1. The Z-Line of the esophageal-gastric junction, marks the boundary between two types of epithelial lining; the ________ to the __________.•
    * i.e. gastric reflux changes the epithelium of the esophagus as a result this may lead to the production of ___________in the esophagus.
    • esophogus
    • stomach
    • cancer
  2. a ____________ is a double layer of peritoneum.
  3. a messentary is important because it Provides means for neurovascular communication between the ______ and ________ wall.
    • organ
    • body
  4. _________ is formed as an organ invaginatees into the abdominal cavity
    organ, developmentally becomes susspended in abdominal cavity.
  5. a _______ ligament is a Double layer of _________ , that connects an organ with another _______ or to the wall of ________l. supports abdominal vscera
    • peritoneal
    • peritoneum
    • organ
    • body
  6. •double-layer extension of the peritoneum passing from the stomach and proximal part of the duodenum to adjacent organs. is an ___________. (A&M pg 138)
  7. 59.Identify the 3 subdivisions of the small intestine. (A&M pg 150)
    • •Duodenum
    • •Jejunum
    • •Ilium
  8. 60.What is the action of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system on the intestine?
    •__________, constricts blood vessels and contracts internal anal sphincter
    •___________, stimulates digestive juices, relaxes sphincter, etc.
    • •Sympathetic,]
    • •Parasympathetic
  9. _________, _________, and _______ cana, are subdivisions of the large intestine? (A&M pg 155)
    • •Cecum
    • •Colon (ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid)
    • •Anal cana
  10. 62. What are the three identifying characteristics of the large intestine that distinguishes it from small intestine?
    ______ intestine is longer and more mobile)
  11. _______ ________three thick bands of longitudinal muscle
    fibers) part of the large intestines
    Teniae Coli
  12. _________ (pouches between the teniae coli) of the large intestines
  13. large intestines have •__________ ________ (small fatty appendages on colon)
    • Omental appendices
  14. What is a hernia? What is the difference between a direct and indirect inguinal hernia?
    a ________ inguinal hernia enters through a weak point in the fascia of the abdominal wall,
    whereas a ________ inguinal hernia protrudes through the inguinal ring and is ultimately the result of the failure of embryonic closure of the internal inguinal ring after the testicle passes through it (usually a congenital condition)
    • direct
    • indirect
  15. a. ____________ recess – separates spleen from _-11th ribs
    • costodiaphragmatic
    • 9
  16. ___________ ligament – connects to greater curvature of stomach at the spleen ????
  17. ________ ligament – connected to left kidney to the spleen
  18. splenic vein unites with SMV to form this _______ vein
  19. __________ __________ allow for free communication between the supracolic and infracolic compartments of the abdomen
    Intestenal gutters
  20. •The adrenals sit on top of the kidneys and the kidneys are underneath the ___________ toward the back.•
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