Chp 19 Land Use Controls and Property Development

  1. A strip of land, usually used as a park or
    designated for a similar use, separating land dedicated to one use from land
    dedicated to another use (e.g., residential from commercial).
    Buffer zone
  2. An ordinance that specifies minimum standards of
    construction for buildings to protect public safety and health.
    Building code
  3. Permission by the municipal inspector to occupy
    a completed building structure after being inspected and having complied with
    building codes.
    Certificate of occupancy
  4. See master plan.
    Comprehensive plan
  5. Private agreements that affect the land use.
    They may be enforced by an owner of real estate and included in the seller’s
    deed to the buyer.
    • Covenants Conditions, and Restrictions
    • (CC&Rs)
  6. Zoning ordinances that restrict the maximum
    average number of houses per acre that may be built within a particular area,
    generally a subdivision.
    Density zoning
  7. One who attempts to put land to its most
    profitable use through the construction of improvements.
  8. State legislation that confers zoning powers on
    municipal governments.
    Enabling acts
  9. A federal law that regulates that sale of certain
    real estate in interstate commerce.
    Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act
  10. An action brought by a property owner seeking
    just compensation for land taken for public use when the taker of the property
    does not intend to bring eminent domain proceedings. Property is condemned
    because. Its use and value have been diminished due to an adjacent property’s
    public use.
    Inverse condemnation
  11. A use of property that is permitted to continue
    after a zoning ordinance prohibiting it has been established for the area.
    Nonconforming use
  12. A planned combination of diverse land uses, such
    as housing, recreation, and shopping, in one contained development or
    Planned unit development (PUD)
  13. A detailed map that illustrates the geographic
    boundaries of individual lots.
  14. A clause in a deed that limits the way the real
    estate ownership may be used.
    Restrictive covenants
  15. One who buys undeveloped land, divides it into
    smaller, usable lots and sells the lots to potential users.
  16. A tract of land divided by the owner, known as
    the subdivider, into blocks, building lots, and streets according to a recorded
    subdivision plat, which must comply with local ordinances and regulations.
  17. Permission obtained from zoning authorities to
    build a structure or conduct a use that is expressly prohibited by the current
    zoning laws; an exception from the zoning ordinances.
  18. A regulatory tool that helps communities
    regulate and control how land is used.
  19. An exercise of police power by a municipality to
    regulate and control the character and use of property.
    Zoning ordinance
Card Set
Chp 19 Land Use Controls and Property Development
Land Use Controls and Property Development