NCE Human Growth and Development

  1. What are Freud's psychosexual stages?
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  2. If Freud's stages are psychosexual, what are Erik Erikson's stages?
  3. What does psychometric mean?
    Mental testing or measurement
  4. What does psychodiagnostic mean?
    the study of personality through interpretation of behavior or nonverbal cues.
  5. What is psychopharmacology?
    The study of the effects that drugs have on psychological functions.
  6. What type of psychologist is Erik Erikson?
    Ego psychologist
  7. What do ego psychologists emphasize?
    man's powers of reasoning to control behavior
  8. How is Freud's Id described?
    the seat of sex and aggression, the Id is illogical, irrational, chaotic, and only concerned with the body.  Void of time orientation
  9. How is Freud's Ego described?
    logical, rational, utilizes reasoning and control.  The ego keeps impulses in check.
  10. How is Freud's Superego described?
    moralistic and idealistic
  11. True or False, Behaviorists do not believe in concepts like Id, Ego, and Superego?
  12. Which type of psychologists feel that if it can't be measured then it doesn't exist?
  13. Who was the only psychoanalyst to create a developmental theory which encompasses the entire life span?
    Erik Erikson
  14. True or False, Many scholars do not feel that Freud's theory truly covers the entire life span?
  15. The statement, "the ego is dependent on the id," would most likely reflect what psychologist's work?
  16. What is Jay Haley known for?
    strategic and problem solving therapy, using the technique of paradox.
  17. What is Arnold Lazarus known for?
    systematic desensitization and pioneering the behavior therapy movement, multimodal therapy
  18. What is william perry known for?
    adult cognitive development, especially in college students
  19. How is Perry's concept of dualistic thinking described?
    Common in teens, it is characterized as black and white thinking where things are either good or bad or right or wrong.
  20. How is relativistic thinking described?
    the understanding that things exist relative to a specific situation and that there may not be a right or wrong answer.  There is more than one way to view the world.
  21. What are Piaget's four stages?
    • sensorimotor
    • pre-operations
    • concrete operations
    • formal operations
  22. True or False, Piaget postulated that the order of developmental stages remained the same for any culture, but that ages could vary?
  23. Why are some behavioral scientists critical of Piaget's research?
    It was based on observing his own children
  24. Who created the first IQ test?
  25. why is a t-test typically used?
    to determine whether there is a significant difference between two groups
  26. Describe Piaget's concept of conservation
    Conservation is the concept that a substance's weight, mass, and volume remain the same even if it changes shape.  Not mastered until the concrete operational stage
  27. according to Elkind what order doe children pick up conservation?
    • Mass
    • Weight
    • Volume
  28. In what Piagetian stage does a child master conservation?
    concrete operational -- ages 7-11
  29. what psychologist expanded on Piaget's conceptualization of moral development?
    Lawrence Kohlberg
  30. Who believed that developmental stages unfold due to educational intervention?
  31. What does epigenetic mean?
    each stage emerges from the one before it, follows a given order, and is systematic
  32. In what Piagetian stage is reversibility mastered?
    concrete operational
  33. What is reversibility?
    an action can be undone and returned to its initial shape
  34. A child stating "the rain is follow me" is an example of
  35. What is egocentrism?
    A child's inability to view the world from someone else's vantage point.
  36. abstract thought occurs in which Piagetian stage?
    formal operations
  37. How many levels or morality did Kohlberg suggest?
  38. What are Kohlberg's levels of morality?
    • preconventional
    • conventional
    • postconventional
  39. What was one method used by Kohlberg to assess the level and stage of moral development?
    The Heinz Story
  40. What is biofeedback?
    a technique to teach people to control bodily processes more effectively.
  41. who is associated with the term identity crisis?
    Erik Erikson
  42. what does RS mean?
    Religious and spiritual
  43. who coined the term positive psychology?
  44. what does positive psychology refer to?
    the study of human strengths such as joy, wisdom, altruism, the ability to love, and happiness
  45. describe the preconventional level of morality
    child responds to consequences, reward and punishment influence behavior
  46. describe the conventional level of morality
    individual wants to meet the standards of the family, society, and the nation.
  47. True or False, according to Kohlberg all adults move to the postconventional level of morality
  48. describe the postconventional level of morality
    individual is concerned with universal, ethical principles of justice, dignity, and equality of human rights.
  49. who are examples of people who reached the postconventional level of morality?
    MLK, Ghandi, Socrates
  50. what is Erikson's first stage of psychosocial development?
    trust v mistrust
  51. Who postulated the stages of infancy, childhood, the juvenile era, preadolescence, early adolescence, and late adolescents?
    Harry Stack Sullivan
  52. Did Harry Stack Sullivan's theory emphasize biological determination or interpersonal and sociocultural factors?
    interpersonal and sociocultural factors
  53. what is Erikson's final stage?
    generativity v stagnation
  54. what is a fugue state?
    amnesia associated with leaving home
  55. what is counterconditioning?
Card Set
NCE Human Growth and Development
study questions from the Human Growth and Development chapter of the NCE guide