st 240 final exam

  1. Define arteriosclerosis obliterans
    condition that involves the formation of a atheroma within the lumen of a artery that restricts blood flow to target tissue
  2. Define arteriovenous malformation (AV repair)
    a congenital collection of abnormal vessels of the brain that increase in size with time
  3. Define autonomic nervous system
    function independently & continuously without conscious effort
  4. Define capillaries
    microscopic vessels designed to exchange nutrient & wastes between blood & tissue fluid around the cell
  5. Define cholecystectomy
    removal of  gallbladder
  6. Define circle of Willis
    is a collection of arteries that give rise to the various branches supply blood to the brain
  7. Define complete fracture
    fracture involving skin breakage
  8. Define cystocele
    prolapse of bladder into virginal valt
  9. Define D&C
    Dilation & Curetage
  10. Define dacryocystitis
    inflammation of the lacrimal sac most often due to an obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct
  11. Define disinfection
    destruction of microorganisms or vectors by direct expose to a chemical or physical agent
  12. Define dysphasia
    difficulty speaking
  13. Define dystocia
    Abnormal labor
  14. Define EMG
    display & recording of the electrical activity of the skeletal muscle
  15. Define epidural space
    between the bone and dura
  16. Define gravida
    # pregnancies
  17. Define hydrocephalus
    condition that results from an obstruction of the flow of CSF, over production of CSF or improper absorption of CSF
  18. Define keratinization
    process by which strands of tough, fibrous protein develop within the cell membrane
  19. Define meninges
    cover the brain & spinal cord
  20. Define myelomeningocele
    a defect of the CNS in which a herinal sac containing a portion of the spinal cord, meninges & CSF protrudes though a congenital opeing the vertebral colum
  21. Define nephrolithotomy
    removal of kidney stone through surgical incision into the kidney
  22. Define notchplasty
    used to widen anterior portion of intercondylar notch to prevent impingement of graft during ACL repair
  23. Define osteophyte
    bone spur
  24. Define pyelolithiasis
    stone within renal pelvis
  25. Define rectocele
    the protrugen for herniation of posterior vaginal wall of rectum through the vagina
  26. Define reflection as it pertains to lasers
    changing of the direction of the laser as it contacts the surface
  27. Define somatic nervous system
    connect the CNS to skin & skeletal muscle via the cranial & spinal nerves
  28. Define spina bifida
    results from a failure of the boney structure around the neural tube to close properly during embryonic development
  29. Define tracheotomy
    incision made into the trachea
  30. Define umbo
    point of maximum concavity
  31. Define urethrostenosis
    abnormal narrowing of the tube that carries urine out of the body
  32. Define vasectomy
    male sterilization procedure
  33. Know how a patient must be positioned for a flank incision
  34. Know how hypertrophic turbinates may be treated
    use of sclerosing agents, with electocaurdary & surgical removal
  35. Know how ova are transported
    travel by peristalis
  36. Know the anatomy of the pharynx
    • Nasopharynx
    • Oropharynx
    • Laryngopharynx
  37. Know the anatomy of the uterus
    • appendages ovaries fallopian aka adenxa
    • fundus - dome like portion superior
    • corpus- body of uterus
    • cervix - neck of uterus
  38. know the arterial blood supply to the uterus
    uterine branch artery off the Internal iliac
  39. Know the benefit of using the trendelenburg position
    displaces organs towards the head

    allows greater access to pelvic organs by using gravity to move the intestines
  40. Know the blood supply to the pelvis and perineum
    Internal iliac artery
  41. Know the bones of the orbit
    • Maxillary                        Palatine
    • Frontal
    • Zygomatic
    • Ethmoid
    • Lamcrimal
    • Spenoid
  42. Know the four procedures for treatment of prostate disease (SA)
    • TURP
    • Retropubic
    • Suprapubic
    • Perineal
  43. Know the function of the glomerular capillary endothelium
    restricts movement of blood cells large molecules
  44. Know the function of the ovaries
    to produce and expel ova or oocytes

    release hormones
  45. Know the function of the T-Tube
    place with in the biliary system it drains bile via gravity into specialized collection unit
  46. Know the largest cranial nerve
  47. Know the largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the body
  48. Know the layers of the meninges
    • Dura mater (outer)
    • Arachnoid
    • Pia mater (inner)
  49. Know the layers of the skin
    • Epidermis
    • Dermis
    • Subcutaneous
  50. Know the layers of the wall of the digestive tract
    • Serosa
    • Submcosa
    • mucosa
  51. Know the main source of blood to the nose
    Internal Maxillary Artery
  52. Know the major branches of the aortic arch
    • Brachiocephalic Artery
    • L common carotid artery
    • L subclavin artery
  53. Know the medications can be used for intra-arterial irrigation
    Heparin & sodium chloride irragation
  54. Know the most common reason for a C-Section
    mother fails to progress
  55. Know the most commonly used hemostatic device
  56. Know the purpose of the subcutaneous layer of skin
    binds skin to underlying structures
  57. Know the safety steps for mixing cement (SA)
    closed mixing system & limiting case exposure
  58. Know the specimen for a discectomy
  59. Know the suture used on the dura of an adult patient
    4-0 neurolon
  60. Know the two hormones that stimulate the ovarian cycle
    • FSH
    • LH
  61. Know the usual cause of a vocal cord nodule
    vocal abuse or misuse
  62. Know three methods of treatment for orthopedic fractures (SA)
    • close reduction & casting
    • open reduction
    • Internal fixature
    • External fixation
  63. Know what a Bair hugger is
    pt warming device that utilizes warm air blown into a special blanket
  64. Know what a Bilroth I or II refers to
    sub total gastroectomy
  65. Know what a curette is
    surgical instrument remove tissue by scrapping
  66. Know what a CUSA is used for
    • cavition ultrasonic aspiration
    • used to decompress tumors
  67. Know what a driver is
    used for inserting sharp pins to reduce a bone fracture or guide a driven nail
  68. Know what a gastrostomy is
    surgical creation of an opening from the gastric mucosa to the skin and is performed to proved nutrition feeding to the pt or to decompress and drain the
  69. Know what a Gibson incision is used for
    designed for access to the lower portion of the uterer
  70. Know what a hulka tenaculum is
    used for uterine masnutation during lap exam of pubic structures probe tip that is inserted into cervical or cervical lip
  71. Know what a Montgomery strap is used for
    situation that requires frequent wound inspection or dressing changes
  72. Know what a resectoscope is used for
    excise prostic tissue
  73. Know what a triple arthrodesis is
    fusion of the subtalar, calcaneocuboid and talonavicular joint
  74. Know what accessories are needed for a lithotomy position
    stirrups & leg holders
  75. Know what an iliac arteryobstruction can be bypassed with
  76. Know what an O’Connor O’Sullivan is
    used during open abdomen & pelvic procedures counted all pieces
  77. Know what angiography is used for
    perpherial vascular disease
  78. Know what areas of the body are under pressure while in supine position
    occiput, scapal, orlcrano, serum, ischial tubeosities, calcanoeous
  79. Know what arteries form the circle of Willis
    Internal carotid, basiliar artery
  80. Know what artery supplies blood to the diaphragm
    Inferior phrenic artery
  81. Know what bone is used as a bone graft for a radical neck dissection with mandibulectomy
  82. Know what bones are involved in a patella tendon harvest
    Patella & tibia
  83. Know what can be used as an autograft for an ACL reconstruction
    Semitendinosus or gracilis
  84. Know what causes electrical burns in the OR
    laser & electrocaudery
  85. Know what cells contribute to the development of hair at the base of the hair follicle
    Epidermal cells
  86. Know what composes the coxal bone  Know what conchae are
    • ilium (superior)
    • Pubis (anterior)
  87. Know what conchae are
    osseus ridge located on the lateral walls of the nasal cavity
  88. Know what connects the pulmonary artery to the descending thoracic aorta in utero
    ductus arterious
  89. Know what contains the uterine tubes
    broad ligament
  90. Know what controls dynamic equilibrium
  91. Know what curved iris and Potts-Smith scissors are frequently used for
    delicate tissue
  92. Know what dissociative agents do
    interrupt association pathways of the brain
  93. Know what effective skin antisepsis requires
    mechinal and chemical actions
  94. Know what endoscopic procedures are used for
    biopsy visualization repair
  95. Know what fluid is acceptable during a TURP
  96. Know what fluoroscopy is used for
    images are viewed during movement and projected in "real time" allowing actions of joint and organs to be reviewed directly
  97. Know what Heaney hysterectomy forceps are
    vascular and ligament during hysterectomy horizontal serration and single tooth
  98. Know what information spirometry gives
    • lung capacity
    • resistance
    • ventillatory pressure
  99. Know what is involved in a radical mastectomy
    entire breast including axaillary lymph nodes, and pectoral muscle
  100. Know what is removed during a UPPP
    tonsils, adenoids, uvala, portion of soft palate
  101. Know what is typically removed in a tonsillectomy
  102. Know what kind of imaging is best used during surgery to view anatomic structures
  103. Know what layer of skin contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers
  104. Know what panendoscopy involves
    viewing esophagus
  105. Know what pneumatic sequential stockings are used for
    to prevent deep vein thrombosis
  106. Know what procedure is done for an endometrial polyp
  107. Know what procedure is done for an obstructed tear duct
  108. Know what procedure is done for arthritis
    total joint replacement
  109. Know what procedure is done for cancer of the common bile duct
  110. Know what procedure is done for cholelithiasis
  111. Know what procedure is done for rhinitis/sinusitis
    endoscopic sinus surgery
  112. Know what procedure is done for snoring
    • UPPP
    • uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
  113. Know what procedure is done for urinary incontinence
  114. Know what PSA is a test for
    prostate cancer
  115. Know what sclerotherapy is used for
    various veins
  116. Know what stage of labor the placenta is delivered during
    stage 3
  117. Know what system the adenoids are a part of
    lymph system
  118. Know what the choroid plexus does
    produces CSF
  119. Know what the fornix is
    anular process created by the cervical vaginal junction
  120. Know what the fundus of the uterus is
    dome like portion of uterus most superior portion
  121. Know what the manubrium is
    Superior portion of sternum
  122. Know what the pharynx is commonly referred to as
  123. Know what the suprarenal arteries feed
    adrenal glands
  124. Know what the tympanic membrane separates
    outer & middle ear
  125. Know what type of prep should be done for a laser case
    no acholal  based prep
  126. Know what type of suture is used to close fascia
  127. Know what types of surgery are available to treat urinary incontinence
  128. Know what types of total joint implants exist
    knee, shoulder, hip, elbow
  129. Know what vasoconstrictor is often mixed with local anesthetic
  130. Know where a gastroscope is inserted
  131. Know where a keel punch would be found
    TKA tray
  132. Know where a Zenker’s diverticulum occurs
  133. Know where Leroy-Raney clips are used
    scalp edges
  134. Know where the Bartholin’s glands are located
  135. Know which portion of the kidney receives the renal blood vessels
  136. Know which quadrant the gall bladder is found
    upper right
  137. Know which tonsils are removed during an adenoidectomy
    pharyngeal tonsils
  138. Know which type of hernia is typically congenital
  139. Know who is responsible for patient safety
    the entire OR
  140. Know why a DeLee suction device is used
    is to clear neonate air in presents of meconium
  141. Know why a Foley catheter is commonly used
    deflate bladder during surgery
  142. Know why a Shirodkar procedure is performed
    Cervical cerclage

    to close incompetent cervix
  143. Know why contrast medium is used
    enhance visualization of structure during diagnostic procedure
  144. Know why Fowler’s position is used
    procedures on shoulder, nasopharynx, face, breast reconstruction, some cranial
  145. Know why it is contraindicated to use nitrous oxide during reconstructive ear surgery
    b/c it causes middle ear expansion can cause dislocation of the tympanic membrane graft
  146. Know why ultrasound is ideal for examination of the fetus
    for visualizing fetus b/c it doesn't use ionizing radiation
  147. Understand adrenalectomies
    • tumors can always be removed endoscopially
    • open drenalectomies always involve the removal of the upper pole of kidney
    • post adrenlectomy doesn't require life long hormone replacement therapy
  148. Understand Cushing’s disease
    • hirsutims
    • glucose intolerance
    • emotional instability
  149. Understand endarterectomy
    • removal of plaque
    • face turned away from op site
    • supine position
    • roll under scapal
  150. Understand lateral kidney position
    kidney rest portion of the op table is raised under the area and crest but not under the softer lower abol tissue
  151. Understand mersilene (SA)
    Non absorbable
  152. Understand nephrectomies
    • subtotal nephrectomies involves the incision of either pole of the kidney
    • subtotal nephrectomies can be performed to excision small cancers of the kidney
    • simple nephrectomies can be performed for excision of kidney to be used for transplant
  153. Understand novafil (SA)
    non absorbable
  154. Understand PDS II (SA)
  155. Understand plain gut (SA)
  156. Understand renografin
    brand name that indicates iodine conc appropriate for use in urinary system
  157. Understand surgical screws
    end of non tapping screw is blunt
  158. Understand the characteristics of a vein
    have specialized valves
  159. Understand the female urethra
    • travels in front of the posterior portion of the vagina
    • surround by muscle fibers that form the urethrovaginal sphnicter
    • separated from the vaginal by areolar tissue
    • 4 cm
  160. Understand the MIBG scan
    detects pheochromocytoma
  161. Understand the process of turning a bone flap
    incision, raise muscle flap, perforate, craniotomy
  162. Understand the proper Foley procedure
    place after anestica before prep
  163. Understand transurethral instrumentation
    • a bridge is used to accomidate the extra length of the telescope a flexable transurethral scope can be used to visual kidney, uters, bladder
    • working element of a resectoscope can be used with variety electro surgery tips
  164. Understand vicryl (SA)
Card Set
st 240 final exam
st 240 final exam