Animal Sciences Lesson 1

  1. Who is the Father of Medicine?
  2. Who said

    “Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food”
  3. What was an old treatment of eye disease?
    Liver juice
  4. What is liver juice rich in?
    Vitamin A
  5. Who treated eye disease with liver juice?
  6. Who Compared the process of metabolism in the body to the burning of a candle?
    Scientist and Artist Leonardo da Vinci
  7. What was Dr. James Lind?
    A Physician in the British Navy
  8. Who performed the first scientific experiment in nutrition?
    Dr. James Lind
  9. What did Dr. James Lind experiment on?
  10. What is scurvy due to?
    A lack of Vitamin C
  11. Who was the father of Nutrition and Chemistry?
    Antoine Lavoisier, and french chemist
  12. Antoine Lavoisier gave what element its name?
  13. What two things did Antoine Lavoisier discover?
    the process by which food is metabolized and that combustion is oxidation
  14. What did Lavoisier say resulted in heat and water?
    Food and oxygen
  15. The combination of food and oxygen resulting in heat and water is the reverse of what?
  16. When is the first time we see the function of a vitamin?
    When Hippocrates used liver juice on eyes
  17. What 4 elements is food composed of?
    Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen and Oxygen
  18. Where is nitrogen typically found?
  19. What is a Tryglyceride?
    3 fatty acids on a glyceride backbone
  20. Who was the first to point out the chemical make up of carbs, fats, and proteins?
    Justus Liebig of Germany
  21. What are carbs made of?
  22. Fats are made of what?
    Fatty acids
  23. Proteins were made of what?
    Amino Acids
  24. Who fed chickens a diet of white rice, and what did those chickens develop symptoms of?
    Christiaan Eijkman, Beriberi
  25. What does outer rice bran contain?
    Vitamin B1
  26. What is Vitamin B1 also known as?
  27. Who discovered the first fat soluble vitamin, and what is it?
    EV McCollun, Vitamin A
  28. Who was the first to coin the term "Vitamin"
    Dr. Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist
  29. What 2 words is the word Vitamin from?
    Vital and Amine
  30. Who discovered the essential amino acids- the building blocks of protein?
    William Rose
  31. What are two water soluble vitamins?
    B and C
  32. Who created the term orthomolecular nutrition?
    Linus Pauling
  33. Who Proposed that "by giving the body the right molecules in the right concentrations,
    nutrients could be used by people to achieve better health and prolong life"
    Linus Pauling
  34. What Act set forth what can and cannot be said about nutritional supplements without prior FDA review
    Dietary and supplement health and Education Act
  35. What is the only mineral that is regulated by the FDA
  36. Substances essential for live must be supplied by
  37. Nutrients include: (6 things)
    Protein, Carbs, Fat, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
  38. Why must essential nutrients be in the diet?
    because the cells of the animal cannot synthesize the nutrient at all or not at a rate to meet cellular demands
  39. Why are both essential and non-essential nutrients required by all animal cells?
    For maximum cell metabolism
  40. What is fiber?
    The indigestible portion of foods which has many important functions for maintaining health such as lowering cholesterol
  41. Digestion is the _____, _____, and ____ Breakdown of foods in the digestive tract prior to absorption
    Physica, Chemical, and Enzymatic
  42. Definition: The movement of substances (nutrients) from the digestive tract into the blood or lymph
  43. What can help lower cholesterol?
  44. Metabolism is both
    Anabolism and Catabolism
  45. Define Anabolism
    Building up of body tissue and chemical components
  46. Define Catabolism
    The tearing down of body tissue and chemical components
  47. What is a protein in the body that can accelerate chemical reactions?
    An enzyme
  48. This is a chemical compound produced in one part of an organ to regulate the activity of another organ or group of cells in a body
  49. Hormones regulate
    organs or groups of cells in a body
  50. Enzymes are secreted in a ________ manner
  51. Hormones are secreted in a ______ manner
  52. What organ plays a role in both endocrine and exocrine secretions?
  53. What organisms and substances contribute the intestinal health?
  54. Probiotics literally mean what?
  55. All plants, animals, and microbes share these similar 3 processes:
    Glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, and Electron Transport
  56. 2 major groupings of organisms:
    Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
  57. Autotrophs require _______ _______ molecules
    Simple inorganic
  58. Heterotrophs require _______ ________ ______ molecules
    "preformed" complex organic
  59. Where does Autotroph and Heterotroph energy come from?
    Photosynthesis and Combustion (Oxidation)
Card Set
Animal Sciences Lesson 1
Nutrition History