8th Grade World Geography Chapter 1

  1. Lines that circle the earth parallel to the Equator and measure the distance north or south of the equator in degrees.
    Lines of Latitude
  2. Parallels north of the Equator
    North Latitude
  3. Parallels south of the Equator
    South Latitude
  4. Another name for lines of Latitude
  5. Another name for Lines of Longitude
  6. Lines that circle the earth from Pole to Pole. They measure distances east or west of the starting line.
    Lines of Longitude
  7. The starting line that lies at 0 degrees longitude on the earth, and runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich England.
    Prime Meridian
  8. Places east of the Prime Meridian
    East Longitude
  9. Places West of the Prime Meridian
    West Longitude
  10. For precise readings, each degree of latitude and longitude are subdivided into 60 units called_____________.
  11. a specific place on earth
  12. The exact spot at which the place is found on a globe.
    absolute location
  13. Halves of the earth
  14. The pattern formed when lines of latitude and longitude cross.
    grid system
  15. Locating a place in relation to other places
    relative location
  16. a particular space with physical and human meaning
  17. areas united by specific factors
  18. What three types of regions to geographers identify?
    • Formal
    • Functional
    • Perceptual
  19. a region defined by a product produced there.
    Formal Region
  20. A central place and the surrounding area linked to it, for example by a highway system.
    functional region
  21. a region defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data.
    perceptual region
  22. a community of plants and animals that depend upon one another, and their surroundings.
  23. A recurring theme in geography
    movement of people, goods and ideas.
  24. The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment.
    Human-environment interaction
  25. name six elements in the study of geography
    • Location
    • Places and Regions
    • Physical Systems
    • Human Systems
    • Environment and Society
    • The Uses of Geography
  26. Focuses on the study of the earth's physical features.
    Physical Geography
  27. also called cultural geography, focuseson the   study of human activities and their relationship to the culture and physical environments.
    Human Geography
  28. the study of weather, weather forecasting, and historical geography.
  29. the study of places and human activities over time, and the various geographic factors that have shaped them.
    historical geography.
  30. studying and making maps
  31. What research methods to geographers use in their work?
    • direct observation
    • mapping
    • interviewing
    • statistics
    • technology
  32. computer tools that process and organize data and satellite images with other pieces of information gathered by geographers and scientists.
    Geographic Information System (GIS)
Card Set
8th Grade World Geography Chapter 1
Chapter 1