SS Section III

  1. What was the first peace treaty of the Great War?
    The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between Russia, Germany and Austria in March 1918.
  2. What amount of territory did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk force Russia to give up?
    750,000 square kilometers.
  3. What percentage of the population, iron and coal deposits, amount of industry and agricultural output was given up by the Russians at the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
    1/4 of the population, 3/4 of its iron and coal deposits, 28% of its industry and 37% of its agricultural output.
  4. What were the non-territorial conditions of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
    The Russians had to pay for damages done to German-owned properties during the war, also for unpaid loans and businesses nationalized after the revolution.  It also gave the Germans extensive extraterritorial rights in the Bolshevik state, including the right to exprot goods and profits duty free.
  5. When was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk renounced by Soviet Russia?
    In November 1918.
  6. What two countries did the initial diplomatic exchanges take place with?
    Germany and the United States with President Woodrow Wilson.
  7. What did Woodrow Wilson propose to Germany and what were they?
    The Fourteen Points which called for the end of secret alliances, freedom of the seas, reduction of trade barriers, disarmament, a settlement of colonial disputes in the interest of colonial inhabitants, German evacuation of Alsace-Lorriane, autonomy or independence for nationality groups in Austria, restoration of the Balkan nations, protection for minorities in Turkey, free passage through the Dardenelles, the creation of an independent Poland with access to the sea, and the creation of the League of Nations.
  8. What problems did the European countries have with the Fourteen Points?
    Britain wanted to continue the blockade of Germany until the peace was definite, they also wanted to claim reparations for damage to their civilian populations and property from German wartime actions.
  9. What were the problems between Germany and the allies with the Fourteen Points?
    They agreed that the Fourteen Points with two qualifications were the basis for the armistice but they all had different interpretations of the Fourteen Points.
  10. How many treaties did the Paris Peace Conference result in?
    In five treatories.
  11. What conference resulted in five treaties?
    The Paris Peace Conference.
  12. What were the five treaties from the Paris Peace Conference named after?
    The place in or near Paris where the respective treaty was signed.
  13. What were the five treaties that resulted from the Paris Peace Conference?
    The Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919 with Germany; the Treaty of Saint-Germain on September 10, 1919 with Austria; the Treaty of Neuilly on November 27, 1919 with Bulgaria; the Treaty of Trianon on June 4, 1920 with Hungary; the Treaty of Sevres on August 10, 1920 with Ottoman Turkey.
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SS Section III