costly, early
  15. special adjective to adverb transformation
    good (adj.)  -> well( adv.)
  16. hard(adj.)
    • hard (adverb)  same meaning
    • hardly (adverb) means almost not
  17. late(adj.)
    • late(adv.)
    • lately(adv.) -> recently
  18. high(adj.)
    • high(adv.)
    • deep(adv.)
    • deeply(adv.) very much
    • highly(adv.) very much
  19. wide(adj.)
    • wide(adv.)
    • widely(adv.) all over
  20. flat(adj.)
    • flat(adv.)
    • flatly(adv.) exactly
  21. mere (adj.) Simple
    mere / a mere (adv)  as little as / as few as (only)

    merely(adv) simply

    • a/mere+ number = correct
    • merely+ number = wrong
  22. any part of speech after the linking verbs or thier infinitives turns into adjective:
    • be, become
    • get,grow ->  only when they mean become
    • remain
    • stay-> only when it means remain
    • seem
    • appear-> only when it means seem
    • consider
  23. any part of speech after the verbs of senses or their infinitives turns into adjective
    feel, smell,taste, look, sound
  24. Can be only conjunction
    because, therefore, altough, even tough, tough,thereby
  25. common prepositions
    including, regarding, concerning, according to, during
  26. prepositions and conjunctions to remmber
    • prepositions:            conjunctions:
    • in spite of                altough
    • despite                    even tough
    • despite of - wrong!    tough
    • Because of ( בגלל)      Because(מפני ש)
    • till                          untill 
    • but(חוץ מ)                 but(אבל)
    • for( בשביל)                for(מפני ש)
Card Set