Quarter 4 micro: blood and tissue protazoa

  1. what species is malaria
  2. What are the two most common and least common plasmodia that cause malaria
    • Most common
    • Plasmodium Vivax
    • Plasmodium Falciparum

    • Least
    • Plasmodium ovale
    • Plasmodium malariae
  3. What type of motility do plasmodium and toxoplasma have
    sporozoan (no motility)
  4. What time of motility do trypanosoma and leishmania have
    • flagellatesĀ 
    • aka: hemoflagellates
  5. where do 90% of malaria deaths occur
    sub-saharan africa
  6. what is the main cause of pathological findings of malaria
    red blood cell destruction
  7. explain the pathogenesis of malaria
    Plasmodium sporozoites enter the blood stream and migrate to the liver and form a cyst containing merozoites which then infect the blood becoming trophozoites and causeing spleenomegaly
  8. what are the forms of transmission of malaria
    • mosquitoes
    • placental
    • intravenous drug use
  9. what is the most common lethal infectious disease
    malaria (1 million/yr)
  10. What form of malaria is life threatening via kidney and brain damage
    P. Falciparum
  11. Clinical presentation: fever, chills, myalgia, arthralgias, anemia, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly in 1/3 pt.
  12. what is the drug of choice for malaria
    Chloroquine followed by premaquine
  13. what is chemoprophylaxis used to prevent
  14. what is the complication of plasmodium falciparum that is characterized by intravascular hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, kidney failure
    blackwater fever
  15. what is the vector of toxoplamsa gondii
    Cat feces
  16. what is the motility of toxoplasma gondii
  17. what is the primary cause of death for toxoplasmosis
  18. what drugs are used to treat toxoplasmosis
    • sulfadiazine
    • pyramethamine
  19. vector blacklegged tick
  20. what is the incubation period for babesia
    1-3 weeks
  21. how long does it take for a tick to transmit babesia
    6-20 hrs
Card Set
Quarter 4 micro: blood and tissue protazoa