American Government

  1. The Declaration of Independence contains a strong belief that government is the creation and servant of the______
  2. Under the Articles of Confederation the _______ retained most political power.
  3. Supporters of the proposed COnstitution called themselves _________.
  4. The __________ authorizes Congress to pass laws allowing it to carry into execution its expressed powers
    Elastic clause
  5. The British Constitution can be changed by an act of Parliament. T/F
  6. Virtual unanimity existed in the colonies in favor of declaring independence in 1776. T/F
  7. One of the few successes of Congress under the Articles of Confederation was the Northwest Ordinance. T/F
  8. As written, the Constitution of the United States facilitates the creation of political parties and interest groups, called "factions" by Madison. T/F
  9. The Constitution of the United States is longer than most state constitutions. T/F
  10. Prior to the American Revolution, British leaders in Londan

    a) attempted to force the colonies to raise armies for self defense

    b) repealed the Townshend Acts, allowing the colonies to tax.

    c) gave colonies power to appoint their own governors

    d) attempted to bring the colonies under more direct control.
    d) attempted to bring the colonies under more direct control.
  11. Which of the following is not a major them in the Declaration of Independence?

    A) Humankind shares an equality.

    B) Government is a divinely ordained compact between people and God. 

    C) The rights that all people intrinsically posses constitute a higher law binding government

    D) Governments are bound by their own laws
    B) Government is a divinely ordained compact between people and God.
  12. One of the major deficiencies of the Articles of Confederation was

    A) too great policymaking role for the national courts

    B) the ability of the states to declare war separately

    C) The ease by which the Articles could be amended by the states

    D) the absence of sufficient power in the central government
    D) the absence of sufficient power in the central government
  13. One of the few successes of the Articles of Confederation was the 

    A) Annapolis Convention

    B) Northwest Ordinance

    C) Townshend Acts

    D) three-fifths compromise
    B) Northwest Ordinance
  14. In order for the Constitution to go into effect it had to be approved by

    A) All of the state legislatures.

    B) seven of the thirteen state legislatures

    C) popularly elected conventions in nine states

    D) popularly elected conventions in all of the states
    C) popularly elected conventions in nine states
  15. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798

    A) called for the Supreme Court to have the power of judicial review.

    B) favored decentralized over centralized judicial review

    C) claimed for the states the final authority to interpret the Constitution

    D) called for Congress to have the power of judicial review
    C) claimed for the states the final authority to interpret the Constitution
  16. Politics
    the process of peacefully reconciling social and economic differences.
  17. Capitalism
    An economic system based on private ownership of property and free economic competition among individuals and businesses.
  18. Ideology
    A set of ideas concerning the proper political and economic system under which people should live.
  19. Government
    The political and administrative organization of a state, nation, or locality.
  20. Collective goods
    Something of value that, by its nature, can be made available only to everybody or not to anyone at all.
  21. Positive State
    A government that helps provide the goods, services, and conditions for a prosperous equitable society.
  22. Minimalist state
    A government that restricts its activities to providing only goods that the free market cannot produce.
  23. Democracy
    A system of government based on majority rule.
  24. Constitutionalism
    The belief in limiting governmental power by a written charter.
  25. Articles of Confederation
    The first plan of a national government for the thirteen American states was replaced by the Constitution. Under the Articles, the states retained most political power.
  26. Shay's Rebellion
    The rebellion, a revolt by farmers from Massachusetts in 1776-1787 over lack of economic relief, led many to believe that a stronger central government was necessary.
  27. Annapolis Convention
    • The meeting of delegates from five states in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1786
    • to consider a common policy for trade among the American states.
    • Resulted in a recommendation for a constitutional convention the following year
  28. Northwest Ordinance
    This major statute, enacted by Congress in 1787 under the Articles of Confederation, provided for the development and government of lands west of Pennsylvania.
  29. Virginia Plan
    The first plan of union proposed at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 called for a strong central government.
  30. New Jersey Plan
    Introduced in the Constitutional Convention in opposition to the Virginia Plan, it emphasized the dominance of the states.
  31. Great Compromise
    Sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise, this agreement at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 to accept representation by population in House and by states in the Senate was arranged by the delegation from Connecticut
  32. three-fifths compromise
    A temporary resolution to the controversy over slavery, this agreement allowed slaveholding states to count each slave as three-fifths of a person for purposes of congressional representation
  33. Federalists
    • A term for persons in favor a strong central government.
    • Dominant party during the Washington and Adams administration
  34. Antifederalists
    • opposed ratification of the constitution in 1787 and 1788 
    • opposed  policies associated with a strong central government such as a national bank
  35. The Federalist
    A series of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison and published in New York newspapers in 1787 and 1788 urging ratification of the Constitution
  36. Republican
    representative government
  37. Checks and balances
    • Power divided among the three branches
    •      Legislative
    •      Executive 
    •      Judicial
  38. writ of mandamus
    Order by a court to a public official to perform a non-discretionary or ministerial act
  39. Marbury v. Madison
    Landmark decision by the Supreme Court in 1803 establishing the Supreme Court's power of judicial review.
  40. Original jurisdiction
    • Authority of a court over cases that begin in that court.
    • The original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is very small
  41. appellate jurisdiction
    Includes cases a court receives from lower courts.
  42. Judicial review
    The authority of courts to set aside a legislative act as being in violation of the Constitution.
  43. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
    these state documents declared states to be the final authority on the meaning of the Constitution.
Card Set
American Government